Sunday, January 27, 2019

Why there are so many intelligence and investigation agencies in Pakistan

Why in Pakistan we have so many investigation agencies and intelligence agencies? These include Police, FIA, NAB, CID, ISI, SIU, IB, CTD, Sp Br, ATF, MI, ISPR, FBR, JIT,...

Our history tells us that the more such agencies, the more had been an increase in corruption and law breaking. 

Here is an extension of the Aesop's fable that I read in my childhood: There was once a Groom who had the charge of the favorite horse of a King. The groom used to spend long hours clipping and combing the favorite Horse, but who daily stole a portion of his allowance of the horse food, and sold it for his own profit. The condition of the Horse gradually worsened. The king got suspicious and appointed a person to oversee whether the horse is being given its daily allowance. The king noted that instead of the horse getting better, it started worsening faster than previously. The king surmised that the person he has appointed is in cahoot with the groom and is also embezzling the food. The king therefore decided to appoint another person to oversee the first person he had appointed to oversee the groom. After the appointment of the second person, the king noticed that the horse's condition started to deteriorate at a much faster rater than previously. Thereafter, the king appointed another person to oversee the second person he appointed to oversee the first person who was appointed to oversee the groom who was suspected of embezzling the food. The appointed of the third person had an immediate effect and the horse died in a couple of days. 

Moral of the story is that appointing overseers over the overseer will only make the matters worse. 

This is the story of creation of one investigation agency to oversee another investigation agency to oversee another and so on to the investigation agency that is the police. The situation of the country has continued to dwindle more and more with the appointment of each new investigation agency.

Why there is such a widespread epidemic of depression and psychosis in the world?

Why there is such a widespread epidemic of depression and psychosis in the world?
Too much change, happening too fast and robbing us of the familiar anchors in life; anchors in beliefs, anchors in thoughts, anchors in our habits, anchors in families, anchors in "Old Familiar Faces",  anchors in furniture and household items, anchors in neighborhood.
I wrote this post based on my deep contemplations on Future Shock which is a 1970 book by the futurists Alvin Toffler,[1] which defines the term "future shock" as a certain psychological state of individuals and entire societies emanating from personal perceptions of "too much change in too short a period of time". The book has sold over 6 million copies and has been widely translated.
Modern man feels shock from rapid changes. For example, when we go to our childhood neighborhood, we find nothing that is familiar; the corner shop which was there for decades is no more.  Our grandfather clock is now just a disposable digital clock, long gone. We don't even need a clock. Our corner hair cutting shop is not there. This was a place where we had been going since childhood to get the neighborhood updates. Our neighborhood has been uprooted. Neither there are erstwhile neighbors nor the old homes which we frequented. Old houses have been uprooted, replaced by hideous lifeless structures. Our household items are all disposable even the furniture is disposable. There is no antique rocking chair that was used by our grandfather or his father. Our relationships are now disposable, our relatives are disposable, our parents and children are disposable, not to speak of our extended family members,. Our professions, our skills, our jobs are all disposable....

Humans cannot and will not be able to withstand this accelarating change at breakneck speed leading to psychosis and depression whose prevalence is increasing with the accelarating changes in our life.
I think the loss of one solid Anchor,  the One and only One, who has been immutable from day One, who never changes from eternity to the eternity, all powerful,  is one of the most potent source of stress. 

ڈپریشن کا تعلق ایمان کی کمزوری سے ہے! 
ایمان باللہ کی کمزوری اور ایمان بالقدر یعنی "خیر و شر اللہ کی طرف سے ہے" کی کمزوری
Meaning that our faith in the Almighty and faith in our Destiny makes us weather many a storms, setbacks and disappointments of life. It is these that contribute to alleviating stress.
Also "our quest for more and more has plunged us in to a devastating state"
الھاکم التکاثر
This verse from Surah Takasur  in Muhammad Asad's book Road to Mecca became a trigger for his conversion to Islam from Leopold Weiss in 1920-30s.

This strife for more and more, and lack of gratitude on what we already have creates great stress in our lives. [ref Covey's Principle Centered Leadership]
A person who believes in the following ayah,
عسی ان تکرھو شئ وھو خیر الکم وعسی ان تحبو شئ وھو شر الکم ۔

will start feeling less stressful about the happenings on which he doesn't have control.

