Sunday, December 2, 2018

Is Criticism of Imran Khan as PM something new?

Saw this post: ‏عمران خان کا1،1دن گناجارہاہے
میں حیران ہوں اس ذہین ترین قوم پر پچھلے70سال کیسےگزرگئے
Here is the history for youth who do not read history. Pakistan has never been a bed of roses, even for military dictators. There were mass protests every year since 1950. Here are some from my memory: 1952 qadiani riots n Lahore Martial Law,  1954 bengal riots, 1955-7 five prime ministers changed, 1958 martial law, 1962 BD elections, 1964 Fatima Jinnah elections protests, 1965  Operation Gibraltar leading to war with India,  1967 Karachi language riots, 1969 sugar price hike riots, 1970-71 lost half Pakistan, 1972 Balochistan ptotests and language riots, 1973 anti qadiani movement,  and Pakistan constitution, 1974 mass protests, 1976-77 elections and pna movement closures for several months with curfew, 1977 gen Zia's martial law, 1979 Bhutto hanging closures, 1980-81 alzlfiqar, 1982-83mrd movement, 1985 till today nearly every week of every month there were mass killings, blasts, protests,...
(pl add and fill in the blanks in comments. I will update here)

Overcoming Forex Problem through Incentivizing Small Producers of Solar Energy

How to resolve Dollar PKR devaluation problem.
I think PTI Imran Khan's strategy to focus on small producers has a lot of potential. Here is what can bring tabdeeli through massive generation of jobs and overcoming the foreign exchange issue of rising dollar and devaluation of rupee. I think experts in PT with ability of out-of-the-box creative thinking must look at this proposal.

Sunday, October 14, 2018

Love of Research and Books-Prof Ahmed Saleem

I went to meet Professor Ahmed Saleem at his home library. His house is in Judicial Town near Chhattar Park in a very picturesque setting at the foot of the hill with stream flowing near by. His library consists of his personal collection of over 45,000 books and a collection of newspapers since 1947 of Jang,  Imroze, Pakistan Times etc. His room is next to the library and resembles more of a bed placed in a library room with a nearby desk-chair and a small sofa. 

The library is divided into various sections. Sections on East Pakistan, Punjab, Balochistan, Sindh, Gilgit-Baltistan had around six shelves each containing several thousands books. He has command over Punjabi (mother tongue), Pushto (grew up and did his early schooling in Peshawar), Sindhi (taught for around 5 years in Sindh University) and has a working knowledge of Balochi. There is a separate sections of Urdu literature (he taught for around 5 years at KU). There are additional sections on Iqbal, on feminist authors and their works. He also has a shelf filled with his own books. It contains a large number of research oriented works that he had produced as a researcher for SDPI,  an NGO in blue area Islamabad with which he had been associated with over 20 years. He proudly showed me some precious collection of magazines and newspapers and documents dating to mid 19th century. There are valuable issues from over hundred years of monthly Ismat and Tehzeeb e Niswan. 

I had gone there to collect articles by Mrs  Altaf Husain Fatima Khatoon. She was the mother of my late father-in-law Ausaf Husain, and she was also my father's second cousin. Apa Fatima Khatoon's  articles and poetry was published in monthly Ismat from 1950s till her death in 1983 under the name of Mrs Altaf Husain. I had around 50 articles and pieces written by her in Ismat that I got from my father's collection. In researching about her I happened to meet Ms Safoora Khairi, the current managing editor of Ismat. She connected me to Prof Saleem. My objective was to see if I can get more articles from Prof Saleem's collection.  

I managed to get 20 more pieces by Mrs Altaf Husain from Prof Saleem's library which has Ismat issues since its inception in 1908 by Allama Rashid ul Khairi till present. Prof Saleem has also published an index of all the articles published in Ismat from 1908 till 1947, a work that he got completed as part of the MPhil thesis of his student. The newly obtained articles when added with 50 that I have from my father's collection are sizable enough that  I am planning to publish in a book form (inshallah). While searching for these in Prof Saleem's library, I managed a wonderful discussion with him on his associations with literati, their works and his learning from them. 

He talked about his association with Ahmed Faraz while he was growing up in Peshawar, and his association with Faiz and his association with Ibn e Safi. He told how his parents would not allow him to read ibn e safi while he continued despite their punishments. He talked about his love for books and how he collects them. He said that he knows several second hand junk dealers. They call him whenever they get some old document that they think would be valuable for Prof Saleem. 

