Thursday, September 16, 2021

Technology is as good as the people using it: Computer technology is just a tool. Its user determines the quality of output

Installing cameras for fighting crime and tax evasion, using computer technology for removing corruption, and implementing EVMs for ensuring transparency of election results are all uses of technology to solve problems. However, "technology is as good as the people using it". Utility of a technology is dependent on the ability and competence of people using it.
Let's see some examples of technology and its tools:

A knife is as good as the person using it. On Eid ul Azha qurbani by a professional qasai vs a novice is easily visible by the quality of the cut meat. One would spoil the meat the other would make it into a treat worth remembering. Even a simple task like putting a nail in the wall with a hammer. An expert will get the nail in with a few strokes of the hammer. A novice would spoil several nails, can spoil the paint and in fact destroy the wall plaster also. Similarly, a good carpenter can create a master piece of furniture using the tools which in the hands of a clumsy novice can spoil the furniture. Using the same paints, an artist can create a masterpiece of painting, and the same paint in the hand of a novice can destroy the painting.

Like all technologies, computer technology and electronic devices are no different. In the hands of experts they can do wonders. In the hand of novices they can cause of wastage and great debacle as what we saw in the use of RTS in 2018 elections where the untested and unpiloted app failed in its first real life test.

Sandblasting the license plate number of cars is sometimes considered to be a solution for car-jacking. Recently, Kenya which is notorious for street crimes, resorted to sandblasting on cars of Nairobi. Cars not having the numbers sandbasted on window glasses are not given fitness certificate to drive on roads. The pic here was posted in 2021 that wanted Pakistan to use sandblasting on car windows for apprehending car thieves. Little did the person asking us to emulate Nairobi knew that in 1995-1997 we went through an extensive drive to get all the cars on Karachi roads sandblasted with the license plate numbers. It failed predictably because the issue in Pakistan is not being able to identify the license number of car, but the willingness and commitment of the traffic police to apprehend the criminals. The only result was that the sandblasting companies made huge money providing their services in cahoot with the police who were busy extorting money for forcing the drivers to get the sandblasting done. The project was discontinued.
In Pakistan it is the people problem not the technology problem.

‎Pakistan has been trying to stop tax pilferage and misreporting of factory outputs by installing the cameras since 1990s. There is also SRO notifications in this regard. Has there been appreciable reduction in tax pilferage. None except greasing of the palms of inspectors and giving huge contracts to camera companies.
There is a similar story of safe city cameras of Islamabad and Karachi. There are 2000 cameras in Islamabad. There are several thousands in Karachi too, but when the time comes they are often found to be non-operational, there is no transparency of data.

The problem is not of technology, the problem is not of laws and regulations. But the problem is people management, strategy and processes.

The case of EVMs is a classic case where government thinks that technology is a panacea of all ills of the society. They think that there is rigging in election because of lack of technology. There are so many incentives for rigging. It is a political problem, it is a social problem, it is a human behavior problem. See the detail post in this regard.

EVMs will fail in Pakistan because it is more of a management problem than a technology problem

Technology is as good as the people using it.
Technology is not the solution. Change of behavior of people who use the technology need to change!


EVMs will fail in Pakistan because it is more of a management problem than a technology problem

EVM is a much bigger logistics & management problem than a technology problem!
Assuming EVMs are technologically feasible, now please work out the logistics and management issues of manufacturing, testing, transportation, storage, issuance, receipts, returns, installation, post installation testing, quality assurance, maintenance, malfunction detection, repair, supervision etc of uniquely numbered 7 lac devices. Mind you, that all these devices will have to work flawlessly for only two days out of every five years in 100,000 polling stations spread over big cities, small cities, villages in areas spread over a country consisting of mountainous regions, deserts, plains, etc with highly differring levels of roads, internet, communication infrastructure using over 4 lacs polling staff that is conscripted for election duty from government departments for election duty. Each of 1lac polling stations has at least 7 hardware devices; 1 device for voter identification, 1 control unit, two ballot machines for men and 2 ballot machines for women (out of two, one is for NA and the other is for PA), and 1 RTS machine.

But, the million dollar question is who will perform all these logistics functions, who will train them, who will ensure safety, security. Mind you the devices can not be left unsecured for even 10 minutes in a country where authorized access is as much if not more vulnerable than unauthorized access for corruption reasons. Do you think that the same government officials who cannot maintain 2000 cameras in Islamabad, the most developed area of the entire country, (which are often found not working when they are needed the most), can be trusted to manage this huge logistical enterprise. The same bureaucracy who could not run a simple RTS app?

Supposing we have angels who will manage this, then who will prepare a database of 4lac polling staff that are not finalized till the last day, who will create a database of lacs of people required for managing the logistics and who will manage the tracking of devices, tampering alarms and unauthorized access and movement alarms, who will designate which serial number device should only be handled by which CNIC card holder for how long, ,.....

Above all the billion dollar question (literally) is, who will pay the cost of around $1Bn new money for the above logistics and management of 7lac devices of EVMs? Mind you $1Bn is 50% of the total amount received from IMF with so many conditionalities that it has already broken the back of people of Pakistan.

The above can be learnt through a course on Information Systems strategy and management and learning from failures of over 70% ERP implementations of the like of SAP, Oracle ERP that have been in use by thousands of organizations around the world for over 3 decades.
الیکشن شفاف کرنے والی 7 لاکھ EVM ڈیوائسز کی جادوئی چھڑی پر وہ پڑھے لکھے عقلمند ایمان لے آئے ہیں جو ایک کروڑ نوکریوں، 50 لاکھ گھر، 47 روپے پیٹرول، دو دن میں 200$ ارب، 5 ارب درخت، 90 دن میں کرپشن ختم کرنے ....کے جھوٹے وعدوں پر اندھا دھند ایمان لے آئے تھے!
Also see

پڑھے لکھے عقلمند آئی ٹی ایکسپرٹ:

اگر ERP جیسی proven ٹیکنالوجی جو کہ ہزاروں بڑے بزنسز میں دنیا بھر میں کئی دھائیوں سے کامیابی سے چل رہی ہے، جس کے لاکھوں امپلیمنٹیشن ایکسپرٹس بھی موجود ہیں، وہ بھی ٪60 نئی جگہوں پر امپلیمنٹیشن کے دوران ملازمین کی ٹیکی اہلیت و استطاعت کی کمی ہونے کی وجہ سے فیل ہو جاتی ہے، تو ایک نئی EVM ٹیکنالوجی جس کی افادیت unproven ہے کیونکہ ابھی تک دنیا کے 167 میں سے 159 ممالک جن میں امریکہ، جرمنی، ہالینڈ جیسے ٹیکی ایکسپرٹ ممالک بھی شامل ہیں وہ بھی ابھی تک convinced نہیں، بلکہ جرمنی اور ہالینڈ تو استعمال کر کے ترک بھی کر چکے ہیں، اُس EVM ٹیکنالوجی کو پاکستان جیسے ملک میں "ہینڈسم پڑھے لکھے عقلمند" جادو کی چھڑی ہلا کر اُن لاکھوں پولنگ اسٹاف سے کامیابی سے چلوا لیں گےجن کی اکثریت نے ابھی ای میل کا استعمال بھی شروع نہیں کیا، اور وہ بھی ان EVM مشینز پر جو کہ ابھی صرف پروٹوٹائپ اسٹیج پر ہیں، جن کو 22 مہینوں بعد ہونے والے الیکشنز سے پہلے یکایک لاکھوں کی تعداد میں مینوفیکچر کروا لیا جائے گا، اور اُن 1بلین ڈالرز کے بجٹ سے جو ابھی estimate بھی نہیں کیا گیا اور نہ یہ معلوم کہ کہاں سے آئیں گے، اور جن EVM مشینز کو کسی اصلی الیکشنز میں پائلٹ ٹیسٹ بھی نہیں کیا ہو گا، اور اُن مشینز کو ملک کے طول و عرض پر پھیلے ہوئے ایک لاکھ پولنگ اسٹیشنز پر الیکشنز والے دن، سیاسی پریشر کے انتہائی ٹینشن میں، پہلی دفعہ استعمال کریں گے اور کامیاب بھی ہو جائے گے-
اے بسا آرزو که خاک شده

پاکستان میں 1لاکھ پولنگ اسٹیشنز، ہوں گے، ہر پولنگ اسٹیشن پر کم ازکم 7 مختلف ووٹنگ مشینز چاہئے- یعنی 7 لاکھ مشینوں کو استعمال کروانے کے لئے کم ازکم 4 لاکھ پولنگ اسٹاف چاہئے -

