Sunday, August 25, 2019

Far From the Madding Crowd, Hardy and Me

Today I got off from the board meeting early and my flight was in the evening. I had a few hours to kill with nothing to do. I chanced upon a YouTube video snippet of Bathsheba Everdene and Sergeant Troy's sword scene of 2011 remake of Far From the Madding Crowd. I didn't like it at all, there was no mystery, no suspense and no thrill that I remember experiencing when I first watched the scene in the original 1967  British movie starring Julie Christie, Alan Bates, Peter Finch and Terrance Stamp. Knowing me, YouTube presented the Terrance Stamp interview recorded just before the remake. He had played Sergeant Troy in the 1967 BBC movie. The interview opened a flood of memories flashing across my mind of the various times of my life when i had seen the movie and the times that I have read the book. It brought to my mind my struggle to derive meanings of various scenes. My first viewing was at a time when I had limited understanding of what was happening as our exposure to the themes discussed in the book were not discussed openly in my time. The book itself dealt with these themes in a roundabout manner making it difficult for school boys to fathom. I first saw the movie around 1977. I started going through the various scenes being presented by YouTube and connecting them with my earlier stage. Terrance stamp was saying that the original 1967 team involved in the movie consisted of luminaries of British Film making and were the who-is who of the British cinema. He predicted that it would be really difficult for the remake to break the spell weaved by the original. How true was that:

Sunday, August 18, 2019

Forthright and Courageous Gentleman-Col Raza Kamal at KIET

Col (r) Raza Kamal from 17 Baluch (2 Sind). A thorough gentleman and a great colleague. His commitment and dedication as Director College of Management Sciences at PAF KIET was exemplary. I had a long 10+ years association as Dean n Vice president of PAF KIET with Col Raza Kamal. It started during KIET's initial years at Korangi Creek Base Campus. I had joined in Feb 2001 after leaving IBA. This time was about six months after KIET had moved to its PAF Base campus from its city campus location on Shahrah e Faisal. The campus had been vacated by CBM. KIET got the contract with PAF after after obtaining the charter. 

Col Raza had been with KIET since its inception in a Sindhi Muslim Society Banglow in 1997. When I joined PAF KIET, he was HoD of Management Science department. HoD Computer Science department was Mr Adnan Manzoor. A few months later there was a change in higher management and Air Commodore Khalid Husain took charge as the President from Mr Adnan Arabi. 

I was interacting with Col Raza Kamal on a daily basis while developing systems, procedures, and policies. This had been a period of consolidation and growth. We had several strategic projects running. Foremost among them were the curriculum changes to the programs that were being offered. At that time, there were only computer science and management science related programs. Bachelor programs of computer science and management science were both two year programs. Our first initiative was to first convert them to the IBA model of 3+1, that is a 3-year BBA followed by a 1-year MBA. Similarly, a 3-year BS CS followed by a 1-year MCS. This model continued till 2004 when we discontinued the 3-year programs and replaced them with 4-year BS and BBA programs. This was also accompanied by introduction of engineering programs and other specializations. Col Raza Kamal with his independent mind, and incisive observations helped us in refining and improving various initiatives. 

Simultaneously in 2001, we had embarked on a computerization of academic management. First, task was to convert the paper file records of student records into a computerized database. This involved data entry of records and understanding of the previous nomenclature and the their conversion to the computerized versions. Col Raza Kamal's understanding of the paper records, and his memory of the students and courses was an indispensable help in this transition process. 

His calm n composure in times of stress had been a great support during my numerous, often unconventional initiatives. He has recently published a book on management based on his experience as a teacher and as a professional. Great man to have worked with. Need to get together with him some time soon. 

[Work in Progress]



Sunday, August 11, 2019

Dynamic Role of Abstract in Guiding the Flow of Writing of a PhD Dissertation

Abstract is the first thing in a dissertation that is read, and is often the last. A dissertation is at most read by 1.6 people from end to end, including the author [1]. PhD dissertation is written to enable a researcher to find all information necessary for replicating the results and understand the thesis. Hence, the detail. However, most readers are only interested in finding out a few items about the research which are typically provided in the abstract. These include the problem statement, thesis statement, contribution, and significance. Details of what a dissertation should contain has been amply documented elsewhere. In this post, I will discuss the role of abstract in guiding the flow of PhD Dissertation during its writing stage. 

Islamabad Think Tanks Running Out of Options

"Think-tanks" have yet again run out of options when IK exclaimed in the joint session of parliament:
ہم کیا کریں؟ کیا انڈیا سے جنگ شروع کر دیں؟
This indicates No "think", only "tanks"! It is pathetic that there are No out-of-the-box thinkers!

Is there a severe قحط الرجال and dearth of thinkers in scores of Islamabad "think-tanks"? Do these think tanks only consist of visionless ex career bureaucrats and ex generals whose distinctive qualification is often their career promotions based on a system that only rewards obeying orders diligently? What great distinguishing accomplishments of enterprising, creative, innovative breakthrough and out-of-the-box ideas in successful execution do they have in their testimonials?


They stand blinded, listless and clueless the same way they stood after 9-11 when threatened by US, and capitulating on a single call from Assistant in State Department.

Government Spending, Keynesian Economics and Pakistan's Economic Slide in 2018-19

This issue was the beginning of the start of destruction of economy. So many apparently sane people people lost it through his charisma.
We need to take a hard look at how criticism for the sake of criticism destroyed the "development" cycle of Pakistan's economy. Development expenditure on flyovers, metros, motorways etc increases the money circulation, which increases the disposable income of people, which increases the GDP, which increases the growth, which increases the tax/revenue collection of the government, which increases the "development" expenditure. This cycle was destroyed by IK and his uncouth advisors. This is macro economics 101. Take any first level textbook of economics and turn to chapter on Government Spending and growth.


