Sunday, June 2, 2019

An Eyewitness Account of Justice Munir's Doctrine of Necessity Judgement by Mr Ashraf Janjua

Justice Munir's Doctrine of Necessity Judgment is the most important single event in the history of Pakistan. The costs of Justice Munir's Doctrine of Necessity have been 4 Martial Laws and 35 years of direct dictatorships. The remaining years of Pakistan's existence have been spent fighting the booby traps inserted in the constitution by the dictators that throttle and strangulate the s/elected governments and keep on exploding every few years keeping Pakistan in a perpetual ICU emergency.
Mr Ashraf Janjua

Here is an eyewitness account by octogenarian Mr Ashraf Janjua who had been Deputy Governor SBP, and Dean and Professor at IoBM Karachi. He is also the author of a multi-volume history of State Bank of Pakistan. This is taken from his recent comments on my facebook post on political engineering that led to the judgment:
[Begin Quote]
Maulvi Tamizuddin was the speaker of the Constituent Assembly that was dissolved by the Governor General Ghulam Mohmmad. He was Governor General of Pakistan from 1951 to 1955. Maulvi Tamizuddin had challenged the GG’s decision to dissolve the assembly in Sindh High Court and had won the case. On appeal by the government, the case was heard in the Federal Court (renamed later on as Supreme Court) during 1955.
My memory is no longer as sharp as it used to be, but I remember distinctly that people could sense that there was something important about Maulvi Tamizuddin Case. During the hearings, first thing everyone would look for in the morning newspaper was the news about the proceedings of the Maulvi Tamizuddin case in the court.  
I listened to the proceedings of this case in the then Federal Court (before it was renamed as Supreme Court) in Lahore. A few students from Economics Department of Punjab University including myself sat in the gallery of the court for a few hours in May of 1955. During these hours Maulvi Tamizuddin was represented by Hamidul Haq Chowdhery and a British advocate named Mr Pritt, the latter was willing to fight for Democracy anywhere in the world without charging any fees. 
I remember many details of that hearing. One worth sharing with readers is that in his presentation,  Hamidul Haq Chowdhery used the word dishonest for the Governor General. On hearing this, CJ Munir lost his cool and said,”Mr Chowdhery you have used the word dishonest for the Governor General twice, if you use it again you will no longer be at the bar”. Mr Chowdhery apologized profusely. 
The five judges of the Federal (Supreme) Court at that time were Justices Mohammad Munir, Justice A. R. Cornileus, Justice S.A Rahman, Justice Mohammad Sharif and Justice Mohammad Akram. The first three were in the same order of seniority. May be Justice Shahbuddin was replaced by Justice Mohammad Akram or Justice Mohammad Sharif[1], I have no idea. I could identify Justice Mohammad Sharif on the Bench because as early as early as April 1951, I had received a prize from his hand as he was the Chief Guest in the annual prize distribution at Government College, Chakwal. I am not sure but I think at that time he was on the Bench of Punjab High Court. 
I recall that once all the judges retired to an ante room perhaps for consultation, and after a few minutes asked the messenger to get them a book placed on a table before the judges. Again, the proceedings continued. When the decision was announced the reaction was mixed. I have hazy recollection that Daily Dawn came out against it. But some of my fellow students said, "A decision against GG would have meant Martial Law.”
These are some of my recollections.
[End Quote]
[1] Justice Shahabuddin was actually replaced by Justice Mohammad Akram. The story of this replacement is part of the political engineering as detailed in my post Doctrine of Necessity, DoN godfathers Political Engineering of the SC Bench to Obtain Doctrine of Necessity Judgement

Mr Ashraf Janjua's Profile

Mr. M. Ashraf Janjua served as Chief Economic Advisor of State Bank of Pakistan from 1995 to 2004. Mr. Janjua joined the State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) in 1966 and served as a Deputy Governor of Policy at SBP from 1992 to 1995. Prior to that, he served at Pakistan Institute of Development Economics as a Research Economist and at Pakistan Development Review as an Associate Editor. He served as an Independent Director of Atlas Asset Management Limited at Atlas Fund of Funds from September 11, 2008 to October 29, 2012. He served as an Executive Director for Pakistan at the International Monetary Fund, Washington from 1979 to 1983. Amongst other research works, he is the author of History of State Bank of Pakistan - Volume III (1977-78), and Volume IV (1988 - 2003). He was a Senior Fellow with the rank of Professor of Economics and the Dean of College of Business Management in Karachi. He holds a Masters degree in Economics from Government College Lahore at Punjab University and a Masters degree in Development Economics from the Williams College in USA. Mr. Janjua has also done one year's graduate work at the Stanford University in California, USA.