He mentioned that he is planning to create more space by either moving on the second floor or obtaining a place nearby. There is a need for preparing a proper catalog of all the books and the need for more space for shelving. The books did not have that stuffy smell that comes in collections that are not properly exposed to sunlight and fresh air. Both these things were there. However, since his movement to this place in recent months, the books need to be properly shelved. Given his age and his recent operation, this appears to be a tall order. He said he would be getting some full time assistant as soon as there is more space for him to be seated. He has only a daughter who lives in Rawalpindi. There is a this treasure of books that needs a proper institution for preservation and access.

Anyhow, it was such a pleasure knowing and meeting him. You should all seek him out through his employer SDPI's office in blue area. A treat to meet a knowledge encyclopedia like him. 

See Also:

Growing Up in the 1960s-70s: Recollections of Rauf Mamoo's Daughter

Recollections of Faryal Osman daughter of Rauf Mamoo (Major Shah Mohammad Ismail, Artillery SP3), while growing up in Nowshera when Rauf Mamoo was a Captain and later in Hyderabad where he was posted as Major before his retirement. The chronicle is interesting because it describes the life and times of junior army officers during those times.
میری پیدائش حیدرآباد کے سی ایم ایچ میں ھوئ ۔جس دائ کے ہاتھوں ہوئی بہت بعد میں عمران کی پیدائش ،جو کہ اسی سی ایم ایچ میں ھوئ، وہ بھی اسی دائ کے ہاتھوں ہوئی ۔امی نے اسے پہچان لیا تھا ۔ہم سب ایک دوسرے سے مل کر بہت خوش ھوئے ظاہر ھے اس خوشی میں عمران کا آنا بھی شامل تھا ۔ اس زمانے میں امی کو سوا مہینہ نانی نے گھر میں رکھا ۔ابو کی پوسٹنگ  پشاور میں تھی ۔امی ابو دونوں جاب کرتے تھے ۔لہازا سوا مہینہ بعد امی مجھے میری نانی کے پاس ہی حیدرآباد چھوڑ کر چلی گئیں ۔میرا خیال ھے جاب کا بہانہ ہی تھا، اصل میں ہماری امی جان سے ہمیں سنبھالا نہیں جاتا تھا کہ وہ بہت نخریلی اور نازک مزاج تھیں ورنہ جاب چھوڑی بھی جا سکتی تھی ۔ عجیب بات ھے اس زمانے میں لوگ بہت آرام سے اپنا بچہ کہیں بھی چھوڑ دیتے تھے ۔عثمان کے ایک بھائ بھی پیدا ھوتے 
ہی اپنے ماموں جان کو دے دیئے گئے تھے ۔

اب سب ہمیں بتاتے ہیں مطلب ماموں خالائیں اور نانو امی ، اللہ تعالی ان کے درجات بلند فرمائیں آمین ثم آمین کہ ہم سال بھر ان کے پاس رہے ۔وہ کہتے تھے کہ ہم بہت پیارے ھوتے تھے گو کہ ہم ان سے زیادہ اتفاق نہیں کرتے کیونکہ اپنا بچہ اور وہ بھی خاندان کا پہلا بچہ سبھی کا لاڈلا ھوتا ھے اور اپنی امی کے  خاندان میں الحمدللہ یہ اعزاز  ہمیں حاصل ھوا ۔سب ہمیں بتھو بیٹا کہتے تھے ۔یہ لفظ مٹھو بیٹا سے نکلا ھے سمجھ لیں کیونکہ بقول سب کے ہم ہر جملہ فورا سیکھ کر اسے رٹ لیتے تھے ۔ہمارا اس زمانے کا ایک جملہ ہمیں آج بھی ہمارے بزرگ بتاتے ہیں کہ یہ جملہ ہم بڑی نزاکت اور لہک کر کہتے تھے "آہا وہ دیکھو وہ کون آیا ھے "

خیر سے ہم ایک سال کے ھوئے تو ہمارے ابو کو ہم سے ملنے کا دل چاہا اور انہوں نے ہمیں نوشہرہ بلایا وہ وہیں پوسٹڈ تھے اس وقت ۔ویسے بھی نانو امی کو جانا ھی تھا کہ ہمارا چھوٹا بھای بالکل انہیں دنوں پیدا ھونے والا تھا ۔جس دن فرید پیدا ھوا نوشہرہ میں برف باری ھوئ جوکہ شاید کی دہائیوں کے بعد ہوئ تھی ساتھ ہی زلزلہ بھی آیا اسی رات ۔تو ہمارا یہ بھائ اپنے ساتھ ہنگامے لایا تھا اور آج بھی اپنی اسی ہنگاموں والی روش پر قائم و دائم ہیں ۔نانو امی ہمیں لے کر وہاں پہنچیں تو ہم پیدائش کے بعد دوسری دفعہ امی ابو سے ملے ۔