A chain is as strong as its weakest link:
What is the weakest link in the voting process? The polling station staff and logistics staff!
ان پولنگ اسٹاف کے پاس 1 لاکھ ووٹر شناخت مشینز، 2لاکھ کنٹرول یونٹ، 4 لاکھ بیلٹ مشینز، اور ایک لاکھ RTS مشینز کون پہنچائے گا- یہ کہاں اسٹور ہوں گی؟ ان کے کمپوننٹس پاکستان میں تیار ہوں گے، یا باہر سے آئیں گے؟ یہ کہاں سے اسمبل ہو کر بن کر آئیں گی؟ کس نے ان مشینوں کی کوالٹی چیک کی ہو گی؟ ان 7 لاکھ مشینوں کی بنوائی سے ترصیل تک، اسٹوریج سے پولنگ اسٹیشنز تک کی لوجسٹکس کی زمہ داری کون لے گا؟ ، اس اسٹاف کی ٹریننگ کون کرے گا؟ ان مشینز کی خرابی کون ٹھیک کرے گا؟ انسٹالیشن کون کرے گا؟ کون حفاظت کرے گا؟ یہ کیا گارنٹی ہے کہ بننے کے بعد سے لیکر استعمال تک کے دوران اس میں تبدیلی نہیں کی گئی؟

کیا ان سب مشینز کو ہیکنگ، ٹیمپرنگ، وائرس سے وہ حکومت روکے گی جو FBR کے 1 سسٹم کو بھارتی ہیکرز سے 7 دن تک نہیں روک سکی؟

بھارتی ہیکرز نے انڈین EVM مشینز کو جو تیس سال محنٹ اور ٹیسٹنگ سے تیار ہوئی تھیں ان کو دس منٹ میں $8 خرچہ سے ہیک کر لیا تھا!

الیکٹرانک ووٹنگ دھاندلی مشینز: دنیا کے 167 جمہوری ممالک میں صرف 8 ممالک EVM استعمال کر رہے ہیں! 9 ممالک وہ ہیں جنہوں نے EVMs استعمال کرنے کے بعد ان کا استعمال ترک کر دیا جن میں جرمنی، آئیرلینڈ، ہالینڈ شامل ہیں؛
چند پاکستانی ارسطو اپنے کو جرمنی، ہالینڈ اور آئیرلینڈ کے IT ایکسپرٹس سے زیادہ عقلمند سمجھتے ہیں-وہ سمجھتے ہیں کہ پاکستانی وہ کارنامہ انجام دے گا جو جرمنی کے ایکسپرٹس نہ کر سکے.....
See reference:

دھاندلی EVM سے کتنی آسان ہے:
ووٹنگ مشین کی ٹیکنالوجی کیا ہے:

Wednesday, September 8, 2021

A Drive on a Rickety Cycle and Sufistic Thought by Shah M Ismail Rauf

This is a story/article written by my dear mamoo  Shah M Ismail  around 1953-55. Today is his 22nd death anniversary. He retired as Major in 1980s. Great man who taught me how to love and play with children.
Father of Faizan Shah, Faryal Osman Khan, Faraz Shah, Fariha Ahmreen, Farid Shah.
Rauf Mamoo of the the entire family. Humaira Tariq, Sm Omar, Rabia T Zeeshan,.....
He was our companion in Hajj of 1996. What a great memorable 40 days. 
May Allah give him the best of abodes in the hereafter. Aameen

A huge effort sorting, numbering, compiling, organizing, dating, protecting, cataloging, scanning, transcribing, editing,... is in progress.

 I have letters from SM Ismail and his siblings dating back to 1949. Letters from Rauf Mamoo's mother's sister Ayesha Faridy, from his father SM Ibrahim who died in January 1951, from his nana Shah Ab Shakoor Faridy. Sufistic poetry from Shah Ab Shakoor Faridy and deewan of handwritten poetry of Shah Ab Shakoor Faridy's father Shah Ab Ghafoor. Rauf Mamoo's, Sardar Mamoo's, Rais Khala's letters informing about the death of Shah Mujeeb Ur Rehman in 1978 and very emotional description of his last few days.
Documents/diary relating to award of khilafat to SM Faridur Rehman (in 1940s) and to SM Ismail from SM Ab Shakoor Faridy ( in around 1950s?).  Did you notice the sufistic discourse in this article? 
And of course relating to struggle of siblings establishing themselves from nothing. after leaving everything behind and coming to pakistan after partition with zero resources. And then gradually establishing bit by bit, slowly, gradually, painstakingly with mutual love and then marriages and children. 70 years later the children are well settled and comfortable. Saga of Great sacrifices.

Tuesday, August 31, 2021

Partition, Broken Families, Migration Ethos: Bharat ko Janey Waley by Fatima Khatoon

Farewell picture of my grandfather Abdul Ghani Hyder's return in June 1951 with the extended family. Research for names of those in Pic and labeling them with numbers was done by Khurshid Alim Zaidi, a very painstaking task.
Poem written by Phuppi Fatima Khatoon on the decision of Daday Abdul Ghani to return back to Nihtaur instead of settling in pakistan in June 1951:
بھارت  کو  جانے  والے  ،  بھارت  کو  چاہنے  والے 
حافظ  خدا  تمہارا،  مالک  کے  تم  حوالے
ہندوستان  تمہارا، گھر  تھا  کبھی  ہمارا
ہم  اُس  کو  چھوڑ  آئے  ،لے  کے  نیا  سہارا
تم  کو  وطن  تمہارا  ، ہے  اِس  چمن  سے  پیارا
روکے  نہ رک  سکے  تم  ،جب  دیس  نے  پکارا
اِس  دیس  کی  کشش  سے
میرا  سلام  کہنا  ،میرا  سلام  کہنا

ہم  اِس  وطن  سے  چھوٹے،  گنگ  و  جمن  سے  چھوٹے 
بے  بال  و  پَر  ہوئے  ہیں،  اپنے  چمن  سے  چھوٹے
بیتے  ہوئے  زمانے  ،خوشیوں  کے  سب  زمانے
پیپل  کے  سائے  میں  ہم  ،چھوڑ  آئے  وہ  خزانے 
ہے  داستاں  پُرانی  ،بھولی  ہوئی  کہانی
گزرا  جہاں  تھا  بچپن،  آئی  جہاں  جوانی
اُس  گھر  کے  بام  و  در  سے 
میرا  سلام  کہنا،  میرا  سلام  کہنا

وہ  دولتِ  جہاں  ہے  ،وہ  ہم  سر  جہاں  ہے 
خاکِ  وطن  کا  ہم  کو  ،ہر  ذرّہ  حزرِ جاں  ہے
جھگڑوں  کو  بھول  جائیں  ،پھر  پریم  رس  لنڈھائیں 
گنگا  کے  جل  میں  پانی،  زمزم  کا  ہم  ملائیں 
اُس  ماں  کے  لال  ہم  بھی،  اُس  ماں  کے  لال  تم  بھی
تم  جس  کے  دل  کے  ٹکڑے،  ہیں  نونہال  ہم  بھی 
اُس  ماں  کے  چرن  چُھو  کے
میرا  سلام  کہنا  ،  میرا  سلام  کہنا

سائے  میں  جن  کے  پَل  کر،  گودی  میں  جن  کی  بڑھ  کر
پروان  چڑھ  کے  آئے  اور  آئے  ہیں  بچھڑ  کر 
اُن  پیاری  بستیوں  سے،  اُن  بہتی  ندیوں  سے 
اُن  اونچے  پربتوں  سے  اور  اُن  کی  گھاٹیوں  سے 
غُنچوں  سے  اور  گُلوں  سے،  پیٹروں  سے  جھاڑیوں  سے 
اُس  بچھڑی  انجمن  سے،  اُن  پیارے  ساتھیوں  سے 
بھارت  کے  باسیوں  سے 
میرا  سلام  کہنا  ،میرا  سلام  کہنا

ہم  آن  بان  والے  ،ہم  اونچی  شان  والے 
ملکِ  خدا  کے  والی،  قومی  نشان  والے 
دیتے  ہیں  اِک  سَندیسہ  ،راہی  ذرا  ٹھہر  جا
مہر  و  وفا  کی  مالا  اور  یہ  پیام  لے  جا
مسجد  ہو  یا  شِوالہ  ،مقصد  ہے  ایک  سب  کا 
آپس  میں  بَیر  رکھنا  ،مذہب  نہیں  سکھاتا
اُلفت  کے  دیوتا  سے 
میرا  سلام  کہنا  ،میرا  سلام  کہنا
از فاطمہ خاتون ۱۹۵۱
"اباجان [ سید عبدالغنی حیدر] کے ہندوستان واپس جانے پر آپا فاطمہ خاتون نے یہ نظم کہی تھی۔ ۱۹۵۱"
[میرے والد احسان حیدر کا نوٹ اس پیج کی بیک سائڈ پر]