Other posts related to Doctrine of Necessity:


Thursday, April 25, 2019

Corruption is a cause or symptom of Government Inefficiency- Challenge for Imran Khan

Asad Umar putting up a great fight against the vested interests in the country,  and IK buckling under pressure is a very simplistic explanation of a more fundamental issue plaguing our governance: The fundamental issue at stake is the debunking of the fallacious assumption that "corruption is the  primary reason for our economic downslide".  Asad Umar's economic performance demonstrates the negation of this fallacious assumption. Corruption is not the cause, but "incompetence" of the Competent Authority is the primary cause of our economic downslide. Corruption is only a symptom but definitely not the cause. Hence, presence of smart, forthright but incompetent leaders has further plunged the country into an abyss.

Corruption exists because the bureaucracy continues to make rules and regulations that are in the form of notifications spread over last seven decades and burried in files which are not known in their entirety to even the most senior bureaucrats. Bureaucracy can pull out a notification of their choice from this maze at will to justify any decision or to block any process at will. Kickbacks are the only wheels through which files can travel through this maze. The solution is not to go after corruption with NAB sledgehammer as it effectively grinds to the halt all bureaucracy, as is the case today. But the solution is massive BPR (Business Process Re-engineering) and change management. This requires compilation of all the notification in one place and (i) their organization and then (ii) their simplification as per Hammer and Champy's BPR definition, (iv)  automation i.e computerized movement of all files and notes, and  then their (v) transparency ie visibility of approval process, noting, decisions at every step to all stakeholders.

This is a hugely complex, tedious and difficult project. Even Dr Ishrat's public service reforms project is tweaking the "structure" but ignoring the "processes". It is going to fail like all other previous efforts because of (1) change resistance, (2) it does not address the core issue of BPR.

Sunday, April 14, 2019

Iqbal and Ahmedis and Qadianis

ایک پوسٹ کے جواب میں، جس میں قادیانیوں کی حمایت کی بو محسوس ہوئی،
چند نکات پیش کررہا ہوں، امید ہے ٹھنڈے دل سے غور فرمائیں گے، حالاں کہ قادیانیوں کے معاملے پر مجھے یا ملت اسلامیہ پاکستان کو مزید کسی دلیل کی ضرورت نہیں، کہ انہیں ملک کا اعلی ترین ادارہ پارلیمنٹ غیر مسلم قرار دے چکا ہے۔  سو عوام کی اجتماعی دانش پر آپ کا سوال اٹھانا سمجھ سے بالا تر ہے-

علامہ اقبال نے 1902ء میں انجمن حمایت اسلام کے جلسے میں مرزا قادیانی کے دعویٰ نبوت کو جھٹلاتے ہوئے کہا کہ:
اے کہ بعداز تو نبوت شد بہ ہر مفہوم شرک      
بزم را روشن ز نور شمع عرفان کردہ

’’سرور رفتہ‘‘ میں صفحہ 30 پرغلام رسول مہر نے ایک نوٹ میں کہا ہے کہ یہ 1902ء کا کلام ہے اور ظاہر ہے کہ اس کے لکھنے کی ضرورت مرزا غلام احمد قادیانی کے دعویٰ بروزیت کی بنا پر ہوئی۔ یعنی کہتے ہیں کہ تیرے بعد نبوت کا دعویٰ ہر لحاظ سے شرک فی النبوت ہے۔ خواہ اس کا مفہوم کوئی ہو۔ یعنی ظلی اور بروزی نبوت بھی اس سے باہر نہیں۔

1903ء کے انجمن حمایت اسلام کے جلسے میں ’’فریاد امت‘‘ منعقدہ مارچ 1903ء میں اقبال نے ایک نظم پڑھی جس کا دوسرا عنوان ا برگہربار تھا۔ اس میں انہوں نے یہ شعر پڑھا۔
مجھ کو انکار نہیں آمد مہدی سے مگر            
غیر ممکن ہے کوئی مثل ہو پیدا تیرا

1914ء …میں اقبال نے لکھا کہ قادیانی جماعت نبی اکرم ؐ کے بعد نبوت کی قائل ہے تو ہ دائرہ اسلام سے خارج ہے۔

1915ء …میں رموز بے خودی شائع ہوئی۔ اقبال نے عقیدہ ختم نبوت کا واشگاف اعلان کیا:
پس خدا برماشریعت ختم کرو             بررسول ما رسالت ختم کرو
لا نبی بعدی ز احسان خدا است            پردہ ناموس دین مصطفی است
حق تعالیٰ نقش ہر دعویٰ شکست         تا ابد اسلام را شیرازہ بست

اقبال نے 1916ء میں ایک بیان میں کہا: ’’جو شخص نبی اکرم صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کے بعد کسی ایسے نبی کا قائل ہوجس کا انکار مستلزم کفر ہو تووہ خارج از اسلام ہوگا۔ اگر قادیانی جماعت کا بھی یہی عقیدہ ہے تو وہ بھی دائرہ اسلام سے خارج ہے‘‘۔