جب تک امی فرید کی پیدائش سے فارغ ہوئیں ،ہم میں اور ہمارے ابو جان میں زبردست دوستی ہو گئ،ہم اپنے ابو کے سینے پر سوتے تھے اور بڑی مشکل سے وہاں سے ہٹائے جاتے تھے ۔یہ ایک باپ کی خوشبو تھی، ایک ماں کے دل کی دھڑکن تھی جسے ہم ننھی سی جان نے محسوس کر لیا اور کوئ ہمیں اپنے ابو کے آفس سے آنے کے بعد ان سے جدا نہیں کر سکتا تھا ۔ہمارے ابو میں بچوں سے دوستی کی ایک قدرتی صلاحیت تھی اور خاندان کے سب بچوں کے پسندیدہ ترین تھے وہ، تو ہم تو ان کے جگر کے ٹکڑے تھے ۔ ہم اپنے ہینڈسم اور ڈیشنگ ابو کے دیوانے ھو گئے، امی بتاتی ہیں خاص طور پر وہ  ہمیں آرمی کی وردی میں بہت پسند تھے ۔ ہم انہیں وردی نہیں اتارنے دیتے تھے ۔جب نانو امی اور دونوں خالائیں واپس حیدرآباد جانے کے لئیے تیار ھوئے تو ہمارے ابو نے ہمیں ان کے ساتھ واپس بھیجنے سے انکار کر دیا ۔ہماری خالائیں بتاتیں ہیں کہ وہ سارے راستے روتی ھوئیں واپس گئیں ٹرین میں کہ ہم اپنے ننھیال میں سب کا کھلونا تھے ۔

ہم نوشہرہ میں ڈھائی سال کی عمر تک رہے ۔ہماری یادوں مین آج 
بھی اس گھر کی دھندلی دھندلی یادیں ہیں ۔جو ہم آج بھی بتا سکتے ہیں ۔وہ زلزلہ، وہ مشتری بیگم ہماری آیا،اس کا آلو پیاز چوری کرنا، کسی کے گھر میں ہمیں ٹی کوزی پہن کر کسی کا ڈرانا ،کتوں کے بیچ میں ہمارا گھرا ھونا اور چیخیں مارنا ۔نیکسٹ ہم ی۔سب بھی شیر کریں گے ۔1965 ستمبر کی جنگ ،ابو اور ہم

حیرت یہ ھے کہ ہم لائف بوائے استعمال کرتے تھے سر دھونے کے لئیے بچپن میں ۔جب ذرا بڑے ہوئے تو لڑکیون والا پریویلیج ملا کہ لکس صابن دے دیا گیا ۔نہانے سے پہلے امی رج کر تیل لگاتی تھیں پھر ایک گھنٹہ پٹ پٹا کر جوئیں دکھوانی پڑتیں تھیں ۔پھر چلو اب بال دھو لو کی باری ۔یہی کافی ھوتا تھا ہمارے سلکی چمکدار اور لمبے بالوں کے لئیے ۔نہ کوئ شیمپو نہ کوئ کنڈیشنر نہ کوئ گلوس نہ کوی ماسک اور نہ ہی کوئی ہروٹین ٹریٹمینٹ ۔ نہ ہی صرف بالوں کے لئیے 5000 
کا بیوٹی پارلر کا چکر ۔ 

لوگوں بالوں کے لئے تیل،   لائف بوائے ، لکس، اور کھینچ کر بنی ھوئ سنگل چوٹی یا دو چوٹیاں کافی ھوتے تھے ۔امی کہتی تھیں کھینچ کر چوٹی باندھے رکھنے سے بال لمبے ھوتے ہیں اور بال لمبے سلکی چمکدار ھوتے بھی تھے ۔
لائف بوائے لکس اور تیل اپنائیے ،سادگی اپنائے ، بچت کیجئے اور 
مہنگائ کا مقابلہ کیجئے ۔