-3:23

Imran Khan's Criteria of Fascism and Treatment of Opposition

Our Honorable Prime Minister Imran Khan in the recent joint session of Parliament on Kashmir's annexation by India, reminded the MNAs and Senators about Hitler's fascism and Nazi Party. He explained fascist governments are those that "drive opposition to the wall'. IK reminder comes as Déjà vu in the situation we confront. Thank you IK for reminding Pakistanis about Nazi Party's Germany:

Hitler's government was Fascist, government of Nazi party. It had totally throttled media, muzzled dissent through dreaded Gestapo and SS of Heinrich Himmler Hermann Goering. Gobbelz was the propoganda minister of Nazi Germany who turned propoganda into science through which a lie is spread so much that people eventually start believing it as truth. Nazi propoganda manifesto was
"Make the lie big, keep it simple, keep saying it and eventually they will believe it".

The instrument of coercion in Nazi Germany was their dreaded intelligence agency, Gestapo. [Wikipedia]
It became the" holy cow" which could not be challenged or questioned. The basic Gestapo law passed by the government in 1936 gave the Gestapo carte blanche to operate without judicial review—in effect, putting it above the law.[26] The Gestapo was specifically exempted from responsibility to administrative courts, where citizens normally could sue the state to conform to laws.

The power of the Gestapo included the use of what was called, Schutzhaft—"protective custody", a euphemism for the power to imprison people without judicial proceedings.[34] An oddity of the system was that the prisoner had to sign his own Schutzhaftbefehl, an order declaring that the person had requested imprisonment—presumably out of fear of personal harm. In addition, thousands of political prisoners throughout Germany—and from 1941, throughout the occupied territories under the Night and Fog Decree—simply disappeared while in Gestapo custody.[35]

In 5 years from 1934-39, Nazis have brainwashed the Germans to die in millions to prop the Nazi regime during the Second World War . Over 150million Germans died!

Can I be a Bulwark against Criticism of People

Consider the posts like these running around on social media:
"If you're skinny, you need to gain weight.... If you're fat, you need to lose weight. If you smoke weed you're a druggie. If you drink, you’re an alcoholic. If you get dressed up, you are vain, If you dress down you've let yourself go. If you speak your mind, you are rude. If you don't say anything, you're snobbish. If you are sociable, you're a party animal. If you keep yourself to yourself, you’re detached. If you are young, you are immature, if you're old you're dispensable.

YOU can't do anything without being criticized. We live in a society where people can't survive if they're not judging the next person. Love me or hate me, but you will never change me. Get to know people before judging them. Let's build each other up. We are all doing the best we can, in the same game called life!!

If you're proud of who you are copy and paste this with a pic of you!!"

I saw this copied on a student's wall with her picture on Facebook. Here is the advice that I gave her:

This type of criticism exists in every culture and during every epoch and in every country. Nothing to worry about. Do what is right. Right and wrong comes not from people's comments or self centered-ness but from universal principles. Read Covey's Principles Centered Leadership. You need to have a pivot, a reference or a "center" of your life that will help you decide whether the criticism is right or wrong or irrelevant or a distraction. Our self-worth should not depend upon what people say or do to us. Our self-worth is independent of the people's likes or dislikes if we are principle centered. Problem is we often choose other "centers" of life that make us dependent upon people's opinions, likes and dislikes, and this exacerbates the problem as we are forever trying to please them. Following are some of the popular "centers" that people use to decide what is right and what is wrong for you: 
  • Some people design their lives around their parents as center (but they grow old and eventually leave this world). Right and wrong is determined by parental likes or dislikes. 
  • Some people design their lives around things as center; the latest fashion, the latest smart phone, the latest food/restaurant, the latest car model.... (the latest is always superceded by another better model/fashion). Here our self-identity becomes associated with the "thing". However, the moment we see someone having a better car, or mobile phone, or a house than others, we become depressed. Even if we get the best around, it becomes obsolete the moment it gets completed, because there is always another newer, better version about to be released. 
  • Some people design their lives around friend(s) as center (but soon their interests diverge, they move away, settle in another country). The friends determine what is right or wrong. 
  • Some people design their lives around their children as center (but soon they grow up, become independent, get married and move elsewhere). Children's adulations are transitory. They change with their independence. 
  • Some people design their life around their own self (self adoration, self beauty, self centeredness, aka narcissism, but, alas, we all grow old and wither away).
The secret of happiness is to design your life around "principles"__ universal principles, which never grow old or lose their value or importance. They are here since humans came on this planet. They transcend time, place, countries, people, race, religions, and of course our life! These are superior to all other potential contenders for centers. They will remain whether you shift your interests, move away, migrate, grow old, or die.

Sunday, July 28, 2019

I'm OK, You're Not OK: My Government is OK, Your Government is Not OK (Corrupt)

I am OK, You are not OK: I am (my government is) OK, you (opposition) are not OK (corrupt)
This refers to Harris' acclaimed book "I'm OK, You're OK" (psychology, self help to help people grow out of childhood into adulthood: 
It discusses the psychology of a child as it grows up to become an adult. The mental state of a person can be explained using these four states: (1) I'm OK, You're OK, (2) I'm OK, You're not OK, (3) I'm not OK, You're OK, and (4) I'm not OK, You're not OK.