From Wikipedia description of Future Shock:
For example, Toffler's daughter went to shop in New York City and she couldn't find a shop in its previous location. Thus New York has become a city without a history. The urban population doubles every 11 years. The overall production of goods and services doubles each 50 years in developed countries. Society experiences an increasing number of changes with an increasing rapidity, while people are losing the familiarity that old institutions (religion, family, national identity, profession) once provided. The so-called "brain drain" – the emigration of European scientists to the United States – is both an indicator of the changes in society and also one of their causes.
Many goods have become disposable as the cost of manual repair or cleaning has become greater than the cost of making new goods due to mass production. Examples of disposable goods include ballpoint pens, lighters, plastic bottles, and paper towels.
The design of goods becomes outdated quickly. (And so, for example, a second generation of computers appears before the end of the expected period of usability of the first generation). It is possible to rent almost everything (from a ladder to a wedding dress), thus eliminating the need for ownership.
Whole branches of industry die off and new branches of industry arise. This affects unskilled workers who are compelled to change their residence to find new jobs. The constant change in the market also poses a problem for advertisers who must deal with moving targets.
People of post-industrial society change their profession and their workplace often. People have to change professions because professions quickly become outdated. People of post-industrial society thus have many careers in a lifetime. The knowledge of an engineer becomes outdated in ten years. People look more and more for temporary jobs.
To follow transient jobs, people have become nomads. For example, immigrants from Algeria, Turkey and other countries go to Europe to find work. Transient people are forced to change residence, phone number, school, friends, car license, and contact with family often. As a result, relationships tend to be superficial with a large number of people, instead of being intimate or close relationships that are more stable. Evidence for this is tourist travel and holiday romances.
The driver's license, received at age 16, has become the teenager's admission to the world of adults, because it symbolizes the ability to move independently.
Death of Permanence. The post industrial society will be marked by a transient culture where everything ranging from goods to human relationships will be temporary.

Friday, January 25, 2019

How to help poor in supporting their marriage costs

I find several NGO initiatives that would like to help the poor in supporting the expenses of the marriages of their daughters. I appreciate their energy and enthusiasm, but feel that there initiative is misplaced and directed not at the cause by the symptom. At best collecting donations for marriage purposes and helping the poor in marrying off their daughters is at most a band-aid or a sani-plast solution. It is not a long term solution. The objective of a foundation or an NGO should be to create a culture where marriage costs are low. Why there is such a mad race to spend exorbitant amount on marriages. Our objective should be to try and make Halal (marriage) cost a fraction of haram (zina). This is also support by the traditions of our Holy Prophet. However, our society is going in the other direction where halal (marriage) costs are running into millions and haram (zina) costs are reducing and are in thousands or a few lacs. We need to create awareness, appreciation of low cost marriages. Need to identify and stimulate rich people who are willing to become role model for this purpose. Development of such a culture is a worthwhile objective and yield much longer term solution to this problem. 

Sunday, January 20, 2019

What is meant by Aala Zarf اعلی ظرف

ظرف  =    Zarf means capacity to hold
As in a jug or a container. Magnanimity 
It denotes the capacity to hold when Allah gives some person His bounties and blessings. What is the capacity of that person to hold that bounty or blessing without spilling. Zarf is therefore the capacity to hold a blessing from Allah such as power, or wealth, or beauty, or status, or command on language, etc.... 

A person with Aala Zarf can hold the blessing with magnanimity without spilling. Example: A typical کم ظرف، نو دو لتیا will spill the wealth with ostentatious displays, cheap and horrendous show offs. On the other hand, an  اعلی ظرف will judiciously spend the wealth for his own betterment and for the betterment of the others...
When a کم ظرف gets too much power, he will spill it through humiliating  بے عزتی and disrespecting of others, he will lash out with his tongue and actions without probity, introspection and judgment. A good example of today is the way our information minister Fawad Chaudhry lashes out on his opponents or more importantly Chief Justice Saqib Nisar. The latter's humiliation of respectable Senior Surgeon and social worker Dr Saeed Akhtar who was humiliated without considering his contributions to the society. 
المسلم من سلم المسلمون بالسان و یدہ