Fatimah Khatoon is my father's cousin (also my wife's paternal grand mother) and is here expressing the sentiments of the family torn apart by the partition of India. She used to write articles/poems in Monthly Ismat, which I am compiling in a book form and am currently in the process of giving final touches to the book.
My grandfather Abdul Ghani Hyder refused to settle down with his children in Pakistan and returned in 1951 to his hometown Nehtaur in Bijnor, India. His children, four sons and a daughter, all married with services in government, decided to settle down in Pakistan. My grandmother also decided to be with her children in pakistan. Majority of his extended family also migrated. Only a few cousins chose to remain in Nihtaur, Bijnor. They refused to leave their home town and their ancestral home of the family for centuries. My grandfather used to come regularly to Pakistan till  war of 1965 broke the relations with India and travel to and fro became very difficult. He breathed his last in 1966 in Nihtaur. Inna lillah e wa inna ilaihi rajioon.

Missing Names in the group photo:
5: Prof Mahmood Zaidi (USA)
10. Shah M Mubeen Ur Rehman (Sardar, Major) br/o Huzabra (w/o Ahsan Hyder)
11. Hadi Hasan (Gandhi Garden display of Mumtaz Mahal)
Unnumbered baby in the lap of (31) Mehmooda w/o Baray Osman Hyder Irani is Nayyar Rizwan 

From notes taken by me as I wrote down what  Ahsan Hyder (my father) told me about each face in around 2000.

Is Marriage an Imprisonment? Feminism, Relationships and Freedom from Responsibilities

کیا شادی قید بامشقت ہے؟ 
 This post is triggered by FB posts which mentioned marriage as imprisonment with hard labor:
"قید بامشقت"
This post captures the intent of feminist and modern thought which is now focused so much on freedom that it considers "responsibilities" as imprisonment (قید).
To reveal the essence of this thought, we apply the idea to other relationships. The key insight from labeling marriage as "qaid e bamushaqqat" is the inability of feminism to acknowledge the role of "responsibility" in relationships such as marriage.

 Hence, we consider two, more sacred, relationships: (1) mother-child and (2) Allah-Momin relationship and consider how the same concept of equating responsibility as imprisonment gets extended to reveal the inconsistency of thought.

(1) mamta ممتا is the sacred mother-child relationship which literally starts with hardest of labor pains and then continues with pains of feeding, continuous 24 hour care, sleep less nights for the first few years and total commitment. The commitment in our culture extends throughout life with responsibility shifting to the child after adolescence. Please note that feminists typically tend to delay and reduce the child bearing and rearing "responsibilities" as much as they can, but for the biological imperatives. 

(2) Allah-Momin/Creator-created relationship comes with its own responsibilities. And life is often considered as life sentence where the commandments and sharia restrict the "freedom". 

One can also see that jobs and schools are also often considered imprisonment by modern thought.

Tuesday, August 24, 2021

Phuppi Tufail Fatima Care for Family and Parents

My phuppi Tufail Fatima breathed her last yesterday August 23, 2021. She was 103 years of age. The اسم  تاریخ here was written by my grand father's father Syed Ikram Hyder (Naqshbandi) in 1930s.
She was an exemplary woman who maintained her regimented lifestyle through out her life till old age restricted her to bed a few years ago. Strict timings for meals, tea, prayers, housekeeping. She did her BA in 1938 and BT in 1939 from Aligarh University. She taught in the Mauripur base school in 1950-60s. Her care for immediate family and extended family members was exemplary. All through the 1970s she first cared for her mother in law on old age deathbed for around five years and then her mother during her old age deathbed. Great lady worrying about whether the family member visitors are being properly taken care of even when she had forgotten who was who and could barely talk.
Inna lillah e wa inna ilaihi rajioon 

Ism e Tareekh and Qata e Wafat: How Birth and Death Years were remembered in History

Ism-e- tareekh ( اسم تاریخ) was the name computed from the year of birth. There are numbers assigned to each letter of the alphabet. Sum of the numbers assigned to each letter of birth year name  evaluate to the birth year. See the computations of names of my father, uncles and phuppo by Syed Ikram Hyder Naqshbandi (father of my grandfather) written in 1930s. Typically they were made to evaluate to hijri years and then converted to Gregorian calendar year. Here it shows the names of Tufail Fatima, Syed Ahsan Hyder, Syed Luqman Hyder, Syed Osman Hyder, Syed Ramzan (Sultan) Hyder, and Syed Saeed Uddin Hyder. 
Similarly, year of death was often computed from the sum of numbers assigned to the letters of a verse. Typically four (قطعہ) verses were used by poets and was called قطعہ وفات. These verses and names were used to remember the year of death and year of birth.

Sunday, August 1, 2021

Teachers at ICB

Sitting Sir Manzoor Ahmed Khan (English), Sir Nafees Siddiqui (English), Principal MKA Beg, Madam Shuja Zaidi (Headmistress), Sir Jan e Alam (Urdu), Sir Ghalib Raza (Urdu)
This appears to be editorial board of Sumbul, school magazine

Sunday, July 18, 2021

Self awareness and layers of intentions

Self-awareness is the process of discovering deeper levels of intentions. Whenever we are disturbed and feel an urge to respond or act on a stimulus we need to introspect about what is it that has disturbed me and is giving me this urge to respond. 
Our response should be based on حسن ظن and not being judgmental because the facts may be wrong or our perspective may be faulty. This is highlighted by the three examples given in the Pic. 

But, more importantly our holier-than-thou feeling that produces this urge to respond may itself have deeper issues that require self awareness and self introspection. 

We need to first identify the intention behind any action (or its contemplation). The first reason that comes to our mind represents the first level of intention. Below the first level intention is another level of intention. Below the second level of our intention there may be another level of intention. We need to peel off these succesive layers of intentions before we discover the core intention that is giving rise to upper levels of intentions. This deepest core intention is most often a fundamental, most disturbing, weakness in us, that we are hiding with our upper level (lesser disturbing) intentions.

This is how I analyze each event that disturbs me
Q: I think there is a layer below the intentions which give meaning to reality, or forming a perception, to which we intend to responding ...

Thursday, July 15, 2021

Elegance, Love and Principles in Roman Holiday

One of the most memorable endings of a movie.
I have thought a lot about the emotions and feelings generated by this movie since my early school days. 

First saw this movie in 1971-72 on PTV. Then in 1983-84 on projector at American Center audi (adjacent to Marriott) during classic films festival. Then in 1988 on videocassette checked out from movie collection at UGL in UT Austin, and later at KBVO channel 42. Then a couple of times in early 1990s rented from Blockbuster Videos in Austin. Then bought the videocassette in late 1990s and a couple of times. And watched it several times with each of my children during 2000s. And of course with CDs and now online at least once every other year.
What an experience and what memorable feelings. They don't make movies like this anymore. The delicacy and refinement of the subject, emotions and an everlasting experience. 

Happiness and Forgive and Forget Rule

Forgive and forget rule for happiness! 
The question to ask is whether you want to be happy or not!
اے شمع تیری عمر طبیعی ہے ایک رات 
ہنس کر گزار یا اسے رو کر گزار دے
Holding a grudge and protecting it is like carrying stale foul smelling tomatoes for long periods and not throwing them away despite their stench.

وہ اچھا سلوک جو آپ نے دوسروں کے ساتھ کیا اس کا بھولنا اس    حکمت میں پوشیدہ ہے: "نیکی کر دریا میں ڈال"  اور "احسانمند کے شر سے ڈرو"

Sunday, July 4, 2021

How to Identify Synthesis in the tables of your PhD Literature Survey

Instructions to my PhD students:
Please note that The taxonomy master and taxonomy detail are only a "structured" way of organizing the information and identifying "codes" and discovering "themes and categories". It is a tool to help you identify the literature support that leads to your PS.

You need to transform this structured information into distilled tables where individual papers at max could be in footnotes.

We discussed in class the tables used by Dr Omar Javaid and Dr Junaid Ansari dissertations tables in the chapter on literature survey. The dissertations are in lms.

You need to design those kinds of tables that fit the thrust of your paper areas.