Neocolonialism Objectives for Third World Countries like Pakistan

Work in Process:
خبردار جو ایمپریس مارکیٹ کی طرح ٹھیلے/پتھارے سے حلال روزی کمائ! انہیں تباہ کر کے تاجِ برطانیہ کا طمطراق واپس لائیں گے: کالے انگریز

ٹیکس چور deserve کرتے ہیں!
آٹوموبیل سیکٹر میں اربوں کے خسارہ کے بعد مہینے میں دس دن کام بند، ایک شفٹ بند، ڈیڑھ لاکھ ملازمتیں ختم

Afghanistan and Pakistan in 2019

آج وطن پرستوں سے مکالمہ
"یہ افغانی ہمارے ملک کا کھاتے ہیں اور سپورٹ افغانستان کو کرتے ہیں۔"
"تماری طرح وہ بھی اللہ کا دیا کھاتے ہیں، اپنی تقدیر کا کھاتے ہیں، کوئی کسی کے حصے کا نہیں کھاتا۔ اللہ کی زمین پر رہتے ہیں، تمہاری ملکیت پر نہیں رہتے۔ جب کوئی پاکستانی برطانیہ، آسٹریلیا، نیوزی لینڈ میں رہ کر وہاں کی شہریت لے کر پاکستانی ٹیم کو سپورٹ کرتا ہے تب تمہارے پیٹ میں مروڑ کیوں نہیں اٹھتی؟"
"لیکن یہ غدار ہیں، یہ ہمارے ملک میں دھشتگردی لائے، منشیات لائے۔ ہم نے ان کو پناہ دی اور یہ اب بھارت کے حواری بن بیٹھے۔"
"دھشتگری امریکی جنگ سے آئی جسے تم اپنی جنگ کہتے نہیں تھکتے ورنہ اس سے پہلے افغان سرحد تمہاری سب سے محفوظ سرحد تھی۔ طالبان تمہاری دوست حکومت تھی جو افغانستان میں امن قائم کر چکی تھی، منشیات کی کاشت ختم کر چکی تھی۔ تم نے نیشنلزم کے نام پر اس دوست ریاست کی بلی چڑھائی اور جب اس کے نتیجے میں امریکی نواز حکومت قائم ہوئی اور اس کا جھکاو بھارت کی طرف ہوا تو تم نے اپنے گریبان میں جھانکنے کی بجائے افغانیوں کو غدار قرار دے دیا۔"
"جاو یار! یہ قوم تو ہے ہی ترقی اور امن سے نفرت کرنے والی۔ اس قوم کو لڑنے کے علاوہ آتا ہی کیا ہے۔ ان سے جان نہیں چھڑائی تو یہ ہمیں بھی پسماندہ کر چھوڑینگے۔"
"لڑائی کی جس صفت کو تم تذلیل کی نظر سے دیکھ رہے ہو یہ صفت تاریخ میں تماری محافظ رہی ہے۔ جس قوم کو تم پسماندہ سمجھ کر تحقیر کا نشانہ بنا رہے ہو اس قوم نے پچھلے ہزار سال درجنوں ریاستیں قائم کی ہیں۔ غزنوی، غوری، خاورزمی، تغلق، لودھی، ابدالی، خلجی، ہندوستان اور وسطی ایشیاء میں اسلام کی تشہیر و حفاظت کا بڑا سہرا ان افغانوں کی اس ہی دلیرانہ صفت کے سر ہے۔ مراٹھوں سے تمہاری جان چھڑانے، برطانیہ کی وسطی ایشیاء میں توسیع روکنے، کمیونسٹوں کی کمر توڑنے میں انہی کا خون ہے۔"
"او جاو یار! میں یہ سب نہیں مانتا۔"
"تمہارے ماننے نہ ماننے سے حقائق تبدیل نہیں ہوتے، صرف تمہاری کم علمی اور تعصب ظاہر ہوتے ہیں۔ تم دوست اور دشمن کا فرق بھول بیٹھے ہو۔ تم امت کا تصور اور تقدیر پر ایمان بھلا بیٹھے ہو ورنہ تم وطن پرست نہ ہوتے۔"

Finally would you believe the founding father Iqbal or some 5th Generation media campaign
:
بتان رنگ و خوں کو توڑ کر ملت میں گم ہو جا
نہ ایرانی رہے باقی نہ تورانی نہ افغانی

Iqbal's narrative vs  US' 5th Generation warriors' narrative who seemed to have hijacked the so called 
Pakistani 5th Gen warriors agenda. People doing propaganda on behalf of Afghanistan are mostly US/West planted or not shrewd enough to understand neocolonial agenda.  Three countries are targeted by US designs in this region. I feel majority of Afghanis still love and support Pakistan. Similarly majority of Iranians and Turks are also with Pakistan.
Pakistan has been opposing and protesting India's influence in Afghanistan because India is  promoting anti-Pakistan narrative through its several consulates in Afghanistan. Now if some  are promoting anti-Afghani narrative in Pakistan! Then India and those Pakistanis are on the same page as USA. USA wants neither Afghanis nor Pakistanis to have representative government. So such 
people are supporting neocolonialism.
برطانیہ میں جو کچھ ہوا اس کی کئی وجوہات ہیں۔
ان میں سے چند یہ ہیں؛
1) برطانیہ میں جو افغان نسل موجود ہے وہ وہ ہے جس نے اپنے بڑوں کو ، قریبی رشتہ داروں کو پہلے روس کے ساتھ جنگ ، بعد میں جہادیوں کی آپس کی لڑائیوں اور پھر طالبان اور آخر میں امریکیوں کے ہاتھوں مرتے اور تشدد کا شکار ہوتے دیکھا ہے۔ یہ وہ نسل ہے جو پاکستان کو اپنی اس حالت کے لیے ذمہ دار سمجھتی ہے۔ ان کا طرز فکر غلط ہوسکتا ہے لیکن یہ فطری طور پر پاکستان کو ناپسند کرتی ہے۔ 

USA paid Dictator Zia $5.8Bn for inflicting Afghan Jehad in 1980s, and paid Dictator Mush $35Bn for Afghan WoT in 2000s. The resulting wars and civil strife has been going on for the last 40years.