A person with Aala Zarf has a capacity that keeps expanding as more bounties are received so that his power to give to others increases without any spillage. This elasticity of the container is the measure of the ظرف

Saturday, January 12, 2019

Can a Child Learn a Foreign Language without obtaining full competency in First language

بچے کی زہنی نشو نما و خود اعتمادی کا گلا گھوٹنا ہو تو اس کو "پہلی زبان" پر دسترس ہونے سے قبل انگریزی زبان کے جبر میں قید کر دیں
From omer Dossani
Actually kids can learn multiple languages early in life a lot easier than later. But the downside is often that they take longer to speak.  Girls tend to do better than boys. I learned to speak two and understand a third language all before 3
Ans
the advantage of parents knowing multiple languages and sharing them with children will ONLY accrue after the child has obtained "full" competency in at least the "first" language in which parents, Grand parents, uncles, aunts, extended family, neighbors converse. By full competency i mean the child can understand a joke, crack a joke, relate a hilarious (make believe) experience that will make family members or friends burst out with laughter. Once a child has this level of competency in first language, then competency in any other language is a piece of cake. Without this level of competency in first language, gaining full competency in any other language is wishful thinking.

پہلی زبان
First language is the language in which the child opens his eyes and hear his parents speaking. It is the language with which the child learns to interact with parents, grandparents, brothers, sisters, neighbors and friends. Articulation of thoughts into words and sentences is a complex learning. Then development of verbal skills to express abstract and complex ideas and learning to crack jokes and appreciate humor are the most difficult skills. Once a child has reached this state, learning any other language is a piece of cake

From omer Dossani
Irfan, servents spoke Bengali, grandparents spoke Katchi mother and father spoke 40% Urdu and 60% English. So I cannot relate to what you are saying but maybe you are correct.  From the research done by TCF in Pakistan they strongly stand behind their committment to stick to Urdu as the medium of instruction based on research that shows that kids learn best in their native language and so far their students are doing well
Ans
Omer Dossani: Articulation of complex ideas requires complex linguistic skills. The added pressure of not having enough verbal skills in a foreign language, stultifies expression of complex ideas, destroying self confidence and impedes mental development. Once  complex verbal skills are fully developed in the first language, the child gains confidence to tackle any other language. Eg Schools where speaking in English is must, and the child is being bullied, the child is afraid and hesitant in complaining because the teacher will scold him for speaking wrong English instead of patiently trying to understand child's grievance. The child's emotions get strangulated and destroys his self confidence

Sunday, December 23, 2018

How to Eliminate Corruption in Pakistan: Simplicity and Transparency of Bureaucratic Procedures

Corruption is directly proportional to the complexity of  bureaucratic procedures and is inversely proportional to the transparency of bureaucratic procedures. The bureaucratic procedures are being made more complicated (eg. even a pencil purchase requires approval) and censorship is being imposed, which will further decrease transparency and will thus increase corruption. For a perfectly transparent process, Each and every step of the bureaucratic procedure must be transparent and visible on government websites for all cases without exception. All decisions for all cases must be visible to all.
Corruption is also dependent upon the bureaucratic paradigm: All developed countries with less corruption operate on the basis of "innocent unless proven guilty" paradigm. Hence their processes are simple and decision making is devolved and delegated to the operational level.
In Pakistan our operating bureaucratic paradigm is "guilty unless proven innocent". This is exemplified by the cjp's comment that even a "purchase of pencil will require judicial approval". With this paradigm, the bureaucratic processes become more hierarchical, centralized, slow and complicated. We are therefore destined to see the realization of our "self fulfilled prophecies" about corruption. Corruption will increase, not decrease. Hence, "guilty unless proven innocent" will only cause increase of corruption.  It will cause rate for bribe to increase.

Sunday, December 2, 2018

Is Criticism of Imran Khan as PM something new?