بیڈ روم نہیں بچوں کے کمرے ھوتے تھے، جہاں ایک الماری دو بہنوں
 یا دو بھایون کے پرسنل قیمتی اور یونیفارم ٹائپ کپڑوں ، یعنی کپڑا ایک ڈیزائن ایک  یا کبھی کبھار رنگ بس مختلف کر دئے جاتے تھے ۔ ایک معصوم سی سادی سی  ڈریسنگ ٹیبل شیشے والی اور ایک   بڑی سی پڑہنے کی میز ھوتی تھی
ڈائننگ روم مین ٹیبل کے نام پر سادی سی میز کرسیاں چھ والی ھوتی تھیں اور ایک امی کے جہیز کی برتنوں والی الماری
۔ڈرائنگ روم میں ایک بڑا صوفہ کچھ کرسیاں اور ابو کے آفیشل تمغے یا ٹرافیز ، دو ایشٹریز اور ہاں کچھ چیزیں  خاص ھوتی تھین ، کسی جنگ کی دو اسپیشل اور نایاب قیمتی پینٹنگز  اور کچھ بمز جو ابو چونڈہ کے محاز سے لائے تھے  اور ہڑیال کے تین چار سر اور ایک طرف زمین پر ایک پورا ہڑیال اپنی کھال سمیت زمین پر بچھایا گیا تھا ۔
لاونج میں دو تین بید کے صوفے ، کرسیاں ،  ایک ٹی وی اور ایک امی کے جہیز کا فریج  ھوتا تھا ۔

کچن کا حال اسے سے بھی سادہ ھوتا تھا ۔چوپر بلینڈر اور قیمہ پیسنے کی ہتھ مشین موجود تھی لیکن کباب کا قیمہ، گرم مصالحہ ،دہی بڑوں کے لئے ماش کی دال وغیرہ وغیرہ ہم سے سل بٹے  پر پسوائے جاتے تھے ۔ جب تک  آرمی کے مزے رہے یعنی اردلی، دھوبی اور سویئپر تو ہم چھوٹے تھے ۔ جیسے بڑے ھوئے ابو ریٹائرڈ ھو گئے اور دھوبی، اردلی، کہ اور ماسی کے کام ہم بہنوں کو تقویض کر دئے گئے ۔بھایون کو مالی پینٹر اور اسکوٹر ڈرائور کے عہدے دے دئے گئے ۔ 
آج تک صدمہ رہا کہ اگر ابو ریٹائرڈ اتنی جلدی نہ ھوتے یا دیر سے شادی نہ کی ہوتی تو ہم بھی کوئی کیپٹن لیفٹیننٹ ڈھونڈ لیتے ۔خیر اس کمی کو ہمارے کرنل سسر اور چچا سسرز اور کرنل جیٹھ نے پورا کر دیا ۔

ہر ہفتے کو ہم پانچ بہن بھائی اسکوٹر پر لد کر گیریزن  سینیما انگریزی فلم دیکھنے جاتے تھے ۔گھر سے اس دن صرف ایک چپس کے پیکٹ  پیسے ملتے تھے ۔ جسے ہم انٹرویل میں خریدتے تھے اور بقیہ ساری مووی کے دوران آہستہ آہستہ کھاتے رہتے تھے
جاری ھے

Friday, September 21, 2018

Zauq-e-Aagahi, Quresh Pur and PTV's role in Inspiring a Generation of Knowledge Seekers

Once upon a time on PTV we used to have quiz competitions of the highest order. I grew up with many such programs that made me look up to the contestants as the wizards of knowledge. Unfortunately today on TV we find nothing except crass, gross, coarse and vulgar competitions like programs where they are competing on everything except knowledge. These so called competitions have promoted lust for money and has encouraged people to perform any wild and vulgar act just to gain a gift for which begging and stooping low becomes the order of the day. They have any thing except inspiration for pursuit of knowledge.

Sunday, September 16, 2018

Exemplary Inspirational and Collaborative Leadership - Dr Hasan Sohaib Murad

Today (Sep 10, 2018), with the departure of Dr Hasan Sohaib Murad for the hereafter. I lost a mentor, a guide and a trail blazer who exemplified what does it mean to be an inspirational leader. Inna lillah e wa inna ilaihi rajioon. A loss that seems more acute because I could have learned much more from him than what I did. Here I relate my observations about his achievements as a great collaborative leader, an inspiration for all those who met him, and my learning from him.