Most of you have been asked to change/make these tables.

Readings course is about digestion of papers that you have reviewed. When there is indigestion you throw up. You can identify in the undigested food crumbs that you had thrown up, the individual ingredients such as bread, tomato, beef,.. [sorry for the example¦.
Hence when I see reference to "individual" paper Id as column headings or row headings, it is a sign of "undigested" food ingredients.
Your rows and column cells should contain entries that "refer" to multiple papers (group of papers, set of papers, or category of papers) rather to individual papers. Similarly, sentences in your literature survey should be referring to multiple papers. I gave you the dissertations of Dr Junaid and Dr Omar to see the sample tables. But, many of you except Anam Qamar did not get this point.
This synthesis vs listing, digestion, and referring to group of papers instead of individual papers is mentioned clearly in my blogs, in my course outline, repeatedly in my class lectures and in my each viva session.
Even the student whose sample paper was sent to you, had to go through couple of revisions before she got it right. But she did it quickly. I am maintaining an excel where I am maintaining the instructions. Students are either not understanding this or are not putting enough time? Please send this to others and make sure everyone reads.

Tables in your literature survey must be connected to the direction of your research. I.e should be leading to your eventual PS, TS, Or methodology. The final Tables in the paper are not there to show a summary of what individual papers did. The tables are there to highlight the wisdom that you extracted from the survey that is serving as a beacon illuminating the way towards your PS and TS. Any table that is not connected with the direction of research should be modified or taken out.

Saturday, June 12, 2021

The Art of Gentle and Soft Persuasion- Dr Zahir Ali Syed

Dr Zahir Ali Syed, Director of UIT (Usman Institute of Technology), was plucked from us yesterday June 11, 2021, in a murderous event reminding Karachites of how Hakim Saeed was taken away from us in a terrorist murder some 25 years ago. Inna lillah e wa inna ilaihi rajioon!

Saturday, May 29, 2021

Fauqul Chacha and Family Help

I knew them both and their father Fauqul Hasan Zaidi. Fauqul chacha will regularly drop at our place for morning tea with my father and mother during his break journey on his way from his home in F-6/1 to his office in old state bank building which was being used as parliament building temporarily during 1970s. Had heard of wonderful stories of his adventures in Bengal and in Northern Pakistan

We are greatly indebted to marhoom  Rashid Bhai s/o Fauqul Hasan Zaidi for his great support and help in arranging the logistics of wedding food arrangements of my two eldest sisters Farida apa n Ghufaira apa. Farida apa with Rafi Uddin Haider in 1975 and Ghufaira apa with Misbah ahmed Zaidi s/o Fiza A Zaidi in 1977. I was in school during those days. There didn't use to be caterers of the type available today who do everything and just deliver the food on time at the event. In those days there used to be only cooks (bawarchi).  It was the responsibility of event organizers to arrange for utensils, gosht, chawal, masalay, ghee,....  Individually each ingredient had to be purchased separately, utensils rented, cooking burners set up and made available at the site. Cooks would simply come on the day, prepare n ground masalay and cook the food. Food was prepared at site by the cooks.
The entire food logistics of the two marriage functions was supervised by Rashid Bhai the great. May Allah give him the best of abodes in the hereafter. Aameen

Rise and Fall of Dictators and Kings: Delusions of Grandeur by Neocolonialism Forces

Last Shah of Iran

How the kings are installed and propped by the great powers;

Just finished seeing this BBC documentary about the shah of Iran whose pompousness we grew up with. I remember waiting for hours on the Chaklala road to airport in 1967 to catch a glimpse of the motorcade. But, I was too young (around 5) for the wait, and left early and later came to know that his motorcade has passed. Witnessed Murree Road being renamed as Raza Shah Pehalvi Road and after his debacle again being renamed Murree Road. There was such pomp and show in the newspapers about his his 2500 years coronation ceremonies, read about the intrigue and the stories of his previous wives and current wives in Jang. Also, saw the yearly pictures of his heir being groomed to take over his crown. The heir's ascent was short circuited by the Iranian Revolution. The documentary made me recall the story of the womanizer and drunkard dictator of Pakistan peeing in the flower pots during the 2500 year coronation celebrations, and the dictator getting slapped by a lady in the royal feast. I recalled the stories of lavishness of Shah, his blind following of the West, and the wholescale adoption and imposition of foreign culture on the poor Iranians. Western powers that brought him also left him high and dry after the revolution when he was moving in his airplane from country to country till eventually  was sent to Egypt to spend his last days. The daily stories of scores people being shot after the revolution reminded me of the reign of terror in France after the French revolution. 

The king was a fool made to think that he had divine right to rule, propped by US/British advisors, bent upon robbing the aspirations of poor third world countries. How this project of "modernization' at the expense of people's aspirations gets implemented. It reminded me of the puppet Last Emperor of China. How history and reality catches up with reality. Now people don't even remember or recall his artificial glory. 

Idi Amin:

The pomposity with which he came to the Islamic Summit in 1973. We thought as children then that he was much cherished by his people. His rise and fall happened in front of my eyes in the 1970s. His portrayal in Last King of Scotland tells us of the artificial pomp of the dictators, shahs and sheiks propped up by Western powers to satisfy their neocolonialism agenda. When a few years ago I went to Uganda I realized how destructive these stooges are in the developing countries. The plight of Idi Amin in an Egyptian hospital where he breathed his last was well captured by Javed Chaudhry in one of his columns.

Anwar us Sadat


Hosni Mubarak

Saddam Husain

Gen Ayub

Gen Yahya

Gen Zia

Gen Musharraf

Saturday, May 22, 2021

Leadership Style of Imran Khan as Cricket Captain and as Prime Minister

Imran Khan leadership style:
Is IK trying to run the country exactly as he ran the captaincy of Pakistan cricket team?  Favoritism in picking up players, holding of personal grudges against fellow players, and being vindictive against those who dared to disagree with him. Habit of making arbitrary and adhoc decisions, which worked in cricket because cricket is largely a game that depends too much on indidual brilliance. Cricket is a game where a team's spectacular performance is often a chance; a coincidence of glorious uncertainties when a few individuals happen to click together to produce scintillating results....

A comment on the following Pic of my post :
"It is reputed that during 1992 world cup, he had personal grudge with Jawed Miandad. He did not take him in his team. When Pakistan lost first three round matches, then he called Miandad. He had ruined the careers of Basit Ali, Qasim Umer and many others. He is considered to hate Karachaits. Very highly egoistic. He always promoted the players who belonged to Punjab. He is still maintaining the quota system, whereas he gives the examples of meritocracy. "
Need references to this quote above.

" Reading the earlier of his two autobiographies suggests that Imran was anything but a pleasant youngster. He seems to have been petulant, arrogant and a very bad loser, something at which he had plenty of practice where cricket was concerned. "
[From Imran Khan: Made in England by Martin Chandler]

" Imran was honest enough to write of himself; The 1971 tour party to England contained one player who must surely rank as the rawest, most conceited cricketer ever to represent his country. At the start of the tour he had problems with his run up and found it difficult to control the swing of the ball in English conditions and after just eight expensive wickets he was in no form at all going into the first Test. In fact had it not been for injuries to Salim and Sarfraz he would have been nowhere near the side and he was selected only by dint of Pakistan quite literally having no other option." [Source IK's first book]

No one is disputing IK's individual brilliance in bowling (especially his in cutters) and his batting. I have also been his admirer as a cricketer. Here we are only comparing IK's leadership style as the captain of cricket team and his leadership style as a PM. There are several common traits of his personality that are now visible and also comparable.

My Interest in Cricket:
I have been listening/watching cricket since 1972. Have read all cricket related news from 1973 till 1990s published in Dawn and Jang. Had a collection of The Cricketer magazine of 1970s and 1980s. I have read books written by Bradman, Illingworth and also Imran. I was listening to international test matches worldwide on shortwave radios in 1970s and 1980s. For example, I listened to centenary test between England and Australia in 1976-77 where Randall scored a century. Used to go regularly to British Council to read Cricketer International in 1980s. Have read several articles of famous cricket writers such as the legendary John Arlott. I used to have a collection of urdu cricketer magazine. Watched and followed Kerry pecker saga.l of late 1970s where IK blossomed. I read about IK's learnings from South African Mike Proctor and others. Remember this was all pre internet/YouTube...there after the match fixing turned me off the cricket.