Saw this post: ‏عمران خان کا1،1دن گناجارہاہے
میں حیران ہوں اس ذہین ترین قوم پر پچھلے70سال کیسےگزرگئے
Here is the history for youth who do not read history. Pakistan has never been a bed of roses, even for military dictators. There were mass protests every year since 1950. Here are some from my memory: 1952 qadiani riots n Lahore Martial Law,  1954 bengal riots, 1955-7 five prime ministers changed, 1958 martial law, 1962 BD elections, 1964 Fatima Jinnah elections protests, 1965  Operation Gibraltar leading to war with India,  1967 Karachi language riots, 1969 sugar price hike riots, 1970-71 lost half Pakistan, 1972 Balochistan ptotests and language riots, 1973 anti qadiani movement,  and Pakistan constitution, 1974 mass protests, 1976-77 elections and pna movement closures for several months with curfew, 1977 gen Zia's martial law, 1979 Bhutto hanging closures, 1980-81 alzlfiqar, 1982-83mrd movement, 1985 till today nearly every week of every month there were mass killings, blasts, protests,...
(pl add and fill in the blanks in comments. I will update here)

Overcoming Forex/IMF Problem through Incentivizing Small Producers of Solar Energy

How to resolve Dollar PKR devaluation problem and avoid IMF loan.
I think PTI Imran Khan's strategy to focus on small producers has a lot of potential. Here is what can bring tabdeeli through massive generation of jobs and overcoming the foreign exchange issue of rising dollar and devaluation of rupee. I think experts in PTI with ability of out-of-the-box creative thinking must look at this proposal.
Solar incentives can create massive saving on the $10bn/yr oil-gas imports. It can create at least 2m home entrepreneurs and other supporting businesses along with pumping and generation of economic activity of Rs 4 trillion!
Instead of IMF bail out, PTI can go for a massive crowd funding investment in energy sector. Here is how:
PTI should give the same subsidy to home solar energy producers on self generation of solar energy and net metering equal to that offered to PPIs for energy generation from wind or gas. Government must ensure availability of low cost and high quality solar panels through Incentivizing their imports or their local production. I am sure at least 20 lac home owners can easily invest around Rs 20 lac each in solar generation for their homes with their surplus energy getting pumped into the grid. This is 20lacs x Rs 20lacs = Rs 4 trillion investment. It will generate 20 lac entrepreneurial jobs generated by home owners who have become self employed through this. In addition there would be at least 5 lacs to 1m support jobs of installers, maintainers, equipment traders, importers, suppliers. It will also say good bye to at least $4-5bn of imported oil n gas for energy sector. This is going to be a recurring saving and will substantially improve our balance of payment woes, strengthen the rupee, reduce devaluation. Furthermore, it will increase our self-worth, will reduce meddling of IMF and World Bank in the manipulation of our economy. We will also become resilient to single point of failures often witnessed due to the problems of distribution.
Who will lead the resistance to change. This is going to be Oil lobby who are going to scream and oppose this scheme. Oil and Gas Sector vested interests and IMF/World Bank type big lenders will be most worried and will try their bests to throttle the initiative.

Sunday, October 14, 2018

Love of Research and Books-Prof Ahmed Saleem

I went to meet Professor Ahmed Saleem at his home library. His house is in Judicial Town near Chhattar Park in a very picturesque setting at the foot of the hill with stream flowing near by. His library consists of his personal collection of over 45,000 books and a collection of newspapers since 1947 of Jang,  Imroze, Pakistan Times etc. His room is next to the library and resembles more of a bed placed in a library room with a nearby desk-chair and a small sofa. 


The library is divided into various sections. Sections on East Pakistan, Punjab, Balochistan, Sindh, Gilgit-Baltistan had around six shelves each containing several thousands books. He has command over Punjabi (mother tongue), Pushto (grew up and did his early schooling in Peshawar), Sindhi (taught for around 5 years in Sindh University) and has a working knowledge of Balochi. There is a separate sections of Urdu literature (he taught for around 5 years at KU). There are additional sections on Iqbal, on feminist authors and their works. He also has a shelf filled with his own books. It contains a large number of research oriented works that he had produced as a researcher for SDPI,  an NGO in blue area Islamabad with which he had been associated with over 20 years. He proudly showed me some precious collection of magazines and newspapers and documents dating to mid 19th century. There are valuable issues from over hundred years of monthly Ismat and Tehzeeb e Niswan. 