1935ء…اقبال نے ضرب کلیم میں اپنی نظم جہاد میں قادیانیوں پر تنقید کی:
فتویٰ ہے شیخ کا یہ زمانہ قلم کا ہے
دنیا میں اب رہی نہیں تلوار کارگر
ہم پوچھتے ہیں شیخ کلیسا نواز سے
مشرق میں جنگ شر ہے تو مغرب میں بھی ہے شر
حق سے اگر غرض ہے تو زیبا ہے کیا یہ بات
اسلام کا محاسبہ، یورپ سے درگزر

پس چہ باید کرد 1936ء میں شائع ہوئی۔ اقبال لکھتے ہیں:
عصر من پیغمبرے ہم آفرید  
آنکہ در قرآں بغیر از خود ندید

شیخ او مرد فرنگی را مرید
گرچہ گوید از مقام بایزید

گفت دیں را رونق ز محکومی است    
زندگانی از خودی محرومی است

دولت اغیار را رحمت شمرد 
رقص ہا گرد کلیسا کرد و مرد

اقبال نے نہرو کو جو خط کا جواب دیا اس کے مندرجات بھی ملاحظہ فرمائیں-
اقبال نے اپنی ایک بیان میں نہایت مضبوط اور قطعی لہجے میں مرزائیت کے باطل ہونے کا اعلان کیا اور مرزا غلام احمد قادیانی کو جھوٹا نبی قرار دیا اور انہیں اسلام اور ہندوستان کا غدار قرار دیا۔
اس پر پنڈت نہرو نے اقبال کے نام خط لکھا، جس میں کہا کہ یہ تو مولویوں کا ایشو ہے، آپ جیسا سمجھدار، پڑھا لکھا شخص کس طرح ایسی سخت بات کر سکتا ہے قادیانی حضرات کے بارے میں ، اس پر نظر ثانی کریں۔ اقبال نے جوابی خط میں تین باتیں کہیں:
پہلے تو یہ لکھا کہ آپ لوگ یعنی ہندو، نبوت صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کے مقام کی تفہیم کر ہی نہیں سکتے ، اندازہ بھی نہیں آپ لوگوں کہ سرکار مدینہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کا کیا مقام ہے۔
دوسرا رسالت اسلام کا مرکزی عقیدہ ہے، جو ختم نبوت کا قائل نہیں، وہ کافر ہے ۔
تیسری بات یہ کہ معاملہ آج کا نہیں، آج تو ہم لوگ مرزائیت کے حوالے سے دھوکا نہیں کھائیں گے، معاملہ مستقبل کا ہے۔
اگر آج اسے یعنی قادیانی گروہ کو دوسرے مسلمانوں سے الگ نہ کیا گیا تو پچاس سال بعد بہت لوگ دھوکا کھا سکتے ہیں
از افادات ڈاکٹر وحید عشرت، محمد عامر ہاشم خاکوانی

ابھی صرف اقبال کے حوالے سے گزارشات کی ہیں، امید ہے اس پر سوچ بچار فرمائیں گے- اقبال مولوی نہیں تھے- اس وطن کا خواب انہی کا مرہونِ منت ہے۔ کہیں گے تو پھر یحییٰ بختیار کی قومی اسمبلی میں تقریر بھی شیئر کردوں- وہ بھٹو صاحب کی پارٹی کی اکثریت والی اسمبلی تھی۔ بھٹو صاحب اور پیپلز پارٹی والے بھی مولوی نہیں تھے۔
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Iqbal and Ahmedis and Qadianis

ایک پوسٹ کے جواب میں، جس میں قادیانیوں کی حمایت کی بو محسوس ہوئی،
چند نکات پیش کررہا ہوں، امید ہے ٹھنڈے دل سے غور فرمائیں گے، حالاں کہ قادیانیوں کے معاملے پر مجھے یا ملت اسلامیہ پاکستان کو مزید کسی دلیل کی ضرورت نہیں، کہ انہیں ملک کا اعلی ترین ادارہ پارلیمنٹ غیر مسلم قرار دے چکا ہے۔  سو عوام کی اجتماعی دانش پر آپ کا سوال اٹھانا سمجھ سے بالا تر ہے-

علامہ اقبال نے 1902ء میں انجمن حمایت اسلام کے جلسے میں مرزا قادیانی کے دعویٰ نبوت کو جھٹلاتے ہوئے کہا کہ:
اے کہ بعداز تو نبوت شد بہ ہر مفہوم شرک      
بزم را روشن ز نور شمع عرفان کردہ