Sunday, May 16, 2021

How Legacy is Transmitted over Generations: Case Study of Ikram Hyder

During lock down I was organizing the old stuff left by my father. In that I found some papers in old dilapidated state, crumpled. On closer inspection I found them belonging to my grandfather's father. Till this time I had only seen a Pic of my grand father's father in a Pic of my father's graduation in 1930s. The person in white beard. On greater inspection I found that he belonged to naqshbandi silsila. in those papers there were his منظوم صوفیانہ کلام dating back to 1880s. The Kalam is in Arabic, Persian and urdu. It has been a great excavation and curating experience. No one in the family today seemed to be aware of this treasure or the spiritual life of my grandfather's father. My father did not share this and we did not ask him. He had been too reticent about his life before partition. It was too painful. But now I could see the connection of ethical and spiritual values of my grandfather's father with the strong character, truthfulness, morals, principles of my father, uncle, and three of my father's cousins standing in this Pic. I could see the strong influence of these values in their life with this lineage. I can now connect many of my personality traits with those spiritual teachings which I stumbled on in these papers. I could see those values alive and kicking within my siblings and cousins....
Life is insignificant (in khasara) except for those who believed, did good deeds, promoted Haq and enjoined sabr. The good deeds and tarbiyat of our parents spreads through our actions and good deeds and the tarbiyat that we do of our children. We may not know the name of our great grandfathers, but their legacy of good deeds got transmitted to our grandparents and from them to our parents and from them to our children and inshallah to our children's children and then on and on, inshallah. Names and places are forgotten by mortals but the good deeds live on and their contribution would be counted and tallied on the day of judgements by the omniscient Allah.

Saturday, May 15, 2021

Visit to Baba KhorwaRi Shrine Ziarat

I had experience of meeting someone who predicted the rain fall time precisely. It was 1983 in ziarat, our NED batch mates of 1980-85 were on the study trip of Pakistan. We were around 200 students in three compartments that was attached to different trains and detached at various stations in the city for a few days while we visit places. We reached in July to Quetta and the compartments were detached at the Quetta station. After visiting a few places we went to Ziarat in three buses. We reached there around 12-1pm. As the students were waiting for lunch we started exploring the area. About 5 of us got more excited when we asked about places to visit and someone told us about a track leading to the shrine of Baba Kharwariz. We ventured towards Baba Kharwari's Mazar via mountaneous trek through a forest. We were told that it was a 20 minutes distance rural distance. We went along for 30-40 minutes. Each local wayfarer on the way, we asked how far is the shirne and he would tell us it was just a few minutes ahead. Those few minutes on and on became half an hour, and then another half an hour. It was around 245pm when we asked yet another local who was passing by, he looked at the sky which was then clear and then he looked at his watch. He then advised us to return. He warned us that there would be thunderstorm and rain at 3pm. The path would be filled with flash floods and then it would be difficult for us to return. We ignored him because it was sunny and clear and there were no signs of any clouds. But in around 5 minutes we saw some ominously threatening clouds moving towards us. Another 5 minutes and we could hear their grumbling. We got scared by the thunder and the impending darkness and decided to return. Initially we were just walking, but then it became dark, the clouds came so near, and the lightening and thunder became severe. Lo and behold as we neared 3pm it became dark and we started running. At 3pm there started vicious rain. The trek path soon resembled a stream and then a torrent. We started running as fast as we could. We were afraid of the intensity of the flash floods and were fearful that we would swept by the torrents. Soon we were fully drenched and running for our lives. By the time we reached the road, we were thoroughly drained, drenched, and fighting for breath...
Rest is another story

Wednesday, May 12, 2021

Economic Hit of Pakistan: CAD Focus vs GDP Neglect

CAD focus vs GDP neglect (IKnomics Hit) :
"کرنٹ اکاؤنٹ خسارہ" CAD:  ایک صاحب کی دکان خسارہ میں چل رہی تھی- ایک دن انہوں نے فاتحانہ اعلان کیا کہ پچھلے مہینہ انہوں نے CAD خسارہ پر قابو پا لیا! پوچھا وہ کیسے؟ فرمایا "بڑا آسان تھا، بس دکان بند کر دی، تمام ملازمیں کو فارغ کر دیا، تمام ضروری اور غیر ضروری اخراجات بھی ختم کر دئے، کرنٹ خسارہ زیرو!"

جی ڈی پی GDP گروتھ:
ایک صاحب کی دکان خسارہ میں چل رہی تھی- ایک دن انہوں نے فاتحانہ اعلان کیا کہ انہوں نے CAD خسارہ پر قابو پا لیا! پوچھا وہ کیسے؟ فرمایا "بڑا مشکل اور تکلیف دہ تھا، میں نے ایکسپرٹس سے مشورہ کر کے اپنے بوسیدہ سسٹمز کو تبدیل کرنے کا فیصلہ کیا، اس انویسٹمنٹ کے لئے مجھے  قرضہ لینا پڑا جس سے نئے سسٹمز خریدے اور دو سال لگا کر تمام بوسیدہ سسٹمز تبدیل کئے، فضول اخراجات ختم کئے، پراسیسز آسان کئے، اب میرے کسٹمرز بھی خوش ہیں ان کو بہترین پراڈکٹس کم قیمت پر، کم وقت میں آسانی سے دستیاب ہیں، کاروبار میں اضافہ ہوا، نئی پراڈکٹ لائنز شروع کیں، ملازمین کی تنخواہوں میں اضافہ ہوا، نئے ملازمین کو جاب دیں،  کرنٹ خسارہ منافع میں تبدیل ہو گیا!"
Over the last 3 years IKnomics policies has crippled the economy whilst propoganda machine trumpets false economic principles related to magical properties of CAD while denigrating GDP.

Gross domestic product (GDP) is the total monetary or market value of all the finished goods and services produced within a country's borders in a specific time period. As a broad measure of overall domestic production, GDP functions as a comprehensive scorecard of a given country's economic health. It encapsulates growth in economy due to growth of business, production, services, and the resultant employment opportunities.

On the other hand, Current Account Deficit or CAD is the difference between the money coming in due to exports and the money going out due to imports. It is no where in world  used as indicator of economic health of country. CAD only tells you about the ability to service external debt, as such it is only in Pakistan's IMF dictated "IKnomics" that CAD was used for measuring health of Pakistan economy during first 3 years of IK with disastrous consequences.

The single minded focus on IMF CAD related policies were responsible for the crash of GDP from 5.8% to - 0.4%, reduction in jobs over the last three years by over 5 million, and increase in inflation (too much money chasing too few goods), and hemorrhage of economic sentiments.

IK should have curtailed luxury imports without impacting raw materials for our production. Instead of clamping down hard on smuggling and significantly increasing duties on luxury items, IK tremendously increased the exchange rate and utilities costs while simultaneously going after the small and micro businesses, which resulted in decrease in production and increase in prices of all  the inputs, increasing the prices of outputs, reducing the viability of many businesses and their shutting down. 

Ability to service debt is measured as a percentage of the productivity of economy (i.e GDP). A country with high GDP growth can sustain larger debt. This is similar to a person earning 100k can service a larger debt than a person earning only 10k. There are several countries with higher debt to GDP then pakistan but that is not a problem for them. For example Japan has around 200% whereas Pakistan is around 50%. Over here IK increased the policy rate to 13.5% that made the local debt servicing the largest single item of our expenditure around half of all expenditure even more than military expenditure!

One must read the history of how government investment in infrastructure (GDP growth ) got USA out of the global Great Depression. This came to be known as Keynesian Economics that is taught in every Economics 101 course in the chapter on overcoming recession. See this

How Economic Hit through policy rate increase happened

How Economic Hitmen duped IK's policy to astronomically increase the loan interest burden on Pakistanis. 

1. By increasing the policy rate from around 5% to 13.5% after tabdeeli, IK government doubled the interest payments (markup expense) to nearly half of the total expenditure. That is double of what was being spent during previous regime. 
2. Markup suddenly became the single largest outlay even more than the entire military expenditure and military pensions. 
3. To compensate for this, government had to stop/slow down all development expenditures, was forced to increase the utility rates and petrol prices, thereby severely decreasing the GDP and employment. 
4. SBP demand based rationale was that higher policy rates will reduce inflation. However, inflation in Pakistan skyrocketed to around 12-14%. SBP demand rationale was contrary to the cost rationale emerging worldwide where countries like Brazil had by decreasing the policy rate decreased their inflation. Ironically , SBP website shows research papers which also establish that Pakistan's inflation will decrease with decreasing policy rate. 
5. The myth sold to Pakistan through the Economic hit media brigade that Pakistan has too much debt. This is again contrary to the fact that many of the countries around the world have even hundred percent to 200 percent debt to GDP ratio, and they are not having such problems. Analysis shows that it is not the higher debt, but the higher policy rates which creates the burden. Most of the countries that have higher debt to GDP ratio than Pakistan have policy rate of less than 2% , in some cases even negative policy rates. Pakistan suffered because of high policy rates not because of high debt. 
Do you know that yearly pensions expenditure of government is as large as the yearly civil government expenditure.