I had gone there to collect articles by Mrs  Altaf Husain Fatima Khatoon. She was the mother of my late father-in-law Ausaf Husain, and she was also my father's second cousin. Apa Fatima Khatoon's  articles and poetry was published in monthly Ismat from 1950s till her death in 1983 under the name of Mrs Altaf Husain. I had around 50 articles and pieces written by her in Ismat that I got from my father's collection. In researching about her I happened to meet Ms Safoora Khairi, the current managing editor of Ismat. She connected me to Prof Saleem. My objective was to see if I can get more articles from Prof Saleem's collection.  

I managed to get 20 more pieces by Mrs Altaf Husain from Prof Saleem's library which has Ismat issues since its inception in 1908 by Allama Rashid ul Khairi till present. Prof Saleem has also published an index of all the articles published in Ismat from 1908 till 1947, a work that he got completed as part of the MPhil thesis of his student. The newly obtained articles when added with 50 that I have from my father's collection are sizable enough that  I am planning to publish in a book form (inshallah). While searching for these in Prof Saleem's library, I managed a wonderful discussion with him on his associations with literati, their works and his learning from them. 

He talked about his association with Ahmed Faraz while he was growing up in Peshawar, and his association with Faiz and his association with Ibn e Safi. He told how his parents would not allow him to read ibn e safi while he continued despite their punishments. He talked about his love for books and how he collects them. He said that he knows several second hand junk dealers. They call him whenever they get some old document that they think would be valuable for Prof Saleem. 

He mentioned that he is planning to create more space by either moving on the second floor or obtaining a place nearby. There is a need for preparing a proper catalog of all the books and the need for more space for shelving. The books did not have that stuffy smell that comes in collections that are not properly exposed to sunlight and fresh air. Both these things were there. However, since his movement to this place in recent months, the books need to be properly shelved. Given his age and his recent operation, this appears to be a tall order. He said he would be getting some full time assistant as soon as there is more space for him to be seated. He has only a daughter who lives in Rawalpindi. There is a this treasure of books that needs a proper institution for preservation and access.

Anyhow, it was such a pleasure knowing and meeting him. You should all seek him out through his employer SDPI's office in blue area. A treat to meet a knowledge encyclopedia like him. 

See Also:

Growing Up in the 1960s-70s: Recollections of Rauf Mamoo's Daughter

Recollections of Faryal Osman daughter of Rauf Mamoo (Major Shah Mohammad Ismail, Artillery SP3), while growing up in Nowshera when Rauf Mamoo was a Captain and later in Hyderabad where he was posted as Major before his retirement. The chronicle is interesting because it describes the life and times of junior army officers during those times.
میری پیدائش حیدرآباد کے سی ایم ایچ میں ھوئ ۔جس دائ کے ہاتھوں ہوئی بہت بعد میں عمران کی پیدائش ،جو کہ اسی سی ایم ایچ میں ھوئ، وہ بھی اسی دائ کے ہاتھوں ہوئی ۔امی نے اسے پہچان لیا تھا ۔ہم سب ایک دوسرے سے مل کر بہت خوش ھوئے ظاہر ھے اس خوشی میں عمران کا آنا بھی شامل تھا ۔ اس زمانے میں امی کو سوا مہینہ نانی نے گھر میں رکھا ۔ابو کی پوسٹنگ  پشاور میں تھی ۔امی ابو دونوں جاب کرتے تھے ۔لہازا سوا مہینہ بعد امی مجھے میری نانی کے پاس ہی حیدرآباد چھوڑ کر چلی گئیں ۔میرا خیال ھے جاب کا بہانہ ہی تھا، اصل میں ہماری امی جان سے ہمیں سنبھالا نہیں جاتا تھا کہ وہ بہت نخریلی اور نازک مزاج تھیں ورنہ جاب چھوڑی بھی جا سکتی تھی ۔ عجیب بات ھے اس زمانے میں لوگ بہت آرام سے اپنا بچہ کہیں بھی چھوڑ دیتے تھے ۔عثمان کے ایک بھائ بھی پیدا ھوتے 
ہی اپنے ماموں جان کو دے دیئے گئے تھے ۔