دوسرا پاکستان کے خلاف پورے یورپ بالخصوص برطانیہ میں پی ٹی ایم نے بہت نفرت پھیلائی ہے۔ یہ کام دانستہ اور نادانستہ دونوں طور پر ہوا ہے۔
تیسرا عنصر انڈیا اور دیگر وہ تنظیموں کا جو برطانیہ کی سرزمین سے پاکستان کے خلاف سرگرم عمل ہے ان کا بھی کردار ہے
چوتھا جلتی پر تیل کا کام شعیب اختر جیسے کم ظرف لوگوں نے انجام دیا ہے۔
آپ کا ملک اربوں روپے افغانستان میں رائے عامہ کو اپنے حق میں کرنے کے لیے خرچ کرتا ہے ۔
اب ایسے واقعات کے بعد دو طرز عمل ہوسکتے ہیں۔
یا تو آپ نفرت مو مزید ہوا دے کر اپنے نفس کی تسکین کرلیں یا آپ محبت کرنے والی قوتوں کو اجاگر کرکے نفرت کے سوداگروں اور ان کی پشت پر کھڑے پاکستان کے دشمنوں کا ناکام کرلیں۔
میں نے دوسرا والا کام کیا ہے۔

Booby Traps Inserted in 1973 Constitution by DoN Godfathers that Perpetually Keep Pakistan in an ICU Emergency

Doctrine of Necessity (DoN) godfathers have inserted booby traps in the 1973 constitution that strangulate and throttle the elected governments in their functioning and also keep on exploding every few years keeping the country perpetually in an ICU emergency. The moment an elected government reaches a stage where it can start asserting the will of the people, a booby trap explodes plunging the country in to uncertainty and hopelessness. Since my childhood in early 1970s, I have experienced being in mortal fear of the country disintegrating. I am told that the same fear of disintegration and dismemberment has characterized the existence since independence.

This post reviews the history of three such provisions inserted in the constitution of 1973 by dictator General Zia through the machinations of Jadoogar of Jeddah Sharifuddin Pirzada who has the dubious distinction to be the legal architect of MLOs, PCOs, MLRs and other intricate insertions in the constitutions such as 58(2)b, 62(1)f, 183(4) and others of the ilk. Pernicious influence of such booby traps are only now being recognized by the elected lawmakers, who originally thought that they are donewith the dictatorial alterations once they got rid of 58(2)b.

  1. Gen Zia
  2. Junejo
  3. BB1
  4. NS1
  5. BB2
  6. NS2
  7. Gen Mush
  8. Yusuf Raza Gilani
  9. Raja Ashraf
  10. NS3




Can Corruption Problem be Solved by Hanging a Few Thousands?

کیا 5 ہزار کو لٹکانے سے کرپشن سے نجات ملے گی؟ انقلاب فرانس 40 ہزار مارے، انقلاب روس 20 ملین مارے: کوئی افاقہ،  بہتری، حل نہ ہوا!
1. Nations that forget history are forgotten by history. History tells us that mass killings, mass purges, indiscriminate hanging of suspects has never solved any problem for any nation. Whether it was French Revolution in 1789, or Russian Revolution in 1917, or Iranian Revolution in 1979. Several despots has tried this recipe and have failed miserably.
2. We in Pakistan mus remember that those who ignore history are doomed to repeat it.
3. Also note that 60,000 were killed in Iranian revolution + millions killed in Iran-Iraq war imposed by USA as a revenge for revolution. Nothing got sorted out.
4. I first wrote about sentiments of hanging people and French revolution years ago  in the blogpost during Panama Case when they were clamoring for retribution with off-with-their-heads slogans

Covey's First Habit and Depression

Worry about the things that are in your control. Don't worry about the things that are not in your control. This is Stephen Covey's First Habit from his highly acclaimed book 7 Habits of highly Effective People. What this means is that we need to have the mental capacity to block worring about the things that are not in my control and shift the focus to the things that are in my control. 

This wonderfully expressed and portrayed in the famous quote referring to "I wouldn't think of things that are not in my control today" because those are in my circle of concern about which I can't do any thing today. "I would only think of them tomorrow. Because tomorrow is another day." Scarlett O'Hara makes this resolve at the height of disappointment when she reaches her palatial house Tara to find that the strength and support she was looking for in her household, and her father is all gone as related to the plight in which the rich found themselves after the civil war ended as depicted in Margaret Mitchell's famous book/movie "Gone with the Wind". This resolve points out that I want to be fresh tomorrow to focus on how to bring things in my circle of concern into my circle of Influence. I will start by only focusing and working on things that are in my control. This will expand my circle of Influence and the consequent expansion will eventually encompass things that were previously only in my circle of concern. This expansion will bring them in my control.

Depression is a state in which we keep on thinking about the things that are not in my control and about which we can't do any thing. This saps our energy as we keep going round and round thinking about things of which we do not have any convincing solution. We only get depressed when we keep on thinking about things that are not in my control (that is,  those which are in my circle of Concern). And we don't convert the things which are in my control in to action items that can be completed in specific time frame. 


Wednesday, June 19, 2019

Aligarh and Hyder Family

Work in Progress

My father at aligarh
Other relatives at Aligarh
Need to identify the alumni at aligarh from Nihtaur from this List of Aligarh Univ Alumni


Sunday, June 2, 2019

An Eyewitness Account of Justice Munir's Doctrine of Necessity Judgement by Mr Ashraf Janjua

Justice Munir's Doctrine of Necessity Judgment is the most important single event in the history of Pakistan. The costs of Justice Munir's Doctrine of Necessity have been 4 Martial Laws and 35 years of direct dictatorships. The remaining years of Pakistan's existence have been spent fighting the booby traps inserted in the constitution by the dictators that throttle and strangulate the s/elected governments and keep on exploding every few years keeping Pakistan in a perpetual ICU emergency.
Mr Ashraf Janjua