یہ کسی صحافی یا نو آموز سیاستدان کے سطحی خیالات پر مبنی رائے نہیں، عرصہ دراز تک لٹریچر کو پڑھنے، سمجھنے، اور خود سے تاریخی ڈیٹا کا تجزیہ کرنے کے بعد پوری ذمہ داری سے لکھا گیا تبصرہ ہے۔ اس میں مذکور ہر انفارمیشن کی صداقت ثابت کرنا میری ذمہ داری ہے، اور اس مختصر نوٹ میں جن آرا کا اظہار کیا گیا ہے ان کے لئے دنیا بھر میں بے شمار واقعاتی شواہد موجود ہیں جن کا ثبوت دینا میری ذمہ داری ہے۔ اپنے اپنے حلقہ احباب میں جو لوگ سیاست یا پالیسی سازی میں کردار ادا کر سکتے ہوں، ان تک یہ حقائق پہنچا دیجیے۔ اللہ ہمیں اس ملک کی بہتری کے لیے کردار ادا کرنے کی توفیق دے

ڈاکٹر عتیق الرحمن

1. پاکستان میں بجٹ اخراجات کی سب سے بڑی مد اندرون ملکی قرض پر سود کی ادائیگی ہے۔ اس مد پر رواں مالی سال میں 2631 ارب خرچ ہوئے، جبکہ آمدہ مالی سال میں اس سے زیادہ اخراجات کا تخمینہ ہے
2. اخراجات کے اس قدر زیادہ ہونے کی وجہ پاکستان میں سرکاری شرح سود یعنی پالیسی ریٹ کا بہت زیادہ ہونا ہے۔ اس وقت پاکستان میں پالیسی ریٹ 7 فیصد ہے جبکہ امریکہ میں پالیسی ریٹ محض 0.25 فیصد، اور تھائی لینڈ میں 0.5 فیصد ہے

3. اگر پاکستان میں پالیسی ریٹ امریکہ والی سطح پر چلا جائے تو پاکستان کو سود کی ادائیگی کے لیے محض 100 ارب کی رقم درکار ہو گی۔ یعنی 2500 ارب کی بچت ممکن ہے۔
4. سٹیٹ بینک اف پاکستان کے مطابق شرح سود بلند رکھنے کی وجہ افراط زر پر قابو پانا ہے۔ سٹیٹ بینک کے مطابق اگر شرح سود میں کمی کی گئی تو ملک میں مہنگائی میں بیحد اضافہ ہو جائے گا
5. سٹیٹ بینک کا یہ مفروضہ دنیا بھر میں غلط ثابت ہو چکا ہے۔ کرونا بحران سے نمٹنے کے لیے دنیا بھر میں شرح سود میں کمی کی گئی، جب کہ کہیں بھی اس اقدام کی وجہ سے مہنگائی میں اضافہ نہیں ہوا
6. سٹیٹ بینک کے پاس ایسی کوئی دستاویزی /تاریخی شہادت موجود نہیں جو یہ ثابت کر سکے کہ واقعی شرح سود میں کمی سے مہنگائی ہوتی ہے۔ پاکستان میں تاریخی شہادتیں اس مفروضہ کے خلاف ہیں
7. اس لئے گذارش ہے کہ سٹیٹ بینک کو اس بات کا پابند کیا جائے کہ وہ تاریخی ڈیٹا سے بلند شرح سود کی افادیت کا ثبوت فراہم کرے

8. اگر سٹیٹ بینک کے پاس ایسی کوئی دستاویزی شہادت موجود نہیں جو اتنی بلند شرح سود کی افادیت ثابت کر سکے، تو شرح سود کو عالمی معیار کے مطابق 1 فیصد پر لایا جائے

9. شرح سود کو 1 فیصد پر لانے سے 2200 ارب سالانہ کی بچت ممکن ہے۔ اس طرح ایک سال میں ہونے والی بچت دفاعی بجٹ کے دگنا کے قریب ہو گی
10. شرح سود کو کم کرنے سے سرکاری قرض پر سود کی رقم میں کمی کے علاوہ کاروبار کے لیے قرض سستے ریٹ پر دستیاب ہوگا، جس سے کاروباری سرگرمیوں کو فروغ ملے گا

Friday, May 7, 2021

Voting Machines- Is Technology a Panacea: Technology is as good as the people using it

کیا صرف ٹیکنالوجی لگا دینے سے ٹرانسپیرنسی و شفافیت حاصل ہو جاتی ہے؟

My dear PM, technology in itself is not a panacea. Technology is as good as the people using it! 

Taking on Challenging Responsibilities vs Trying to be a Superwoman

What is the problem with the following advice:
"Don't get too proud, she said, of your capabilities at handling anything — or soon people will expect you to handle everything. The world is always eager to find someone who can handle everything (because the world is lazy, and doesn't want to do the work) and soon you will be responsible for more than you can manage. You will be doing more than what is fair, or even sensible — and you will be doing thousands of things that you were never designed to do.

Don't get seduced by the idea that you are some kind of Superwoman — as much as the world wants to put that honorific upon you. (Telling women that they are superheroes is a trick the world has always played, for making women do all the work.)

Wednesday, May 5, 2021

Power of Psychological Assumptions in Matchmaking Processes

Power of assumption?
Match-making processes would be markedly different for society that assumes "you are mentally ill unless proven healthy" vs the society that assumes "you are healthy unless proven mentally ill".
This is similar to the power of assumption in law:
"You are innocent unless proven guilty" vs "you are guilty unless proven innocent" through due process.
The impact on behaviors, societal norms and management processes differ tremendously in societies using the assumption "innocent unless proven guilty" (simpler open fast processes of developed countries) vs 'guilty unless proven innocent (complex convoluted opaque tedious processes of developing countries like Pakistan).

Monday, May 3, 2021

Hill Park Karachi over the Years and Social Networks of Old Familiar Faces

ھل پارک 1975, PECHS, Karachi
 I went regularly in the mornings during 1995-2012 when my children were growing up. Feeding the ducks and climbing up and down the hilly slopes was the nearest to tracking/hiking children could get in Karachi. I also frequented it during 1980-86 during my engineering and MBA days, and even used to study there too . I still go there some times.
My Khaloo was a regular visitor of Hill Park with his children from 1970-88. While on visit from Islamabad to Karachi and staying at Khala's place in PECHS has some very interesting time there.

Sunday, May 2, 2021

Branding, Consumerism and Islamic Principles of Trade

مغربی کیپٹلزم کی اشتراکیت کو ضم کرنے کے بعد اس سے بڑی کیا کامیابی ہو گی کہ اس دو سو سال سے لڑنے والے مزہبی پیشوا خود کیپٹلسٹ کنزیومرزم کے سب سے بڑے داعی بن جائیں-
تاریخ میں کیپٹلزم سے لڑنے والے اب تک کے تمام نظام فکر لڑتے لڑتے خود کیپٹلزم میں ضم ہو گئے ہیں مثلاً اشتراکیت, 
 anarchist, socialist, religious and nationalist viewpoints, socialist tendencies (e.g. anarcho-syndicalism, social democracy and Bolshevism), philosophy of historical materialism, small-scale cooperatives and family businesses, and large-scale antitrust regulations,.... etc

 مغربی کیپٹلزم کی اس سے بڑی کیا کامیابی ہو گی کہ مغرب سے لڑنے والے اسلام کے پیشوا جو خود کو سید بادشاہ اور اسیر مالٹا کی روایات کے امین گردانتے ہیں وہ  خود کیپٹلسٹ کنزیومرزم کے سب سے بڑے حمایتی اور داعی بن کر سامنے آ رہے ہیں-

"We are all capitalists now!" 
Socialists admitted this after the implosion of Soviet Union & fall of Berlin Wall. Do Muslim scholars who have embraced capitalist consumerism can muster the moral courage to admit it too?