اب سب ہمیں بتاتے ہیں مطلب ماموں خالائیں اور نانو امی ، اللہ تعالی ان کے درجات بلند فرمائیں آمین ثم آمین کہ ہم سال بھر ان کے پاس رہے ۔وہ کہتے تھے کہ ہم بہت پیارے ھوتے تھے گو کہ ہم ان سے زیادہ اتفاق نہیں کرتے کیونکہ اپنا بچہ اور وہ بھی خاندان کا پہلا بچہ سبھی کا لاڈلا ھوتا ھے اور اپنی امی کے  خاندان میں الحمدللہ یہ اعزاز  ہمیں حاصل ھوا ۔سب ہمیں بتھو بیٹا کہتے تھے ۔یہ لفظ مٹھو بیٹا سے نکلا ھے سمجھ لیں کیونکہ بقول سب کے ہم ہر جملہ فورا سیکھ کر اسے رٹ لیتے تھے ۔ہمارا اس زمانے کا ایک جملہ ہمیں آج بھی ہمارے بزرگ بتاتے ہیں کہ یہ جملہ ہم بڑی نزاکت اور لہک کر کہتے تھے "آہا وہ دیکھو وہ کون آیا ھے "



خیر سے ہم ایک سال کے ھوئے تو ہمارے ابو کو ہم سے ملنے کا دل چاہا اور انہوں نے ہمیں نوشہرہ بلایا وہ وہیں پوسٹڈ تھے اس وقت ۔ویسے بھی نانو امی کو جانا ھی تھا کہ ہمارا چھوٹا بھای بالکل انہیں دنوں پیدا ھونے والا تھا ۔جس دن فرید پیدا ھوا نوشہرہ میں برف باری ھوئ جوکہ شاید کی دہائیوں کے بعد ہوئ تھی ساتھ ہی زلزلہ بھی آیا اسی رات ۔تو ہمارا یہ بھائ اپنے ساتھ ہنگامے لایا تھا اور آج بھی اپنی اسی ہنگاموں والی روش پر قائم و دائم ہیں ۔نانو امی ہمیں لے کر وہاں پہنچیں تو ہم پیدائش کے بعد دوسری دفعہ امی ابو سے ملے ۔

جب تک امی فرید کی پیدائش سے فارغ ہوئیں ،ہم میں اور ہمارے ابو جان میں زبردست دوستی ہو گئ،ہم اپنے ابو کے سینے پر سوتے تھے اور بڑی مشکل سے وہاں سے ہٹائے جاتے تھے ۔یہ ایک باپ کی خوشبو تھی، ایک ماں کے دل کی دھڑکن تھی جسے ہم ننھی سی جان نے محسوس کر لیا اور کوئ ہمیں اپنے ابو کے آفس سے آنے کے بعد ان سے جدا نہیں کر سکتا تھا ۔ہمارے ابو میں بچوں سے دوستی کی ایک قدرتی صلاحیت تھی اور خاندان کے سب بچوں کے پسندیدہ ترین تھے وہ، تو ہم تو ان کے جگر کے ٹکڑے تھے ۔ ہم اپنے ہینڈسم اور ڈیشنگ ابو کے دیوانے ھو گئے، امی بتاتی ہیں خاص طور پر وہ  ہمیں آرمی کی وردی میں بہت پسند تھے ۔ ہم انہیں وردی نہیں اتارنے دیتے تھے ۔جب نانو امی اور دونوں خالائیں واپس حیدرآباد جانے کے لئیے تیار ھوئے تو ہمارے ابو نے ہمیں ان کے ساتھ واپس بھیجنے سے انکار کر دیا ۔ہماری خالائیں بتاتیں ہیں کہ وہ سارے راستے روتی ھوئیں واپس گئیں ٹرین میں کہ ہم اپنے ننھیال میں سب کا کھلونا تھے ۔