’’سرور رفتہ‘‘ میں صفحہ 30 پرغلام رسول مہر نے ایک نوٹ میں کہا ہے کہ یہ 1902ء کا کلام ہے اور ظاہر ہے کہ اس کے لکھنے کی ضرورت مرزا غلام احمد قادیانی کے دعویٰ بروزیت کی بنا پر ہوئی۔ یعنی کہتے ہیں کہ تیرے بعد نبوت کا دعویٰ ہر لحاظ سے شرک فی النبوت ہے۔ خواہ اس کا مفہوم کوئی ہو۔ یعنی ظلی اور بروزی نبوت بھی اس سے باہر نہیں۔

1903ء کے انجمن حمایت اسلام کے جلسے میں ’’فریاد امت‘‘ منعقدہ مارچ 1903ء میں اقبال نے ایک نظم پڑھی جس کا دوسرا عنوان ا برگہربار تھا۔ اس میں انہوں نے یہ شعر پڑھا۔
مجھ کو انکار نہیں آمد مہدی سے مگر            
غیر ممکن ہے کوئی مثل ہو پیدا تیرا

1914ء …میں اقبال نے لکھا کہ قادیانی جماعت نبی اکرم ؐ کے بعد نبوت کی قائل ہے تو ہ دائرہ اسلام سے خارج ہے۔

1915ء …میں رموز بے خودی شائع ہوئی۔ اقبال نے عقیدہ ختم نبوت کا واشگاف اعلان کیا:
پس خدا برماشریعت ختم کرو             بررسول ما رسالت ختم کرو
لا نبی بعدی ز احسان خدا است            پردہ ناموس دین مصطفی است
حق تعالیٰ نقش ہر دعویٰ شکست         تا ابد اسلام را شیرازہ بست

اقبال نے 1916ء میں ایک بیان میں کہا: ’’جو شخص نبی اکرم صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کے بعد کسی ایسے نبی کا قائل ہوجس کا انکار مستلزم کفر ہو تووہ خارج از اسلام ہوگا۔ اگر قادیانی جماعت کا بھی یہی عقیدہ ہے تو وہ بھی دائرہ اسلام سے خارج ہے‘‘۔

1935ء…اقبال نے ضرب کلیم میں اپنی نظم جہاد میں قادیانیوں پر تنقید کی:
فتویٰ ہے شیخ کا یہ زمانہ قلم کا ہے
دنیا میں اب رہی نہیں تلوار کارگر
ہم پوچھتے ہیں شیخ کلیسا نواز سے
مشرق میں جنگ شر ہے تو مغرب میں بھی ہے شر
حق سے اگر غرض ہے تو زیبا ہے کیا یہ بات
اسلام کا محاسبہ، یورپ سے درگزر

پس چہ باید کرد 1936ء میں شائع ہوئی۔ اقبال لکھتے ہیں:
عصر من پیغمبرے ہم آفرید  
آنکہ در قرآں بغیر از خود ندید

شیخ او مرد فرنگی را مرید
گرچہ گوید از مقام بایزید

گفت دیں را رونق ز محکومی است    
زندگانی از خودی محرومی است

دولت اغیار را رحمت شمرد 
رقص ہا گرد کلیسا کرد و مرد

اقبال نے نہرو کو جو خط کا جواب دیا اس کے مندرجات بھی ملاحظہ فرمائیں-
اقبال نے اپنی ایک بیان میں نہایت مضبوط اور قطعی لہجے میں مرزائیت کے باطل ہونے کا اعلان کیا اور مرزا غلام احمد قادیانی کو جھوٹا نبی قرار دیا اور انہیں اسلام اور ہندوستان کا غدار قرار دیا۔
اس پر پنڈت نہرو نے اقبال کے نام خط لکھا، جس میں کہا کہ یہ تو مولویوں کا ایشو ہے، آپ جیسا سمجھدار، پڑھا لکھا شخص کس طرح ایسی سخت بات کر سکتا ہے قادیانی حضرات کے بارے میں ، اس پر نظر ثانی کریں۔ اقبال نے جوابی خط میں تین باتیں کہیں:
پہلے تو یہ لکھا کہ آپ لوگ یعنی ہندو، نبوت صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کے مقام کی تفہیم کر ہی نہیں سکتے ، اندازہ بھی نہیں آپ لوگوں کہ سرکار مدینہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کا کیا مقام ہے۔
دوسرا رسالت اسلام کا مرکزی عقیدہ ہے، جو ختم نبوت کا قائل نہیں، وہ کافر ہے ۔
تیسری بات یہ کہ معاملہ آج کا نہیں، آج تو ہم لوگ مرزائیت کے حوالے سے دھوکا نہیں کھائیں گے، معاملہ مستقبل کا ہے۔
اگر آج اسے یعنی قادیانی گروہ کو دوسرے مسلمانوں سے الگ نہ کیا گیا تو پچاس سال بعد بہت لوگ دھوکا کھا سکتے ہیں
از افادات ڈاکٹر وحید عشرت، محمد عامر ہاشم خاکوانی