اپنے برانڈ کے پرچار کرنے والوں کو کس نے مجبور کیا ہے کہ اسلامی روایات اور سادگی کا درس دیں؟
کیپٹلسٹ برانڈنگ اور کنزیومرزم کا اسلامی روایات سے کیا تعلق ہے؟ ان کو کس نے مجبور کیا کہ سورۃ التکاثر میں " الھاکم التکاثر"[1] کا درس دیں؟ " لم یسرفوا" [2]  کا درس دیں؟ فویل.. الزین ہم یراءون "[3] کا درس دیں؟

احیاء العلوم میں غزالی نے cost plus pricing کے مقابلہ میں demand pricing (منہ مانگی قیمت) کے چند واقعات درج کئے ہیں جن سے اسلام کا مدعا ظاہر ہوتا ہے- جن میں بیچنے والا مُصِر تھا کہ اس سے مارکیٹ پرائس بہت زیادہ بڑھنے کے باوجود کم قیمت خرید پر جائز منافع کے ساتھ مارکیٹ سے کم cost plus پرائس پر خریدا جائے- [4]

مسئلہ تعیشات کو بیچنے، کاروبار کرنے یا پرائس فکسنگ  کا نہیں بلکہ مذہبی پیشوا کا سادگی کا درس دیتے دیتے اس کو برانڈ بنانا [5]، اس کا کنزیومرزم کے زریعے ان لوگوں میں ترغیب پیدا کرنا ہے جو افورڈ نہ کر سکتے ہوں.[6]، اور عوام کو خود نمائی اور دنیاوی دکھاوے کی ایسی دوڑ میں مبتلا کرنا ہے جو معاشرے میں ہیجان اور ڈپریشن پیدا کرتی ہے [7]، جو عوام میں ضرورت (needs) کا خواہشات (wants) سے فرق دور کر کے معاشرے میں زہنی بیمار پیدا کر رہی ہے [8] .. ..

Sam Walton, ‏Ghazali's Ihsaan in ‎معاملات ‏ ‏and High-end Expensive Brands

There are several types of price setting strategies such as Cost Plus and Demand Driven Pricing. Walmart's success was built on cost plus pricing model. Sam Walton was the founder of the retailing giant of 1990s-2000s. In his autobiography "Made in America" published a few months around his death in 1992, he mentions the example of a toothpaste he was selling at around 2 dollars. He found a vendor who offered the same quality at around 55cents. Managers advised him to sell at around $1.20. Their logic was that Walmart buyers are used to buying this tooth paste at around 2 dollars. $1.2 is a significant decrease. However, he declined. He decided to sell at around 70 cents. His logic was that his CSR is providing consumers with lowest prices. Walmart slogan is "Everyday Lowest Prices". He said around 10% margin is as per his mission. The toothpaste was sold at 70 cents. He writes in the autobiography, while he was suffering from terminal cancer, that this book will come to haunt those who will try to meddle with his legacy. He was writing in the context of the question that what was his contribution to the social welfare of people. He said his mission was to provide his customers with the lowest price anywhere. This mission had made life easier for millions of mass consumers of USA. The benefits of cheaper prices that he had passed on to Americans is unparalleled.

Wednesday, April 28, 2021

Why Leaders Fail to Recognize their Own Incompetence: Bureaucracy and IK

Why People Fail to Recognize Their Own Incompetence.
Incompetence of the "competent authorities" of pakistani government bureaucrats. And belief of PTIans in competence of IK. 

Dunning Kruger-Effect: Why Unintelligent People Don’t Learn?

Economic Hit of Pakistan and Illusion of Monetary Policy's Independence from Fiscal Policy

Central Banks are required by law everywhere to manage and control monetary policy or value of money. There is nothing "natural" about value of money or forex rates. Monetary policy (always artificially crafted) works in tandem with fiscal policy and international policy to establish value of money. Tools used by fiscal/monetary policy include (1) interest rate changes, (2) unemployment rates, (3) inflation reports, (4) gross domestic product numbers, (5) manufacturing data, and (6) commodities. 

Sunday, April 25, 2021

Imran Khan's Tabdeeli- Change Management and BPR

IK got elected on the slogan of "tabdeeli" (change). He doesn't know ABC of change management or how BPR (Businesses Process Reengineering) achieves substantial and visible "tabdeeli". BPR is about reducing the complexity of Inter departmental processes by eliminating 60-80% steps and increasing efficiency by up to 80%, and resulting in substantial reduction of corruption as seen in CNIC process of NADRA, passport process or CDC system for share purchase and sale processes.

Friday, April 16, 2021

Growing up with Magazines

In 1969-70 I was 7 when I started reading Taleem o Tarbiat and other magazines. We had almairah shelves full of magazines issues going back to early 1960s and to even mid 1950s. 
Old issues of subscriptions of Taleem o Tarbiat, Bachon ki Duniya, Naunehal, Khilona which were children magazines. And magazines for my elder sisters such as Ismat, Jame Nau, Zaibun Nisa, Mah e Nau, Sidq, Urdu Digest, Sayyara Digest, Alibqa, Readers Digest, Life,. ... These I would read a few later once I was done with the children magazines.
We would immerse ourselves after school and would continue till  our play time around an hour before Maghreb. Books reading was in parallel 
May Allah give my parents the best of abodes in the hereafter who provided and environment of reading for me and my siblings.

First Makeup Experience: Impact of Childhood Experiences across Time and Space

Vividness of childhood experiences and the distance it travels across time and space. As I am going through the letters, papers and other documents of my parents dating back to the days before their marriage (1940s, they married in 1951), I come across the clues to their personality that I observed during 1966-2003, time of my conscious interactions with them till before their death. Your post reminded me of a page from my mother's diary where she writes about an incident of when she was around 10-12 ( 1946-47) about makeup.

بارہ تیرا سال کی عمر تھی- بھائی صاحب[ شاہ فریدالرحمان] بمبئ سے اینگلوانڈین بیوی مسلمان کر کے لائے تھے- وہ میک اپ کرتی تھیں- دیکھا دیکھی خود بھی شوق ہوا- ہلکا ہلکا پوڈر اور لپ اسٹک لگانا شروع کیا-

اور تو سب دیکھتے ہی تھے- والد مرحوم بہت غور سے دیکھتے تھے- ہم خوش کہ ابا بہت پسند کر رہے ہیں، ہم کتنے خوبصورت معلوم ہوتے ہیں-لیکن کچھ تھا- کوئی چیز کوئی خیال جو عجیب قسم کی گھبراہٹ، ڈر اور شرم بھی محسوس ہوتی - دل چاہتا کہ ابا کے سامنے نہ جائیں- تیسرے یو چوتھے دن ابا مرحوم نے فرمایا، بیٹی یہاں آؤ- جان نکل گئی- ابا آگے آگے اور ہم پیچھے پیچھے- کمرہ میں قالین پر لے کر بیٹھ گئے- کچھ دیر صورت دیکھتے رہے - بڑے درد سے یہ پڑھا 
نہیں حاجت اسے زیور کی جسے خوبی خدا نے دی
اپنے میں خوبی پیدا کرو- کام پیارا ہوتا ہے صورت نہیں- جو حسن اور خوبصورتی سیرت سے.[ذندگی میں پیدا ہوتی ہے وہ زیور اور سولہ سنگھار سے نہیں ].......( اگلا صفحہ نہ مل سکا)

 [This is the page from my mother's diary. Unfortunately the next page is missing. Written around early 1965 when my mother was in her 30s with 4 kids]. 

She recalls bhabhi of her elder brother who had married an AngloIndian. Bhabhi used to do makeup and my mother then 10 put up her first makeup with lipstick. Her father noted that a couple of times and she was feeling apprehensive, then a few days later her father asked her to come to his room and sat down with her on carpet and gave her advice which ended with this
نہیں محتاج زیور کا جسے خوبی خدا نے دی-

Then partition happened, my mother and her siblings and my Nani migrated with nothing. My Nana died soon after and my mother n family till 1950s were hand to mouth. My mother and khalas used to have just couple of clothes. One was being washed while the other was being worn. Even after marriage my mother with my father had meagre resources. Never had the luxury of "makeup". Once in early 1970s my mother showed me the makeup set still within the original box with empty bottles in velvety receptacles that she got as marriage present. I recall it was of "Evening in Paris" with beautiful case and beautiful blue glass bottles, containers. Note plastic utensils were not used then. She had gotten it as present after marriage in 1951.  I think that was the only luxury she had. I never saw my mother putting up a makeup, and never saw her complaining about anything that she did not have. She was deeply religious. We were lower middle class till 1980s. I heard several times my mother giving the same advice to my four sisters, individually at different times before their marriage, that she got from her father
نہیں محتاج زیور کا جسے خوبی خدا نے دی
Although I heard them complaining, putting forward the pleas that times have changed. And that my mother is not aware of the ways of the cities and of the new world. It is not like  the old times of her days, etc. Twenty years have passed since  my mother's death. I saw my four sisters who all are now in upper middle class to upper class strata, transmitting the same values and same advice to their daughters before their marriage and now their daughters' daughters who are getting to the marriage able ages.