ہم نوشہرہ میں ڈھائی سال کی عمر تک رہے ۔ہماری یادوں مین آج 
بھی اس گھر کی دھندلی دھندلی یادیں ہیں ۔جو ہم آج بھی بتا سکتے ہیں ۔وہ زلزلہ، وہ مشتری بیگم ہماری آیا،اس کا آلو پیاز چوری کرنا، کسی کے گھر میں ہمیں ٹی کوزی پہن کر کسی کا ڈرانا ،کتوں کے بیچ میں ہمارا گھرا ھونا اور چیخیں مارنا ۔نیکسٹ ہم ی۔سب بھی شیر کریں گے ۔1965 ستمبر کی جنگ ،ابو اور ہم
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حیرت یہ ھے کہ ہم لائف بوائے استعمال کرتے تھے سر دھونے کے لئیے بچپن میں ۔جب ذرا بڑے ہوئے تو لڑکیون والا پریویلیج ملا کہ لکس صابن دے دیا گیا ۔نہانے سے پہلے امی رج کر تیل لگاتی تھیں پھر ایک گھنٹہ پٹ پٹا کر جوئیں دکھوانی پڑتیں تھیں ۔پھر چلو اب بال دھو لو کی باری ۔یہی کافی ھوتا تھا ہمارے سلکی چمکدار اور لمبے بالوں کے لئیے ۔نہ کوئ شیمپو نہ کوئ کنڈیشنر نہ کوئ گلوس نہ کوی ماسک اور نہ ہی کوئی ہروٹین ٹریٹمینٹ ۔ نہ ہی صرف بالوں کے لئیے 5000 
کا بیوٹی پارلر کا چکر ۔ 

لوگوں بالوں کے لئے تیل،   لائف بوائے ، لکس، اور کھینچ کر بنی ھوئ سنگل چوٹی یا دو چوٹیاں کافی ھوتے تھے ۔امی کہتی تھیں کھینچ کر چوٹی باندھے رکھنے سے بال لمبے ھوتے ہیں اور بال لمبے سلکی چمکدار ھوتے بھی تھے ۔
لائف بوائے لکس اور تیل اپنائیے ،سادگی اپنائے ، بچت کیجئے اور 
مہنگائ کا مقابلہ کیجئے ۔

بیڈ روم نہیں بچوں کے کمرے ھوتے تھے، جہاں ایک الماری دو بہنوں
 یا دو بھایون کے پرسنل قیمتی اور یونیفارم ٹائپ کپڑوں ، یعنی کپڑا ایک ڈیزائن ایک  یا کبھی کبھار رنگ بس مختلف کر دئے جاتے تھے ۔ ایک معصوم سی سادی سی  ڈریسنگ ٹیبل شیشے والی اور ایک   بڑی سی پڑہنے کی میز ھوتی تھی
  
ڈائننگ روم مین ٹیبل کے نام پر سادی سی میز کرسیاں چھ والی ھوتی تھیں اور ایک امی کے جہیز کی برتنوں والی الماری
۔ڈرائنگ روم میں ایک بڑا صوفہ کچھ کرسیاں اور ابو کے آفیشل تمغے یا ٹرافیز ، دو ایشٹریز اور ہاں کچھ چیزیں  خاص ھوتی تھین ، کسی جنگ کی دو اسپیشل اور نایاب قیمتی پینٹنگز  اور کچھ بمز جو ابو چونڈہ کے محاز سے لائے تھے  اور ہڑیال کے تین چار سر اور ایک طرف زمین پر ایک پورا ہڑیال اپنی کھال سمیت زمین پر بچھایا گیا تھا ۔
لاونج میں دو تین بید کے صوفے ، کرسیاں ،  ایک ٹی وی اور ایک امی کے جہیز کا فریج  ھوتا تھا ۔

کچن کا حال اسے سے بھی سادہ ھوتا تھا ۔چوپر بلینڈر اور قیمہ پیسنے کی ہتھ مشین موجود تھی لیکن کباب کا قیمہ، گرم مصالحہ ،دہی بڑوں کے لئے ماش کی دال وغیرہ وغیرہ ہم سے سل بٹے  پر پسوائے جاتے تھے ۔ جب تک  آرمی کے مزے رہے یعنی اردلی، دھوبی اور سویئپر تو ہم چھوٹے تھے ۔ جیسے بڑے ھوئے ابو ریٹائرڈ ھو گئے اور دھوبی، اردلی، کہ اور ماسی کے کام ہم بہنوں کو تقویض کر دئے گئے ۔بھایون کو مالی پینٹر اور اسکوٹر ڈرائور کے عہدے دے دئے گئے ۔ 
آج تک صدمہ رہا کہ اگر ابو ریٹائرڈ اتنی جلدی نہ ھوتے یا دیر سے شادی نہ کی ہوتی تو ہم بھی کوئی کیپٹن لیفٹیننٹ ڈھونڈ لیتے ۔خیر اس کمی کو ہمارے کرنل سسر اور چچا سسرز اور کرنل جیٹھ نے پورا کر دیا ۔