ابھی صرف اقبال کے حوالے سے گزارشات کی ہیں، امید ہے اس پر سوچ بچار فرمائیں گے- اقبال مولوی نہیں تھے- اس وطن کا خواب انہی کا مرہونِ منت ہے۔ کہیں گے تو پھر یحییٰ بختیار کی قومی اسمبلی میں تقریر بھی شیئر کردوں- وہ بھٹو صاحب کی پارٹی کی اکثریت والی اسمبلی تھی۔ بھٹو صاحب اور پیپلز پارٹی والے بھی مولوی نہیں تھے۔
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Tuesday, April 9, 2019

Why Bhutto is Alive: Political Engineering of SC and HC bench and decisions

بھٹو کیوں ذندہ ہے
Why Bhutto is alive? Bhutto is alive because political engineering that leads to (1) removal of PMs, (2) violation of constitution and law, and (3) manipulation of judicial benches is alive and kicking in Pakistan as it happened with ZAB during 1977-99 leading to the execution of Bhutto on 4th April 1979, 40 years ago. DoN (Doctrine of Necessity) dictators in cahoot with weak and spineless judges continue to play the charade since 1950s to usurp power and to serve their vested interests through politically engineered premature terminations of 16 civilian prime ministers, which also includes the judicial murder of ZAB  (Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto).

DoN (Doctrine of Necessity) godfather Dictator Gen Zia usurps power on July 5,1977: He proclaims martial law, violates and shreds the constitution, imprisons ZAB using doctrine of necessity, and makes a travesty of law and justice. He then appeases the judges by appointing the provincial chief justices as ceremonial governors of their provinces. He then starts to mutilate constitution by adding and removing clauses at will. Using such alterations he removes two clauses of the constitution that enable him to remove CJP. He then replaces him with Justice Anwarul Haq who harbored a grudge against Bhutto because he had superseded him with Justice Yaqub when he was elevated as CJP. He then installs Molvi Mushtaq as Chief Justice Lahore High Court. Interestingly enough he too harbored a grudge against Bhutto. General Zia then goes on to politically engineer Lahore High Court bench and Supreme Court bench with judges of his choice. In doing so he excludes independent minded judges from the benches. He removes the judges who he feared were moving towards an independent view as ascertained from their remarks. The SC bench of 9 hearing Bhutto's case is then artificially reduced to 7 judges. ZAB is hanged by a 4-3 decision with 4 judges from Punjab in favor of hanging against 3 judges from minority provinces who were not in favor. The agreed upon judgment drafted by judges was changed, records tampered, witnesses statements and evidence were altered, ignored,... .
A fit case to be labeled as judicial murder with a notorious judgment that no one has cited since or has ever been used as a precedent in any court of law...
[Source: See Hamid Khan's "A History of the Judiciary in Pakistan", OUP, 2016 for details of each of these points.]

This is the story of mutilation of constitution and political engineering of supreme court benches which has been repeated each time people's rights were trampled in the removal of their  representatives. Each such removal has simply served the neocolonialism interests, and has plunged Pakistan from one emergency to another and has keept Pakistan perpetually in the emergency of an ICU. It has effectively terminated and neutered anyone who has worked for people, fought for their rights, worked for economy and/or nuclear program. ZAB is a symbol, metaphor and a classic case of how this political engineering happens in Pakistan, and has been sustained starting from 1951 termination of Liaquat Ali Khan till the latest termination of Nawaz Sharif in August 2017.

See Also:


Sunday, January 27, 2019

Why there are so many intelligence and investigation agencies in Pakistan

Why in Pakistan we have so many investigation agencies and intelligence agencies? These include Police, FIA, NAB, CID, ISI, SIU, IB, CTD, Sp Br, ATF, MI, ISPR, FBR, JIT,...

Our history tells us that the more such agencies, the more had been an increase in corruption and law breaking. 

Here is an extension of the Aesop's fable that I read in my childhood: There was once a Groom who had the charge of the favorite horse of a King. The groom used to spend long hours clipping and combing the favorite Horse, but who daily stole a portion of his allowance of the horse food, and sold it for his own profit. The condition of the Horse gradually worsened. The king got suspicious and appointed a person to oversee whether the horse is being given its daily allowance. The king noted that instead of the horse getting better, it started worsening faster than previously. The king surmised that the person he has appointed is in cahoot with the groom and is also embezzling the food. The king therefore decided to appoint another person to oversee the first person he had appointed to oversee the groom. After the appointment of the second person, the king noticed that the horse's condition started to deteriorate at a much faster rater than previously. Thereafter, the king appointed another person to oversee the second person he appointed to oversee the first person who was appointed to oversee the groom who was suspected of embezzling the food. The appointed of the third person had an immediate effect and the horse died in a couple of days. 