Sunday, September 9, 2018

"Skin in the Game" Public Service Reforms in Pakistan- A Proposal

The fastest way to reform the public sector is to bring the bureaucracy's skin in the "game" of changing the bureaucratic structures and increasing the efficiency. Unless the decision makers are themselves going to feel the adverse consequences of their decisions and hurdles they would not be willing to make positive changes in improving the efficiency and reducing the long term costs of their decisions. Here are some of the reforms that will expedite the change in bureaucratic structures and efficiency for the better by involving all ministers and grade 18 and above officers (VIPs). (i) All ministers and grade 18 and above bureaucrats must be forced to get medical treatment only from government hospitals. They must be compelled to use the same process, same queues, same medicines, same wards and same food that is being given to any other patient. This is being implemented by Indus Hospital and even SIUT for all patients irrespective of the status or affiliation of the patients. (ii) Similarly, all ministers and grade 18 and above bureaucrats must be forced to get their children enrolled in government schools and universities. This should be done with a provision that no two VIPs are allowed to go into the same school till all the schools have at least one VIP. The latter provision would force all schools to be upgrades instead of a few reserved for VIPs. (iii) Similarly, such provisions could be designed for all other public services using the parameter of average case disposal time. (iv) For example, to reform AGPR's pension process, the VIPs should not be allowed to get their pension process approved in a time period less than the average time taken by other pension applicants. (v) (vi) Similarly, to expedite the passport or CNIC application process, the VIPs should not be allowed to get their application process earlier than the average time taken by the people. (vii) There should be no special protocol for any VIP of any stature whether from judiciary or intelligence or military. VIPs should be entitled to that security which is available to common people. (viii) To improve the public transport service, all grade 18+ officers must be forced to travel via public bus services or Pakistan Railways to their nearest destination irrespective of the nature of their work. No official cars should be allowed on routes where public bus service or railway service is available. All air travel should be banned for the VIPs. (ix) Similarly, disposal of cases of serving judges and other VIPs should not be done earlier than the average time of disposal of all cases at a particular stage (trial court, high court or supreme court stage). (x) For Police Reforms, no VIP's case should be taken out earlier than any other applicant in the queue. The procedure must be the same for everyone. Any exceptional call that is received by the police on any mobile number of office number must be visible to all the public. One can then work out other such processes for all the other public services.

Thursday, September 6, 2018

Flight from Bedar when Hyderabad Deccan fell to Indian Invasion in 1948

This post describes my maternal family's flight from Bedar Hyderabad at the time of the annexation of the Nizam-ruled princely state of Hyderabad Deccan by Indian forces in September 1948. 
See podcast of my mother's sister Arsalan Khatoon who was among the group that had to run empty handed with her mother, brothers and sisters. 

"Operation Polo is the code name of the Hyderabad "police action" in September 1948, by the newly independent India against the Hyderabad State.  It was a military operation in which the Indian Armed Forces invaded the Nizam-ruled princely state, annexing it into the Indian Union. At the time of Partition in 1947, the princely states of India, who in principle had self-government within their own territories, were subject to subsidiary alliances with the British, giving them control of their external relations. In the Indian Independence Act 1947 the British abandoned all such alliances, leaving the states with the option of opting for full independence. However, by 1948 almost all had acceded to either India or Pakistan. One major exception was that of the wealthiest and most powerful principality, Hyderabad, where the Nizam, Osman Ali Khan, Asif Jah VII, a Muslim ruler who presided over a largely Hindu population, chose independence and hoped to maintain this with an irregular army recruited from the Muslim aristocracy, known as the Razakars." [Wikipedia]

See also:

Monday, September 3, 2018

Essential Orientation for Teachers and Faculty Members

Essential Orientation for Faculty Members, Teachers and Facilitators embarking on a journey to understand experiential learning and weaning away from the conventional mode of teaching. In my opinion this is the minimum level of understanding required by teachers of schools and universities.To maximally gain from this material, watch the following videos and read the following blog posts. Then write your reflections by connecting the ideas to your experience or observation.


Essential Blog Posts

These are the essential blog posts from my blog at

See also:

For the list of all my posts on School Education, click here
For the list of all my posts on Higher Education, click here
For the list of all my posts related to PhD and Research, click here

Suo-moto judgment for Criminal Cases vs Summary Military Trials (Kangroo Courts)

I would like to invite those interested in law and constitution to comment on this post. Here I am looking at the role of Suomoto Judgment in criminal cases and cases related to corruption. I think suo-moto was originally conceived in the constitution for constitutional cases and constitutional rights cases that require immediate action where general interest of people is being violated.