Here is an eyewitness account by octogenarian Mr Ashraf Janjua who had been Deputy Governor SBP, and Dean and Professor at IoBM Karachi. He is also the author of a multi-volume history of State Bank of Pakistan. This is taken from his recent comments on my facebook post on political engineering that led to the judgment:
[Begin Quote]
Maulvi Tamizuddin was the speaker of the Constituent Assembly that was dissolved by the Governor General Ghulam Mohmmad. He was Governor General of Pakistan from 1951 to 1955. Maulvi Tamizuddin had challenged the GG’s decision to dissolve the assembly in Sindh High Court and had won the case. On appeal by the government, the case was heard in the Federal Court (renamed later on as Supreme Court) during 1955.
My memory is no longer as sharp as it used to be, but I remember distinctly that people could sense that there was something important about Maulvi Tamizuddin Case. During the hearings, first thing everyone would look for in the morning newspaper was the news about the proceedings of the Maulvi Tamizuddin case in the court.  
I listened to the proceedings of this case in the then Federal Court (before it was renamed as Supreme Court) in Lahore. A few students from Economics Department of Punjab University including myself sat in the gallery of the court for a few hours in May of 1955. During these hours Maulvi Tamizuddin was represented by Hamidul Haq Chowdhery and a British advocate named Mr Pritt, the latter was willing to fight for Democracy anywhere in the world without charging any fees. 
I remember many details of that hearing. One worth sharing with readers is that in his presentation,  Hamidul Haq Chowdhery used the word dishonest for the Governor General. On hearing this, CJ Munir lost his cool and said,”Mr Chowdhery you have used the word dishonest for the Governor General twice, if you use it again you will no longer be at the bar”. Mr Chowdhery apologized profusely. 
The five judges of the Federal (Supreme) Court at that time were Justices Mohammad Munir, Justice A. R. Cornileus, Justice S.A Rahman, Justice Mohammad Sharif and Justice Mohammad Akram. The first three were in the same order of seniority. May be Justice Shahbuddin was replaced by Justice Mohammad Akram or Justice Mohammad Sharif[1], I have no idea. I could identify Justice Mohammad Sharif on the Bench because as early as early as April 1951, I had received a prize from his hand as he was the Chief Guest in the annual prize distribution at Government College, Chakwal. I am not sure but I think at that time he was on the Bench of Punjab High Court. 
I recall that once all the judges retired to an ante room perhaps for consultation, and after a few minutes asked the messenger to get them a book placed on a table before the judges. Again, the proceedings continued. When the decision was announced the reaction was mixed. I have hazy recollection that Daily Dawn came out against it. But some of my fellow students said, "A decision against GG would have meant Martial Law.”
These are some of my recollections.
[End Quote]
[1] Justice Shahabuddin was actually replaced by Justice Mohammad Akram. The story of this replacement is part of the political engineering as detailed in my post Doctrine of Necessity, DoN godfathers Political Engineering of the SC Bench to Obtain Doctrine of Necessity Judgement

Mr Ashraf Janjua's Profile

Mr. M. Ashraf Janjua served as Chief Economic Advisor of State Bank of Pakistan from 1995 to 2004. Mr. Janjua joined the State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) in 1966 and served as a Deputy Governor of Policy at SBP from 1992 to 1995. Prior to that, he served at Pakistan Institute of Development Economics as a Research Economist and at Pakistan Development Review as an Associate Editor. He served as an Independent Director of Atlas Asset Management Limited at Atlas Fund of Funds from September 11, 2008 to October 29, 2012. He served as an Executive Director for Pakistan at the International Monetary Fund, Washington from 1979 to 1983. Amongst other research works, he is the author of History of State Bank of Pakistan - Volume III (1977-78), and Volume IV (1988 - 2003). He was a Senior Fellow with the rank of Professor of Economics and the Dean of College of Business Management in Karachi. He holds a Masters degree in Economics from Government College Lahore at Punjab University and a Masters degree in Development Economics from the Williams College in USA. Mr. Janjua has also done one year's graduate work at the Stanford University in California, USA.

Other posts related to Doctrine of Necessity:


Thursday, April 25, 2019

Corruption is a cause or symptom of Government Inefficiency- Challenge for Imran Khan

Asad Umar putting up a great fight against the vested interests in the country,  and IK buckling under pressure is a very simplistic explanation of a more fundamental issue plaguing our governance: The fundamental issue at stake is the debunking of the fallacious assumption that "corruption is the  primary reason for our economic downslide".  Asad Umar's economic performance demonstrates the negation of this fallacious assumption. Corruption is not the cause, but "incompetence" of the Competent Authority is the primary cause of our economic downslide. Corruption is only a symptom but definitely not the cause. Hence, presence of smart, forthright but incompetent leaders has further plunged the country into an abyss.

Corruption exists because the bureaucracy continues to make rules and regulations that are in the form of notifications spread over last seven decades and burried in files which are not known in their entirety to even the most senior bureaucrats. Bureaucracy can pull out a notification of their choice from this maze at will to justify any decision or to block any process at will. Kickbacks are the only wheels through which files can travel through this maze. The solution is not to go after corruption with NAB sledgehammer as it effectively grinds to the halt all bureaucracy, as is the case today. But the solution is massive BPR (Business Process Re-engineering) and change management. This requires compilation of all the notification in one place and (i) their organization and then (ii) their simplification as per Hammer and Champy's BPR definition, (iv)  automation i.e computerized movement of all files and notes, and  then their (v) transparency ie visibility of approval process, noting, decisions at every step to all stakeholders.

This is a hugely complex, tedious and difficult project. Even Dr Ishrat's public service reforms project is tweaking the "structure" but ignoring the "processes". It is going to fail like all other previous efforts because of (1) change resistance, (2) it does not address the core issue of BPR.