Moral of the story is that appointing overseers over the overseer will only make the matters worse. 

This is the story of creation of one investigation agency to oversee another investigation agency to oversee another and so on to the investigation agency that is the police. The situation of the country has continued to dwindle more and more with the appointment of each new investigation agency.

Why there is such a widespread epidemic of depression and psychosis in the world?

Why there is such a widespread epidemic of depression and psychosis in the world?
Too much change, happening too fast and robbing us of the familiar anchors in life; anchors in beliefs, anchors in thoughts, anchors in our habits, anchors in families, anchors in "Old Familiar Faces",  anchors in furniture and household items, anchors in neighborhood.
I wrote this post based on my deep contemplations on Future Shock which is a 1970 book by the futurists Alvin Toffler,[1] which defines the term "future shock" as a certain psychological state of individuals and entire societies emanating from personal perceptions of "too much change in too short a period of time". The book has sold over 6 million copies and has been widely translated.
Modern man feels shock from rapid changes. For example, when we go to our childhood neighborhood, we find nothing that is familiar; the corner shop which was there for decades is no more.  Our grandfather clock is now just a disposable digital clock, long gone. We don't even need a clock. Our corner hair cutting shop is not there. This was a place where we had been going since childhood to get the neighborhood updates. Our neighborhood has been uprooted. Neither there are erstwhile neighbors nor the old homes which we frequented. Old houses have been uprooted, replaced by hideous lifeless structures. Our household items are all disposable even the furniture is disposable. There is no antique rocking chair that was used by our grandfather or his father. Our relationships are now disposable, our relatives are disposable, our parents and children are disposable, not to speak of our extended family members,. Our professions, our skills, our jobs are all disposable....

Humans cannot and will not be able to withstand this accelarating change at breakneck speed leading to psychosis and depression whose prevalence is increasing with the accelarating changes in our life.
I think the loss of one solid Anchor,  the One and only One, who has been immutable from day One, who never changes from eternity to the eternity, all powerful,  is one of the most potent source of stress. 

ڈپریشن کا تعلق ایمان کی کمزوری سے ہے! 
ایمان باللہ کی کمزوری اور ایمان بالقدر یعنی "خیر و شر اللہ کی طرف سے ہے" کی کمزوری
Meaning that our faith in the Almighty and faith in our Destiny makes us weather many a storms, setbacks and disappointments of life. It is these that contribute to alleviating stress.
Also "our quest for more and more has plunged us in to a devastating state"
الھاکم التکاثر
This verse from Surah Takasur  in Muhammad Asad's book Road to Mecca became a trigger for his conversion to Islam from Leopold Weiss in 1920-30s.

This strife for more and more, and lack of gratitude on what we already have creates great stress in our lives. [ref Covey's Principle Centered Leadership]
A person who believes in the following ayah,
عسی ان تکرھو شئ وھو خیر الکم وعسی ان تحبو شئ وھو شر الکم ۔

will start feeling less stressful about the happenings on which he doesn't have control.

From Wikipedia description of Future Shock:
For example, Toffler's daughter went to shop in New York City and she couldn't find a shop in its previous location. Thus New York has become a city without a history. The urban population doubles every 11 years. The overall production of goods and services doubles each 50 years in developed countries. Society experiences an increasing number of changes with an increasing rapidity, while people are losing the familiarity that old institutions (religion, family, national identity, profession) once provided. The so-called "brain drain" – the emigration of European scientists to the United States – is both an indicator of the changes in society and also one of their causes.
Many goods have become disposable as the cost of manual repair or cleaning has become greater than the cost of making new goods due to mass production. Examples of disposable goods include ballpoint pens, lighters, plastic bottles, and paper towels.
The design of goods becomes outdated quickly. (And so, for example, a second generation of computers appears before the end of the expected period of usability of the first generation). It is possible to rent almost everything (from a ladder to a wedding dress), thus eliminating the need for ownership.
Whole branches of industry die off and new branches of industry arise. This affects unskilled workers who are compelled to change their residence to find new jobs. The constant change in the market also poses a problem for advertisers who must deal with moving targets.
People of post-industrial society change their profession and their workplace often. People have to change professions because professions quickly become outdated. People of post-industrial society thus have many careers in a lifetime. The knowledge of an engineer becomes outdated in ten years. People look more and more for temporary jobs.
To follow transient jobs, people have become nomads. For example, immigrants from Algeria, Turkey and other countries go to Europe to find work. Transient people are forced to change residence, phone number, school, friends, car license, and contact with family often. As a result, relationships tend to be superficial with a large number of people, instead of being intimate or close relationships that are more stable. Evidence for this is tourist travel and holiday romances.
The driver's license, received at age 16, has become the teenager's admission to the world of adults, because it symbolizes the ability to move independently.
Death of Permanence. The post industrial society will be marked by a transient culture where everything ranging from goods to human relationships will be temporary.