ہر ہفتے کو ہم پانچ بہن بھائی اسکوٹر پر لد کر گیریزن  سینیما انگریزی فلم دیکھنے جاتے تھے ۔گھر سے اس دن صرف ایک چپس کے پیکٹ  پیسے ملتے تھے ۔ جسے ہم انٹرویل میں خریدتے تھے اور بقیہ ساری مووی کے دوران آہستہ آہستہ کھاتے رہتے تھے
جاری ھے

Friday, September 21, 2018

Zauq-e-Aagahi, Quresh Pur and PTV's role in Inspiring a Generation of Knowledge Seekers

Once upon a time on PTV we used to have quiz competitions of the highest order. I grew up with many such programs that made me look up to the contestants as the wizards of knowledge. Unfortunately today on TV we find nothing except crass, gross, coarse and vulgar competitions like programs where they are competing on everything except knowledge. These so called competitions have promoted lust for money and has encouraged people to perform any wild and vulgar act just to gain a gift for which begging and stooping low becomes the order of the day. They have any thing except inspiration for pursuit of knowledge.

Sunday, September 16, 2018

Exemplary Inspirational and Collaborative Leadership - Dr Hasan Sohaib Murad

Today (Sep 10, 2018), with the departure of Dr Hasan Sohaib Murad for the hereafter. I lost a mentor, a guide and a trail blazer who exemplified what does it mean to be an inspirational leader. Inna lillah e wa inna ilaihi rajioon. A loss that seems more acute because I could have learned much more from him than what I did. Here I relate my observations about his achievements as a great collaborative leader, an inspiration for all those who met him, and my learning from him.

Sunday, September 9, 2018

"Skin in the Game" Public Service Reforms in Pakistan- A Proposal

The fastest way to reform the public sector is to bring the bureaucracy's skin in the "game" of changing the bureaucratic structures and increasing the efficiency. Unless the decision makers are themselves going to feel the adverse consequences of their decisions and hurdles they would not be willing to make positive changes in improving the efficiency and reducing the long term costs of their decisions. Here are some of the reforms that will expedite the change in bureaucratic structures and efficiency for the better by involving all ministers and grade 18 and above officers (VIPs). (i) All ministers and grade 18 and above bureaucrats must be forced to get medical treatment only from government hospitals. They must be compelled to use the same process, same queues, same medicines, same wards and same food that is being given to any other patient. This is being implemented by Indus Hospital and even SIUT for all patients irrespective of the status or affiliation of the patients. (ii) Similarly, all ministers and grade 18 and above bureaucrats must be forced to get their children enrolled in government schools and universities. This should be done with a provision that no two VIPs are allowed to go into the same school till all the schools have at least one VIP. The latter provision would force all schools to be upgrades instead of a few reserved for VIPs. (iii) Similarly, such provisions could be designed for all other public services using the parameter of average case disposal time. (iv) For example, to reform AGPR's pension process, the VIPs should not be allowed to get their pension process approved in a time period less than the average time taken by other pension applicants. (v) (vi) Similarly, to expedite the passport or CNIC application process, the VIPs should not be allowed to get their application process earlier than the average time taken by the people. (vii) There should be no special protocol for any VIP of any stature whether from judiciary or intelligence or military. VIPs should be entitled to that security which is available to common people. (viii) To improve the public transport service, all grade 18+ officers must be forced to travel via public bus services or Pakistan Railways to their nearest destination irrespective of the nature of their work. No official cars should be allowed on routes where public bus service or railway service is available. All air travel should be banned for the VIPs. (ix) Similarly, disposal of cases of serving judges and other VIPs should not be done earlier than the average time of disposal of all cases at a particular stage (trial court, high court or supreme court stage). (x) For Police Reforms, no VIP's case should be taken out earlier than any other applicant in the queue. The procedure must be the same for everyone. Any exceptional call that is received by the police on any mobile number of office number must be visible to all the public. One can then work out other such processes for all the other public services.