Sunday, April 14, 2019

Iqbal and Ahmedis and Qadianis

ایک پوسٹ کے جواب میں، جس میں قادیانیوں کی حمایت کی بو محسوس ہوئی،
چند نکات پیش کررہا ہوں، امید ہے ٹھنڈے دل سے غور فرمائیں گے، حالاں کہ قادیانیوں کے معاملے پر مجھے یا ملت اسلامیہ پاکستان کو مزید کسی دلیل کی ضرورت نہیں، کہ انہیں ملک کا اعلی ترین ادارہ پارلیمنٹ غیر مسلم قرار دے چکا ہے۔  سو عوام کی اجتماعی دانش پر آپ کا سوال اٹھانا سمجھ سے بالا تر ہے-
علامہ اقبال نے 1902ء میں انجمن حمایت اسلام کے جلسے میں مرزا قادیانی کے دعویٰ نبوت کو جھٹلاتے ہوئے کہا کہ:
اے کہ بعداز تو نبوت شد بہ ہر مفہوم شرک      
بزم را روشن ز نور شمع عرفان کردہ
’’سرور رفتہ‘‘ میں صفحہ 30 پرغلام رسول مہر نے ایک نوٹ میں کہا ہے کہ یہ 1902ء کا کلام ہے اور ظاہر ہے کہ اس کے لکھنے کی ضرورت مرزا غلام احمد قادیانی کے دعویٰ بروزیت کی بنا پر ہوئی۔ یعنی کہتے ہیں کہ تیرے بعد نبوت کا دعویٰ ہر لحاظ سے شرک فی النبوت ہے۔ خواہ اس کا مفہوم کوئی ہو۔ یعنی ظلی اور بروزی نبوت بھی اس سے باہر نہیں۔
1903ء کے انجمن حمایت اسلام کے جلسے میں ’’فریاد امت‘‘ منعقدہ مارچ 1903ء میں اقبال نے ایک نظم پڑھی جس کا دوسرا عنوان ا برگہربار تھا۔ اس میں انہوں نے یہ شعر پڑھا۔
مجھ کو انکار نہیں آمد مہدی سے مگر            
غیر ممکن ہے کوئی مثل ہو پیدا تیرا
1914ء …میں اقبال نے لکھا کہ قادیانی جماعت نبی اکرم ؐ کے بعد نبوت کی قائل ہے تو ہ دائرہ اسلام سے خارج ہے۔
1915ء …میں رموز بے خودی شائع ہوئی۔ اقبال نے عقیدہ ختم نبوت کا واشگاف اعلان کیا:
پس خدا برماشریعت ختم کرو             بررسول ما رسالت ختم کرو
لا نبی بعدی ز احسان خدا است            پردہ ناموس دین مصطفی است
حق تعالیٰ نقش ہر دعویٰ شکست         تا ابد اسلام را شیرازہ بست
اقبال نے 1916ء میں ایک بیان میں کہا: ’’جو شخص نبی اکرم صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کے بعد کسی ایسے نبی کا قائل ہوجس کا انکار مستلزم کفر ہو تووہ خارج از اسلام ہوگا۔ اگر قادیانی جماعت کا بھی یہی عقیدہ ہے تو وہ بھی دائرہ اسلام سے خارج ہے‘‘۔
1935ء…اقبال نے ضرب کلیم میں اپنی نظم جہاد میں قادیانیوں پر تنقید کی:
فتویٰ ہے شیخ کا یہ زمانہ قلم کا ہے
دنیا میں اب رہی نہیں تلوار کارگر
ہم پوچھتے ہیں شیخ کلیسا نواز سے
مشرق میں جنگ شر ہے تو مغرب میں بھی ہے شر
حق سے اگر غرض ہے تو زیبا ہے کیا یہ بات
اسلام کا محاسبہ، یورپ سے درگزر
پس چہ باید کرد 1936ء میں شائع ہوئی۔ اقبال لکھتے ہیں:
عصر من پیغمبرے ہم آفرید  
آنکہ در قرآں بغیر از خود ندید
شیخ او مرد فرنگی را مرید
گرچہ گوید از مقام بایزید
گفت دیں را رونق ز محکومی است    
زندگانی از خودی محرومی است
دولت اغیار را رحمت شمرد 
رقص ہا گرد کلیسا کرد و مرد
اقبال نے نہرو کو جو خط کا جواب دیا اس کے مندرجات بھی ملاحظہ فرمائیں-
اقبال نے اپنی ایک بیان میں نہایت مضبوط اور قطعی لہجے میں مرزائیت کے باطل ہونے کا اعلان کیا اور مرزا غلام احمد قادیانی کو جھوٹا نبی قرار دیا اور انہیں اسلام اور ہندوستان کا غدار قرار دیا۔
اس پر پنڈت نہرو نے اقبال کے نام خط لکھا، جس میں کہا کہ یہ تو مولویوں کا ایشو ہے، آپ جیسا سمجھدار، پڑھا لکھا شخص کس طرح ایسی سخت بات کر سکتا ہے قادیانی حضرات کے بارے میں ، اس پر نظر ثانی کریں۔ اقبال نے جوابی خط میں تین باتیں کہیں:
پہلے تو یہ لکھا کہ آپ لوگ یعنی ہندو، نبوت صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کے مقام کی تفہیم کر ہی نہیں سکتے ، اندازہ بھی نہیں آپ لوگوں کہ سرکار مدینہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کا کیا مقام ہے۔
دوسرا رسالت اسلام کا مرکزی عقیدہ ہے، جو ختم نبوت کا قائل نہیں، وہ کافر ہے ۔
تیسری بات یہ کہ معاملہ آج کا نہیں، آج تو ہم لوگ مرزائیت کے حوالے سے دھوکا نہیں کھائیں گے، معاملہ مستقبل کا ہے۔
اگر آج اسے یعنی قادیانی گروہ کو دوسرے مسلمانوں سے الگ نہ کیا گیا تو پچاس سال بعد بہت لوگ دھوکا کھا سکتے ہیں
از افادات ڈاکٹر وحید عشرت، محمد عامر ہاشم خاکوانی
ابھی صرف اقبال کے حوالے سے گزارشات کی ہیں، امید ہے اس پر سوچ بچار فرمائیں گے- اقبال مولوی نہیں تھے- اس وطن کا خواب انہی کا مرہونِ منت ہے۔ کہیں گے تو پھر یحییٰ بختیار کی قومی اسمبلی میں تقریر بھی شیئر کردوں- وہ بھٹو صاحب کی پارٹی کی اکثریت والی اسمبلی تھی۔ بھٹو صاحب اور پیپلز پارٹی والے بھی مولوی نہیں تھے۔
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Iqbal and Ahmedis and Qadianis