Friday, January 25, 2019

How to help poor in supporting their marriage costs

I find several NGO initiatives that would like to help the poor in supporting the expenses of the marriages of their daughters. I appreciate their energy and enthusiasm, but feel that there initiative is misplaced and directed not at the cause by the symptom. At best collecting donations for marriage purposes and helping the poor in marrying off their daughters is at most a band-aid or a sani-plast solution. It is not a long term solution. The objective of a foundation or an NGO should be to create a culture where marriage costs are low. Why there is such a mad race to spend exorbitant amount on marriages. Our objective should be to try and make Halal (marriage) cost a fraction of haram (zina). This is also support by the traditions of our Holy Prophet. However, our society is going in the other direction where halal (marriage) costs are running into millions and haram (zina) costs are reducing and are in thousands or a few lacs. We need to create awareness, appreciation of low cost marriages. Need to identify and stimulate rich people who are willing to become role model for this purpose. Development of such a culture is a worthwhile objective and yield much longer term solution to this problem. 

Sunday, January 20, 2019

What is meant by Aala Zarf اعلی ظرف

ظرف  =    Zarf means capacity to hold
As in a jug or a container. Magnanimity 
It denotes the capacity to hold when Allah gives some person His bounties and blessings. What is the capacity of that person to hold that bounty or blessing without spilling. Zarf is therefore the capacity to hold a blessing from Allah such as power, or wealth, or beauty, or status, or command on language, etc.... 

A person with Aala Zarf can hold the blessing with magnanimity without spilling. Example: A typical کم ظرف، نو دو لتیا will spill the wealth with ostentatious displays, cheap and horrendous show offs. On the other hand, an  اعلی ظرف will judiciously spend the wealth for his own betterment and for the betterment of the others...
When a کم ظرف gets too much power, he will spill it through humiliating  بے عزتی and disrespecting of others, he will lash out with his tongue and actions without probity, introspection and judgment. A good example of today is the way our information minister Fawad Chaudhry lashes out on his opponents or more importantly Chief Justice Saqib Nisar. The latter's humiliation of respectable Senior Surgeon and social worker Dr Saeed Akhtar who was humiliated without considering his contributions to the society. 
المسلم من سلم المسلمون بالسان و یدہ

A person with Aala Zarf has a capacity that keeps expanding as more bounties are received so that his power to give to others increases without any spillage. This elasticity of the container is the measure of the ظرف

Saturday, January 12, 2019

Can a Child Learn a Foreign Language without obtaining full competency in First language

بچے کی زہنی نشو نما و خود اعتمادی کا گلا گھوٹنا ہو تو اس کو "پہلی زبان" پر دسترس ہونے سے قبل انگریزی زبان کے جبر میں قید کر دیں
From omer Dossani
Actually kids can learn multiple languages early in life a lot easier than later. But the downside is often that they take longer to speak.  Girls tend to do better than boys. I learned to speak two and understand a third language all before 3
Ans
the advantage of parents knowing multiple languages and sharing them with children will ONLY accrue after the child has obtained "full" competency in at least the "first" language in which parents, Grand parents, uncles, aunts, extended family, neighbors converse. By full competency i mean the child can understand a joke, crack a joke, relate a hilarious (make believe) experience that will make family members or friends burst out with laughter. Once a child has this level of competency in first language, then competency in any other language is a piece of cake. Without this level of competency in first language, gaining full competency in any other language is wishful thinking.

پہلی زبان
First language is the language in which the child opens his eyes and hear his parents speaking. It is the language with which the child learns to interact with parents, grandparents, brothers, sisters, neighbors and friends. Articulation of thoughts into words and sentences is a complex learning. Then development of verbal skills to express abstract and complex ideas and learning to crack jokes and appreciate humor are the most difficult skills. Once a child has reached this state, learning any other language is a piece of cake

From omer Dossani
Irfan, servents spoke Bengali, grandparents spoke Katchi mother and father spoke 40% Urdu and 60% English. So I cannot relate to what you are saying but maybe you are correct.  From the research done by TCF in Pakistan they strongly stand behind their committment to stick to Urdu as the medium of instruction based on research that shows that kids learn best in their native language and so far their students are doing well
Ans
Omer Dossani: Articulation of complex ideas requires complex linguistic skills. The added pressure of not having enough verbal skills in a foreign language, stultifies expression of complex ideas, destroying self confidence and impedes mental development. Once  complex verbal skills are fully developed in the first language, the child gains confidence to tackle any other language. Eg Schools where speaking in English is must, and the child is being bullied, the child is afraid and hesitant in complaining because the teacher will scold him for speaking wrong English instead of patiently trying to understand child's grievance. The child's emotions get strangulated and destroys his self confidence