I also got this same advice from my mother when I was a child and wanted some new expensive shoes. I have transmitted it to my children too!

How impressionable is the child and how the legacy of such experiences transmits through generations.
May Allah give my parents the best of abodes in the hereafter. Aameen.

Saturday, April 3, 2021

History of PKR Pakistani Rupee

چمڑی جاۓ پر دمڑی نہ جاۓ

دمڑی نہ جائے چاہے چمڑی جائے۔
دمڑی کی بڑھیا ٹکہ سرمنڈائی۔
دمڑی کی بلبل ٹکا ہشکا ئی۔[1]
دمڑی کے تین تین۔
دمڑی کی آمدنی نہیں گھڑی بھر کی فرصت نہیں۔
دمڑی کی ہانڈی گئی کتوں کی ذات پہچانی گئی۔
اونٹ دمڑی کا اور دمڑی بھی پاس نہیں۔
دمڑی کی ہانڈی لیتے ہیں تو اسے بھی ٹھونک بجا کر لیتے ہیں۔
دمڑی کی دال بوا پتلی نہ ہو۔[2]

Saturday, March 27, 2021

My First Brush with Philosophy: A Tribute to Sir Nafees Siddiqui of ICB/IMS

I remember Sir Nafees Siddiqui who used to teach English at ICB/IMSB, G6/3,Islamabad. He didn't teach our class but we had the opportunity to be taught for a couple of class sessions when he came in to fill in for the absence of our regular teacher. Sir Nafees Siddiqui gave us our first introduction to philosophy and its terminology. He drew a vertical line at the center of blackboard to divide it into two columns. On left side he wrote physical, temporal, mundane, real, objective ... and on right words like metaphysical, transcendent, spiritual, abstract, subjective ,.. And then explained the terms and their difference which were instrumental in raising my awareness.

Tuesday, March 23, 2021

ICB/IMSB Teachers Autographs 1975-80

Tribute to my school teachers who laid the foundation for my learning at ICB (Islamabad Model School for Boys) G-6/3 near Covered Bazar/Melody. 
Autographs from 1975 and 1980:
Sir Ghalib Raza (Urdu) 
Sir Hanif Tahir (Maths) 
Sir Subhan Ullah (Geography)
Sir Rafique Malik (English)
Sir Jan e Alam (Urdu)
Sir Sabir Raza (Urdu)

I regret not having taken autographs on this autograph book from some other great teachers like Sir Saleem A Khan (Physics) , Sir Tanveer (Chemistry) , Sir Wajid Nawaz (Pak Studies) , Sir Muhammad Ahmed, (Technical Drawing), Sir Zafar Zaidi (Chemistry), Sir Arif Husain (islamiat) , Sir Shabihul Hasan (Biology)... But I do have reports with their comments and signatures 😊..

Thursday, March 18, 2021

Social Media and Medium is the message

ٹیکنالوجی نے اب اتنی زیادہ ترقی کر لی ہے کہ عام عوام نے کتابیں "پڑھنے لکھنے" کی صلاحیتیں چھوڑ کر 1435 کی گٹنبرگ پرنٹنگ پریس کی ایجاد سے قبل کے زمانے کی عوام کی طرح صرف "دیکھنے سننے" کی صلاحیتوں تک محدود کر دیا ہے!
انسٹاگرام ٹک ٹاک جنریشن کو مبارکباد

FB is not a medium but message itself? tiktok is not a medium but message itself? Instagram is not a medium but message itself? Is technology value neutral or does it bring its own values?

"Medium is the message" Marshal Luhan observed this phenomenon in TV, radio, movies, newspapers. Now this observation is clearly visible in different media now available such as FB, Twitter, Instagram, LinkedIn etc.
McLuhan in his 1964 book uses the term 'message' to signify content and character. The content of the medium is a message that can be easily grasped and the character of the medium is another message which can be easily overlooked. McLuhan says "Indeed, it is only too typical that the 'content' of any medium blinds us to the character of the medium". For McLuhan, it was the medium itself that shaped and controlled "the scale and form of human association and action".[4] Taking the movie as an example, he argued that the way this medium played with conceptions of speed and time transformed "the world of sequence and connections into the world of creative configuration and structure".[5] Therefore, the message of the movie medium is this transition from "lineal connections" to "configurations".[5] Extending the argument for understanding the medium as the message itself, he proposed that the "content of any medium is always another medium"[6] – thus, speech is the content of writing, writing is the content of print, and print itself is the content of the telegraph."

There is substantial research now which indicates technology brings its own values and it rejects the earlier notion of technology being value neutral. For example you can say things on Facebook which you will not say in an email. And you can write certain things in chat which you will not write an email. Also you can say things in an email that you will not say on phone call. There are things that you can say in phone call which you will not say in person.
Similarly, what you can see in a youtube video, you will not see in a cinema hall,.....

 what Marshal Luhan says is that the medium is so impactful that voice of the content is drowned by the medium

yes that's why I said it is part of context.. and effects the message, intended message precisely BUT not the message per se.. You see same has been true in retrospect in all times.. For eg writing on bones with charcoal to writing on tablet with quills, then on paper with fountain pen, then ball point... All methods and media brought substantial changes in handwritings, and hence also carried noticable effects on message because handwriting reflects the inner psychological context of the writer.. like body language carries in verbal communication.. Jab bhi to log ye hi kehte the email typing mein wo bat nahi.. Because handwritings personal touch is gone.. TRUE.. اب ye to ہوگا.. but saying medium is the message is misleading in my opinion.

there is substantial research now which indicates technology brings its own values and it rejects the earlier notion of technology being value neutral. For example you can say things on Facebook which you will not say in an email. And you can write certain things in chat which you will not write an email. Also you can say things in an email that you will not say on phone call. There are things that you can say in phone call which you will not say in person.
Similarly, what you can see in a youtube video, 
you will not see in a cinema hall,.....

Medium is the message. SMS/texting is only suitable for short messages that were exchanged via telegram like short messages that have urgency such as informing about death, arrival, departure, rendezvous, change in meeting time, an emergency, hospitalization, congratulations on success, death info, condolence, receipt, acknowledgement of communication confirmation , etc. It is totally inappropriate for sharing your profound thoughts, intense grief, expectations, disappointments, future plans, major life decisions, etc.

People are getting their love accepted, getting committed and even great break ups through SMS, this cannot always be misinterpretation :) many hidden love affairs are also making love through these messages. We can't call them misinterpretation completely

Mohammad Ayub Latif my point is that medium
 being an overpowering message will dilute and misconstrue your deeper messages. Why do you think the Hidaya Academy students were sitting on the floor during the awards. The medium (seating structure) through which you go for the award is an overpowering message. Similarly, SMS has its intrinsic message which overpowers what the content means. It is constrained by the structure of device, word count limits, sequence in which you see the messages, the hierarchy of display etc is similar in impact to whether the talaba are sitting on floor or on chairs/sofas

People are getting their love accepted, getting committed and even great break ups through SMS, this cannot always be misinterpretation :) many hidden love affairs are also making love through these messages. We can't call them misinterpretation completely

Irfan Hyder yes boss agreed and I think the floor seating shows more of learning attitude and also gives the message that asatza and akabareen are Afzal 
Q: But Sir why then writing on social media books npapers etc has such profound effect even tweets, even official matters even arguments by lawyers to great extent, but when it comes to messages why we deem it so useless...

A: Problems are often too complex. For example, Twitter is simply a soundbite. When you reduce a complex issue to a tweet of one sentence consisting of max 280 letters, you have to reduce the complexity arbitrarily to a simplicity which does not do justice to the problem and you are forced to come up with slogans or simplification that can not withstand the complexity of real life. This is what happened to Trump's messages and also IK's messages. They were forced to reduce complex problems to simple soundbites that they were not. Extremist and fringe thoughts of populace pulled the message in their direction. Message got reduced to satisfying the simplistic mind. Nature of Twitter medium focusing on count of subscribers and count of likes forced the message to be  reduced to satisfying the simplistic mind only. Once in power, reality exposed the impossibility of their soundbites! 1 crore jobs, 50 lacs home, Mexico border wall.... See the devastation in both countries