ایک پوسٹ کے جواب میں، جس میں قادیانیوں کی حمایت کی بو محسوس ہوئی،
چند نکات پیش کررہا ہوں، امید ہے ٹھنڈے دل سے غور فرمائیں گے، حالاں کہ قادیانیوں کے معاملے پر مجھے یا ملت اسلامیہ پاکستان کو مزید کسی دلیل کی ضرورت نہیں، کہ انہیں ملک کا اعلی ترین ادارہ پارلیمنٹ غیر مسلم قرار دے چکا ہے۔  سو عوام کی اجتماعی دانش پر آپ کا سوال اٹھانا سمجھ سے بالا تر ہے-

علامہ اقبال نے 1902ء میں انجمن حمایت اسلام کے جلسے میں مرزا قادیانی کے دعویٰ نبوت کو جھٹلاتے ہوئے کہا کہ:
اے کہ بعداز تو نبوت شد بہ ہر مفہوم شرک      
بزم را روشن ز نور شمع عرفان کردہ

’’سرور رفتہ‘‘ میں صفحہ 30 پرغلام رسول مہر نے ایک نوٹ میں کہا ہے کہ یہ 1902ء کا کلام ہے اور ظاہر ہے کہ اس کے لکھنے کی ضرورت مرزا غلام احمد قادیانی کے دعویٰ بروزیت کی بنا پر ہوئی۔ یعنی کہتے ہیں کہ تیرے بعد نبوت کا دعویٰ ہر لحاظ سے شرک فی النبوت ہے۔ خواہ اس کا مفہوم کوئی ہو۔ یعنی ظلی اور بروزی نبوت بھی اس سے باہر نہیں۔

1903ء کے انجمن حمایت اسلام کے جلسے میں ’’فریاد امت‘‘ منعقدہ مارچ 1903ء میں اقبال نے ایک نظم پڑھی جس کا دوسرا عنوان ا برگہربار تھا۔ اس میں انہوں نے یہ شعر پڑھا۔
مجھ کو انکار نہیں آمد مہدی سے مگر            
غیر ممکن ہے کوئی مثل ہو پیدا تیرا

1914ء …میں اقبال نے لکھا کہ قادیانی جماعت نبی اکرم ؐ کے بعد نبوت کی قائل ہے تو ہ دائرہ اسلام سے خارج ہے۔

1915ء …میں رموز بے خودی شائع ہوئی۔ اقبال نے عقیدہ ختم نبوت کا واشگاف اعلان کیا:
پس خدا برماشریعت ختم کرو             بررسول ما رسالت ختم کرو
لا نبی بعدی ز احسان خدا است            پردہ ناموس دین مصطفی است
حق تعالیٰ نقش ہر دعویٰ شکست         تا ابد اسلام را شیرازہ بست

اقبال نے 1916ء میں ایک بیان میں کہا: ’’جو شخص نبی اکرم صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کے بعد کسی ایسے نبی کا قائل ہوجس کا انکار مستلزم کفر ہو تووہ خارج از اسلام ہوگا۔ اگر قادیانی جماعت کا بھی یہی عقیدہ ہے تو وہ بھی دائرہ اسلام سے خارج ہے‘‘۔

1935ء…اقبال نے ضرب کلیم میں اپنی نظم جہاد میں قادیانیوں پر تنقید کی:
فتویٰ ہے شیخ کا یہ زمانہ قلم کا ہے
دنیا میں اب رہی نہیں تلوار کارگر
ہم پوچھتے ہیں شیخ کلیسا نواز سے
مشرق میں جنگ شر ہے تو مغرب میں بھی ہے شر
حق سے اگر غرض ہے تو زیبا ہے کیا یہ بات
اسلام کا محاسبہ، یورپ سے درگزر

پس چہ باید کرد 1936ء میں شائع ہوئی۔ اقبال لکھتے ہیں:
عصر من پیغمبرے ہم آفرید  
آنکہ در قرآں بغیر از خود ندید

شیخ او مرد فرنگی را مرید
گرچہ گوید از مقام بایزید

گفت دیں را رونق ز محکومی است    
زندگانی از خودی محرومی است

دولت اغیار را رحمت شمرد 
رقص ہا گرد کلیسا کرد و مرد

اقبال نے نہرو کو جو خط کا جواب دیا اس کے مندرجات بھی ملاحظہ فرمائیں-
اقبال نے اپنی ایک بیان میں نہایت مضبوط اور قطعی لہجے میں مرزائیت کے باطل ہونے کا اعلان کیا اور مرزا غلام احمد قادیانی کو جھوٹا نبی قرار دیا اور انہیں اسلام اور ہندوستان کا غدار قرار دیا۔
اس پر پنڈت نہرو نے اقبال کے نام خط لکھا، جس میں کہا کہ یہ تو مولویوں کا ایشو ہے، آپ جیسا سمجھدار، پڑھا لکھا شخص کس طرح ایسی سخت بات کر سکتا ہے قادیانی حضرات کے بارے میں ، اس پر نظر ثانی کریں۔ اقبال نے جوابی خط میں تین باتیں کہیں:
پہلے تو یہ لکھا کہ آپ لوگ یعنی ہندو، نبوت صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کے مقام کی تفہیم کر ہی نہیں سکتے ، اندازہ بھی نہیں آپ لوگوں کہ سرکار مدینہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کا کیا مقام ہے۔
دوسرا رسالت اسلام کا مرکزی عقیدہ ہے، جو ختم نبوت کا قائل نہیں، وہ کافر ہے ۔
تیسری بات یہ کہ معاملہ آج کا نہیں، آج تو ہم لوگ مرزائیت کے حوالے سے دھوکا نہیں کھائیں گے، معاملہ مستقبل کا ہے۔
اگر آج اسے یعنی قادیانی گروہ کو دوسرے مسلمانوں سے الگ نہ کیا گیا تو پچاس سال بعد بہت لوگ دھوکا کھا سکتے ہیں
از افادات ڈاکٹر وحید عشرت، محمد عامر ہاشم خاکوانی