Sunday, December 23, 2018

How to Eliminate Corruption in Pakistan: Simplicity and Transparency of Bureaucratic Procedures

Corruption is directly proportional to the complexity of  bureaucratic procedures and is inversely proportional to the transparency of bureaucratic procedures. The bureaucratic procedures are being made more complicated (eg. even a pencil purchase requires approval) and censorship is being imposed, which will further decrease transparency and will thus increase corruption. For a perfectly transparent process, Each and every step of the bureaucratic procedure must be transparent and visible on government websites for all cases without exception. All decisions for all cases must be visible to all.
Corruption is also dependent upon the bureaucratic paradigm: All developed countries with less corruption operate on the basis of "innocent unless proven guilty" paradigm. Hence their processes are simple and decision making is devolved and delegated to the operational level.
In Pakistan our operating bureaucratic paradigm is "guilty unless proven innocent". This is exemplified by the cjp's comment that even a "purchase of pencil will require judicial approval". With this paradigm, the bureaucratic processes become more hierarchical, centralized, slow and complicated. We are therefore destined to see the realization of our "self fulfilled prophecies" about corruption. Corruption will increase, not decrease. Hence, "guilty unless proven innocent" will only cause increase of corruption.  It will cause rate for bribe to increase.

Sunday, December 2, 2018

Is Criticism of Imran Khan as PM something new?

Saw this post: ‏عمران خان کا1،1دن گناجارہاہے
میں حیران ہوں اس ذہین ترین قوم پر پچھلے70سال کیسےگزرگئے
Here is the history for youth who do not read history. Pakistan has never been a bed of roses, even for military dictators. There were mass protests every year since 1950. Here are some from my memory: 1952 qadiani riots n Lahore Martial Law,  1954 bengal riots, 1955-7 five prime ministers changed, 1958 martial law, 1962 BD elections, 1964 Fatima Jinnah elections protests, 1965  Operation Gibraltar leading to war with India,  1967 Karachi language riots, 1969 sugar price hike riots, 1970-71 lost half Pakistan, 1972 Balochistan ptotests and language riots, 1973 anti qadiani movement,  and Pakistan constitution, 1974 mass protests, 1976-77 elections and pna movement closures for several months with curfew, 1977 gen Zia's martial law, 1979 Bhutto hanging closures, 1980-81 alzlfiqar, 1982-83mrd movement, 1985 till today nearly every week of every month there were mass killings, blasts, protests,...
(pl add and fill in the blanks in comments. I will update here)

Overcoming Forex/IMF Problem through Incentivizing Small Producers of Solar Energy

How to resolve Dollar PKR devaluation problem and avoid IMF loan.
I think PTI Imran Khan's strategy to focus on small producers has a lot of potential. Here is what can bring tabdeeli through massive generation of jobs and overcoming the foreign exchange issue of rising dollar and devaluation of rupee. I think experts in PTI with ability of out-of-the-box creative thinking must look at this proposal.
Solar incentives can create massive saving on the $10bn/yr oil-gas imports. It can create at least 2m home entrepreneurs and other supporting businesses along with pumping and generation of economic activity of Rs 4 trillion!
Instead of IMF bail out, PTI can go for a massive crowd funding investment in energy sector. Here is how:
PTI should give the same subsidy to home solar energy producers on self generation of solar energy and net metering equal to that offered to PPIs for energy generation from wind or gas. Government must ensure availability of low cost and high quality solar panels through Incentivizing their imports or their local production. I am sure at least 20 lac home owners can easily invest around Rs 20 lac each in solar generation for their homes with their surplus energy getting pumped into the grid. This is 20lacs x Rs 20lacs = Rs 4 trillion investment. It will generate 20 lac entrepreneurial jobs generated by home owners who have become self employed through this. In addition there would be at least 5 lacs to 1m support jobs of installers, maintainers, equipment traders, importers, suppliers. It will also say good bye to at least $4-5bn of imported oil n gas for energy sector. This is going to be a recurring saving and will substantially improve our balance of payment woes, strengthen the rupee, reduce devaluation. Furthermore, it will increase our self-worth, will reduce meddling of IMF and World Bank in the manipulation of our economy. We will also become resilient to single point of failures often witnessed due to the problems of distribution.
Who will lead the resistance to change. This is going to be Oil lobby who are going to scream and oppose this scheme. Oil and Gas Sector vested interests and IMF/World Bank type big lenders will be most worried and will try their bests to throttle the initiative.