How suo-moto cases of supreme court
compare with summary military trial courts

Friday, August 31, 2018

How to be a Change Leader and a Job Creator

[IoBM Orientation for New Students Sep 1, 2018]
As I look at your beaming faces, your youthful energy, and your ambitions for shaping the future of our nation and our dear country, I am filled with hope. I am sure that our future is destined to be better than our today. It is also welcoming to see that "change" and "job creation" are among our top national priorities today. Today I would like to share with you how you can be a change leader and how you can be a job creator.

Technical Analysis of Helicopter Cost Debate for PM Imran Khan Travel

Recently Pakistan's information minister's claim that the helicopter ride of PM Imran Khan costs Rs50/km became viral on social media and caused a lot of posts debunking and defending with humor and exaggeration. There were also claims that the cost is Rs 30/km and not Rs 50/km and led to cynics doing all sorts of projections on the basis of these costs leading to outrageous conclusions leading to start of public transport service, parcel service and food service. Here is a technical analysis of this helicopter cost debate requires cost accounting, financial management and strategic management concepts as well as some common sense.

Friday, August 24, 2018

How to Sabotage Change (Tabdeeli) by Turning the Focus from Output to Input

Change Resistance from bureaucracy against IK's "tabdeeli" agenda through very clever manoeuvre by taking IK's eyes off the ball (output). By opening the Pandora box of holidays per week, Sir Humphery (of Yes Prime Minister serial fame) or equivalent senior bureaucrat in the IK's clique had turned the debate away from "output" measurement and towards "input" measurement; no one wants to know how much input (#days, #hours ) bureaucrats are giving per week. People n PTIans do not want to know whether bureaucrats are inputting 5 days or 6 days per week, or whether they are inputting 6 hours or 8 hours per day. This is input measurement. They want concrete measurable output. #jobscreated, #homes constructed, #cases resolved by courts, reduction in #kidsdropouts from school,... People want "output" not "input".

Traditions of Ramadan: Reflections of Past Ramadans for Rekindling

This is a time to reflect on our traditions and culture of Ramazan. I am wondering how many of Pakistanis are still experiencing these. There are some disturbing posts on FB and also through some of my interactions with others that inform me that it is not only time to reflect but also to rekindle these traditions through a conscious sustained effort. We can no longer take for granted some of these traditions wherever they are continuing. Here I reflect on my life and learning over the last 55 years with many of these traditions

How Long Pakistan has been Under the Corrupt Rule when Imran Khan Tookover

Only RAW agents or traitors can claim that IK has inherited 30-70 years of corruption in Pakistan. At most there can only be 10 years (2008-18) of corruption because by 2008 Gen Musharraf through his 9 years of most clean anti-corruption dictatorial rule had eliminated ALL corruption. During this rule, Gen Musharraf had completely obliterated corruption,  which was accumulated during bloody civilians' corruption infested rule during 1988-99. Pl note that by 1988, ultra-patriotic Gen Zia's anti-corruption martial law of 11 years had completely cleansed Pakistan from all the corruption that only ZAB must have accumulated during his 1971-77 rule. Of course ZAB corrupted a Pakistan that he got completely corruption-free. Pakistan was cleansed of all corruption through tireless n sustained efforts of two ultra-patriotic dictators Gen Ayub n Gen Yahya. Gen Ayub n Gen Yahya's rule spanned 14 years from 1958 to Dec 1971, through which they obliterated corruption accumulated by the bloody civilians since the inception of Pakistan. These patriotic dictators achieved this through angels descending from heavens and by 1971, by 1988, and by 2008 they had left the country pristine and blemish-free from any crime n corruption. Hence, all n every bit of corruption that exists today ONLY occurred during corrupt rule of ultra corrupt bloody civilians over the last 10 years.

Sunday, August 5, 2018

Ghaus e Buner (Swat), Syed Ali Tirmidhi's Descendant Syed Akbar Shah of Sathana

By Muhammad Shafi Sabir

Tazkara Sarfaroshan e Sarhad: Syed Akbar Shah of Sathana

One of the most vocal and active resistance leader against the Sikh Regime's injustices was Syed Akbar Shah of Sathana. He belonged to the family of Ghaus e Buner, Hazrat Syed Ali Tirmidhi also known as Pir Baba Rahmatullah Alaihe. In tribute of Syed Akbar Shah, British Historians have this to say: "The death of Swat's Ruler Syed Akbar Shah on the 11th of May 1857 was a good omen for our Government. This was the day when news of the war of independence had reached our offices in Peshawar. If he were alive by this time, then the political scenario of the Frontier would have been much different."