ابھی صرف اقبال کے حوالے سے گزارشات کی ہیں، امید ہے اس پر سوچ بچار فرمائیں گے- اقبال مولوی نہیں تھے- اس وطن کا خواب انہی کا مرہونِ منت ہے۔ کہیں گے تو پھر یحییٰ بختیار کی قومی اسمبلی میں تقریر بھی شیئر کردوں- وہ بھٹو صاحب کی پارٹی کی اکثریت والی اسمبلی تھی۔ بھٹو صاحب اور پیپلز پارٹی والے بھی مولوی نہیں تھے۔
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Tuesday, April 9, 2019

Why Bhutto is Alive: Political Engineering of SC and HC bench and decisions

بھٹو کیوں ذندہ ہے
Why Bhutto is alive? Bhutto is alive because political engineering that leads to (1) removal of PMs, (2) violation of constitution and law, and (3) manipulation of judicial benches is alive and kicking in Pakistan as it happened with ZAB during 1977-99 leading to the execution of Bhutto on 4th April 1979, 40 years ago. DoN (Doctrine of Necessity) dictators in cahoot with weak and spineless judges continue to play the charade since 1950s to usurp power and to serve their vested interests through politically engineered premature terminations of 16 civilian prime ministers, which also includes the judicial murder of ZAB  (Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto).

DoN (Doctrine of Necessity) godfather Dictator Gen Zia usurps power on July 5,1977: He proclaims martial law, violates and shreds the constitution, imprisons ZAB using doctrine of necessity, and makes a travesty of law and justice. He then appeases the judges by appointing the provincial chief justices as ceremonial governors of their provinces. He then starts to mutilate constitution by adding and removing clauses at will. Using such alterations he removes two clauses of the constitution that enable him to remove CJP. He then replaces him with Justice Anwarul Haq who harbored a grudge against Bhutto because he had superseded him with Justice Yaqub when he was elevated as CJP. He then installs Molvi Mushtaq as Chief Justice Lahore High Court. Interestingly enough he too harbored a grudge against Bhutto. General Zia then goes on to politically engineer Lahore High Court bench and Supreme Court bench with judges of his choice. In doing so he excludes independent minded judges from the benches. He removes the judges who he feared were moving towards an independent view as ascertained from their remarks. The SC bench of 9 hearing Bhutto's case is then artificially reduced to 7 judges. ZAB is hanged by a 4-3 decision with 4 judges from Punjab in favor of hanging against 3 judges from minority provinces who were not in favor. The agreed upon judgment drafted by judges was changed, records tampered, witnesses statements and evidence were altered, ignored,... .
A fit case to be labeled as judicial murder with a notorious judgment that no one has cited since or has ever been used as a precedent in any court of law...
[Source: See Hamid Khan's "A History of the Judiciary in Pakistan", OUP, 2016 for details of each of these points.]

This is the story of mutilation of constitution and political engineering of supreme court benches which has been repeated each time people's rights were trampled in the removal of their  representatives. Each such removal has simply served the neocolonialism interests, and has plunged Pakistan from one emergency to another and has keept Pakistan perpetually in the emergency of an ICU. It has effectively terminated and neutered anyone who has worked for people, fought for their rights, worked for economy and/or nuclear program. ZAB is a symbol, metaphor and a classic case of how this political engineering happens in Pakistan, and has been sustained starting from 1951 termination of Liaquat Ali Khan till the latest termination of Nawaz Sharif in August 2017.

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Sunday, January 27, 2019

Why there are so many intelligence and investigation agencies in Pakistan

Why in Pakistan we have so many investigation agencies and intelligence agencies? These include Police, FIA, NAB, CID, ISI, SIU, IB, CTD, Sp Br, ATF, MI, ISPR, FBR, JIT,...

Our history tells us that the more such agencies, the more had been an increase in corruption and law breaking. 

Here is an extension of the Aesop's fable that I read in my childhood: There was once a Groom who had the charge of the favorite horse of a King. The groom used to spend long hours clipping and combing the favorite Horse, but who daily stole a portion of his allowance of the horse food, and sold it for his own profit. The condition of the Horse gradually worsened. The king got suspicious and appointed a person to oversee whether the horse is being given its daily allowance. The king noted that instead of the horse getting better, it started worsening faster than previously. The king surmised that the person he has appointed is in cahoot with the groom and is also embezzling the food. The king therefore decided to appoint another person to oversee the first person he had appointed to oversee the groom. After the appointment of the second person, the king noticed that the horse's condition started to deteriorate at a much faster rater than previously. Thereafter, the king appointed another person to oversee the second person he appointed to oversee the first person who was appointed to oversee the groom who was suspected of embezzling the food. The appointed of the third person had an immediate effect and the horse died in a couple of days. 

Moral of the story is that appointing overseers over the overseer will only make the matters worse. 

This is the story of creation of one investigation agency to oversee another investigation agency to oversee another and so on to the investigation agency that is the police. The situation of the country has continued to dwindle more and more with the appointment of each new investigation agency.